small bug 10 feet tall jumping on the bed. Third is applying the rule of exaggeration.Image millions of bugs jumping on the bed. Finally, incorporate action into the images.The next strategy is the substitute-word system. This strategy is a way of makingsomething you need to remember meaningful. Take a word that seems abstract and“think of something that sounds like or reminds you of that abstract word and picture it inyour mind” (Lorayne and Lucas, 1974, p. 21). For example, if you want to remember thename
, just visualize a dark wind. The final strategy is called key word. Keyword is selecting a word to represent a longer thought or several thoughts (Joyce, et al.2004, p. 149). This strategy is very similar to the substitute-word system in that a wordrepresents another thought or thoughts.
Although a theory of human memory has not been achieved, progress is beingmade (Estes, 1976, p. 11). Instructional principles have been developed whose goals areto teaching memorization strategies and to help students study more effectively (Joyce, etal. 2004, p. 137). Depending on what the teacher is focusing on in a lesson, a student willretain a certain amount of information. “Many items are presented to an individual in ashort time, and only those to which attention is directed enter into memory, and onlythose receiving rehearsal are maintained long enough to secure the processing necessaryto establish a basis for long-term recall” (Estes, 1976, p. 7). Basically, if you do not payattention to what you have to remember, you are most likely not going to remember itlater on. Also, you need to remember the information in a way that can be rehearsed forlater recall.