For more than 50 years, the purpose of the news media in a democracy has been to provide thecitizenry with “a truthful, comprehensive, and intelligent account of the day's events in a contextwhich gives them meaning.
The need for an intelligent, comprehensive, truthful account of events in a meaningful context persists, but framing this within the unit of a
makes littlesense in 2011.We need to practice and teach journalists to curate news, as well as to write news stories.When the news was framed by the day, breaking news was updated for television, but usuallyfell out of the news cycle in a day or so. For reporters working in a 24/7, continuous news cycle,putting news in context and curating news is a critical but new skill for journalists.News today is portable, personalized, and participatory.
The “people formerly know as theaudience,”
determine the news cycle, not media or editors. For 35% of Americans, newsbegins before they get out of bed, as they reach for a smart phone and interact with socialmedia apps. Some people check their mobiles once or more during the night.Fully 80% of American get links to news via email or discover news via social networks. Theyare flooded with information. Most Americans say news is easier to follow today than it was 10years ago, but it’s overwhelming. They need reporters to verfy, organize, and basically report onthe crazy quilt of information available from the internet - blogs, social networks, RSS feeds,search engines, etc. and reduce the overwhelming to manageable. That is curating news.Search engines customize information for each individual, and people find themselves ininformation “filter bubbles”
and end up with a “Daily Me” version of the news. That isentertaining, but doesn’t provide information and news that is trustworthy, true, and transparent.The “reporter as curator” replaces the echoes of retweets and rumors with trusted informationthat strengthens the public domain. Attention, reputation, and trust are currency today. A
In 1947, the
Commission on Freedom of the Press
(Hutchins Commission) report said the news media in a democratic societymust present these five1.A truthful, comprehensive, and intelligent account of the day's events in a context which gives them meaning (the mediashould be accurate; the press should not lie)2.A forum for the exchange of comment and criticism (units of the press should assume the duty of publishing ideas thatmay contradict those of their owners and through the media the creators of the contrasting viewpoints can come tounderstand one another)3.A means of representing the constituent groups of society (if different groups are exposed to each other, they willgradually build up respect for and understanding of each other)4.A method of presenting and clarifying the goals and values of the society (stating and clarifying the ideals toward whichthe community should strive)5.A way of reaching every member of the society with the information that the press supplies (it wasn't assumed thateveryone would actually use all the material they receive, but, nonetheless, there is a need for the wide distribution of news and opinion).
According to Pew Internet & American Life Project 2011 report, “Internet usage transforms news industry,” 80% of adultAmericans have cell phones, 37% go online from a cell phone to get news updates. 92% of Americans use multiple platforms (TV,internet, radio, national newspapers) to get daily news, and 35% interact with non-voice apps like Facebook or Twitter on their cellphones before getting out of bed.
Jay Rosen http://archive.pressthink.org/2006/06/27/ppl_frmr.html
Eli Pariser TED Talks http://www.ted.com/talks/eli_pariser_beware_online_filter_bubbles.html