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Andhra Pradesh Atlas

Andhra Pradesh Atlas

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Published by 9290010274
Andhra Pradesh Atlas
Andhra Pradesh Atlas

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Published by: 9290010274 on Jun 15, 2011
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Space Applications centreIndian Space Research OrganisationAhmedabad – 380 015Sponsored byMinistry of Environment and ForestsGovernment of India
This publication deals with the updated database andstatus of wetlands, compiled in Atlas format. Increasingconcern about how our wetlands are being influenced hasled to formulation of a project entitled “National WetlandInventory and Assessment (NWIA)to create an updateddatabase of the wetlands of India. The wetlands arecategorised under 19 classes and mapped using satelliteremote sensing data from Indian Remote SensingSatellite: IRS P6- LISS III sensor. The results areorganised at 1: 50, 000 scales at district, state andtopographic map sheet (Survey of India reference) levelusing Geographic Information System (GIS). Thispublication is a part of this national work and deals withthe wetland status of a particular State/Union Territory ofIndia, through text, statistical tables, satellite images,maps and ground photographs.The atlas comprises wetland information arranged intonine sections. How the NWIA project work has beenexecuted highlighted in the first six sections viz:Introduction, NWIA project, Study area, Data used,Methodology, and Accuracy. This is the first time that highresolution digital remote sensing data has been used tomap and decipher the status of the wetlands at nationalscale. The methodology highlights how the four spectralbands of LISS III data (green, red, near infra red and shortwave infra red) have been used to derive various indicesand decipher information regarding water spread,turbidity and aquatic vegetation. Since, the aim was togenerate a GIS compatible database, details of thestandards of database are also highlighted in themethodology.The results and finding are organised in three sections;viz: Maps and Statistics, Major wetland types, andImportant Wetlands of the area. The Maps and Statisticsare shown for state and district level. It gives details ofwhat type of wetlands exists in the area, how manynumbers in each type, their area estimates in hectare.Since, the hydrology of wetlands are influenced bymonsoon performance, extent of water spread and theirturbidity (qualitative) in wet and dry season (post-monsoon and pre-monsoon period) are also given.Similarly the status of aquatic vegetation (mainly floatingand emergent types) in two seasons is also accounted for.Status of small wetlands are also accounted as numbersand depicted in maps as points. Wetland map also showimportant ancillary information like roads/rail, relevanthabitations. False Colour Composite (FCC) of the satelliteimage used (any one season) is shown along with thederived wetland map to give a feeling of manifestation ofwetlands in remote sensing data and synoptic view of thearea. The status of some of the important wetlands likeRamsar sites, National Parks are shown with recent fieldphotographs.For further details contact:Director,Space Applications Centre, ISRO,Ambawadi Vistar (P.O.)Ahmedabad – 380 015director@sac.isro.gov.in
Sponsored byMinistry of Environment and Forests, Government of IndiaAs a part of the project on National Wetland Inventory and Assessment (NWIA)
Space Applications Centre (ISRO), AhmedabadAndA.P. State Remote Sensing Application Centre, HyderabadMarch 2011

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