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Final Exam April 2011

Final Exam April 2011

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Published by ShaunBartone
Environmental Sociology Final Exam
Environmental Sociology Final Exam

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Published by: ShaunBartone on Jun 16, 2011
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Environmental Sociology Soci 3553 Prof. Shaun Bartone, PhD SociologyWinter Semester, April 2011Instructions: Answer 10 of the 15 questions with short answers. Please answer questions completely but succinctly with a few paragraphs.1. Define, discuss, compare the following concepts:Treadmill of Production vs. Treadmill of ConsumptionWhat conditions drive society to continue producing goods in a way that makes morepollution and waste?What conditions drive us to keep consuming goods and using technology that we oftendon’t even like?Is there any way off these treadmills?2. Define the following and give examples of each:Conspicuous consumption, conspicuous leisure, conspicuous under-consumptionDoes meeting our ego needs necessarily conflict with achieving environmental goals?3.Define, discuss, compare the following concepts:Economic Growth vs. Social DevelopmentWhat kinds of phenomena to economists look for as signs of economic growth?What kinds of phenomena do social scientists look for as signs of social development?Is it possible to achieve both goals? or are they mutually exclusive?How does economic growth impact the environment?How does social development impact the environment?4. Explain the population theory of Thomas MalthusWhat are the factors that support Malthus’ theory?What are the factors that refute or disprove Malthus’ theory?
5. What is the IMF/World Bank’s structural adjustment program? How does it affectdeveloping nations? How do developing nations become trapped in a cycle of increasing debt?6. Describe at least three policies for limiting population growth or encouraging a lower birth rate among women? Which is the most effective policy?7. What factors affect hunger and food security in the developing world?8. Why are poor people more likely to suffer from disease related to pollution andenvironmental toxins?9. What is the “Tragedy of the Commons”? Give an example.What factors support or refute the “tragedy of the commons”?10. Using Dan Kahan’s model of environmental concern, define the following and givean example of each one:Hierarchal IndividualistHierarchal SolidaristEgalitarian IndividualistEgalitarian Communitarians11. What is the “ecological modernization” model of environmental policy proposed bythe Dutch researchers, Arthur Mol and Gert Spaargaren?How could it be successful? How could it fail?12. Discuss Vandana Shiva’s theory of Enclosures: enclosing “the commons” or common resources, excluding people from the commons, turning commons resourcesinto private property. How does this process create poverty? How does it affect theenvironment?

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