animal or protruding from its torso (
Unlike themage on the larnax from Armenoi (
these imagesepresent the killing rather than the capture of calves.On an LM ca. 1600-1400 BC seastone rom te areao Knossos
2 we see te moment o mpact. Ase proecte ts, te ca’s ront egs gve way ant throws back its head, bellowing in pain. The calf aises its back near side leg in an attempt to remove the projectile. This is a characteristic cattle response to pain.Catte np or c at te area were tey are eeng te pan rater tan at te source o pan. A cow recevngan injection will kick and bite at the area of the needleather than the vet.The inclusion of a ﬁgure of eight shield, rather than a pro-ecte n a LM ca. 1600-1400 BC exampe rom Knossos
may smary serve to represent te asent unt-er. Normay assocate wt atte, ses are aso repre-sented being carried by hunters in Bronze Age Greek art.
nterpreting the Images
I have so far proposed literal readings of the images butwe should bear in mind that Bronze Age Greek art hase potenta to express mutpe an compex meanngs.Catte were an mportant an versate component oBronze Age Cretan socety an catte conograpy wasused to convey complex concerns relating to many as- pects of life. In order to understand the possible meaningof the images of the hunted calf it is therefore necessaryo oo eyon untng an conser te wer mpor-ance o te ca n Cretan socety.
Te Domestcate Ca
e now rom te arcaeoogca recor tat te cungof juveniles (i.e. animals under three years), in particular he males,
was a common method of herd managementn Neolithic and Bronze Age Greece.
he adult animalwou prove a greater ran on mte resources tane young an tose reare to maturty wou represente mnmum numer requre or tracton an ree-ng while serving as continuing sources of secondary products, namely faeces
Indeed part of thereason why animals less than one-year old were slaugh-tered was because they served as competition for milk.
It is possible that the image of the hunted calf conveyedconcerns reatng aso to te cung o omestcates.Te saugtere young wou ave serve as a sourceo vea, one an sot eater an te ncuson o te ox-hide ﬁgure of eight shield in some images may relate tothe animal as a source of leather. Although shields wouldhave been made from the tough, thick hides of adultsrater tan soter ca-sn tey may ave serve as asymo o te eater worng nustry.
Te Sacre Ca
Certan mages may aso e ntene to represent an-mals singled out as having ritualistic importance. Somehave suggested that sacred animals were kept in cult places in Bronze Age Greece, as they were in Egypt andte Near East urng ts pero.
It s posse tat nte case o te sarcopagus rom Armeno
te caves may ave een caugt rater tankilled because they were intended to serve such a pur- pose.Images representng te eat o te young mayreate spec cay to sacr ce. It as een argue tatsacr ca rtuas evove rom untng
an tat BronzeAge images of hunting served as …
metaphors for sacri- ﬁce
Consumption may also be implicit in these images,since sacriﬁce and consumption were linked elements of a snge rtua.
Te ncuson o proectes an ses urter awegt to ts nterpretaton as tey are assocate wtsacriﬁcial rituals.
For example, the ﬁgure of eightshield, intrinsically linked in terms of its material anduncton wt te contnuum o e an eat, may aveeen spec cay assocate wt rtuas o renewa.
In aton, t s posse tat oter types o magemay refer to the sacriﬁce of calves. For example a seal-stone from Knossos MM III-LM I (ca. 1700-1500 BC)(
decorated with the head of a bearded ﬁgure onone se an a ca on te oter as een nterprete asrepresentng a prest an sacr ca vctm.
g. . a struc y a proecte. ento sea rom nossos strct.
no.301.g. . a an a gure o egt se. ento sea rom nossos.CMS II.4, no.5.