Environmental Sociology Soci 3553 Prof. Shaun Bartone, PhD SociologyWinter Semester, April 2011Instructions: Answer 10 of the 15 questions with short answers. Please answer questions completely but succinctly with a few paragraphs.1. Define, discuss, compare the following concepts:Treadmill of Production vs. Treadmill of ConsumptionWhat conditions drive society to continue producing goods in a way that makes morepollution and waste?What conditions drive us to keep consuming goods and using technology that we oftendon’t even like?Is there any way off these treadmills?2. Define the following and give examples of each:Conspicuous consumption, conspicuous leisure, conspicuous under-consumptionDoes meeting our ego needs necessarily conflict with achieving environmental goals?3.Define, discuss, compare the following concepts:Economic Growth vs. Social DevelopmentWhat kinds of phenomena to economists look for as signs of economic growth?What kinds of phenomena do social scientists look for as signs of social development?Is it possible to achieve both goals? or are they mutually exclusive?How does economic growth impact the environment?How does social development impact the environment?4. Explain the population theory of Thomas MalthusWhat are the factors that support Malthus’ theory?What are the factors that refute or disprove Malthus’ theory?