: Results from theJune 12 election indicate thatTurkey maintained a moderatepluralist party system in structurein the parliament, consisting of the same four parties that werepreviously serving. But it looks asif Turkey is gearing up to becomeanother example of predomi-nant party system soon. Shortof making a constitution that isconsidered as politically, legally,and morally binding for thepolitical elites of Turkey, it will be
difcult to assume that Turkish
democracy is fully consolidated.The stage seems to be set for astart of negotiations for a civilian-made democratic constitution inTurkey. The governing AKP needs
the support of at least ve more
deputies from other parliamen- tary groups.The Turkish politicalelites are good at confronting
and ghting each other, but they
seem not to be as capable orintent upon working togetheras government and opposi- tion. The summer months mayproduce a period of cooling off for the political elites and for theRepublican People’s Party andNationalist Action Party to settle their intra-party accounts beforeOctober.
national elections since1946 were held on Sunday June 12,2011, with 15 political parties anddozens o independent candidatesrunning or the 550 seats in thesingle chamber o the urkish GrandNational Assembly (BMM). O theindependent candidates who repre-sented Kurdish ethnic nationalists, 36seemed to have won parliamentary seats, which is more than enough orthem to establish a parliamentary group o the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP). Te governing conser- vative Justice and DevelopmentParty (AKP) has increased its voteshare rom 46.5 percent in 2007 to49.9 percent, yet its seat share in theurkish Grand National Assembly (BMM) seems to have allen rom341 to 326. Te AKP seems to be a ewseats short o the super majority o 60percent o the seats, which is requiredto pass a constitutional amendment.Te secular, social democratic Repub-lican People’s Party (CHP), which hada leadership change in May 2010, wasable to increase its vote share rom 20.8percent in 2007 to 25.9 percent and itsparliamentary seats rom 112 to 135.Finally, the urkish ethnic NationalistAction Party (MHP), which was hitby scandalous revelations o personal
Turkish Elections of June 12, 2011:Now What?
June 16, 2011
misconduct by some o its leadingcandidates that resulted in theirresignation, lost its vote share rom14.3 percent in 2007 to 13 percentand parliamentary seats rom 71 to53. Te participation rate in the 2011elections was 87 percent, and about95 percent o the electorate now has atleast a deputy representing them in theBMM.Tese results indicate that urkey maintained a moderate pluralist party system in structure in the BMM,consisting o the same our parties thatwere previously serving. However, it isstill dominated by a large but simplemajority (59 percent) o the leadingAKP, which has won the last threenational elections including 2011.It looks as i urkey is gearing up tobecome another example o predomi-nant party system soon, just like Japanunder the LDP rule rom 1955 until1993, or India rom 1947 till 1987under the Congress Party rule, orSweden rom the 1920s until the 1970sunder the Social Democrats. Tat said,the opposition CHP has also increasedits presence in the BMM and theKurdish ethnic nationalists have alsoreceived their highest share o theseats yet and have garnered 6.7 percento the national vote, while the MHP