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hUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

hUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

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Published by Jananee Rajagopalan

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Published by: Jananee Rajagopalan on Jun 16, 2011
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01/25/2013

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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX
ANTONY MICHAELINE PRAVEEN
 
CONTENTS
 
Human
develop
m
e
nt
i
n
dex
 
D
i
m
e
ns
io
ns
 
 
M
e
asur
e
m
e
nt
 
 
Human
develop
m
e
nt
 
r
epo
rt
2009
 
H
DI
 
tr
e
n
d
s
 
 
Human
pove
rty
i
n
 
I
n
di
a
 
 
Co
m
p
ar
i
s
o
ns
wi
th
i
n
co
untr
ie
s
 
 
The
Human
 
D
evelop
m
e
nt
 
I
n
dex
(
H
DI
) is a composite statistic used to rank countries by levelof "human development" and separate developed (high development), developing (middledevelopment), and underdeveloped (low development) countries. The statistic is composed fromdata on life expectancy, education and per-capita GDP (as an indicator of standard of living)collected at the national level using the formula
T
hr
ee di
m
e
ns
io
ns
i
n
 
th
e
H
DI
 
The HDI combines three dimensions:
y
 
L
ife expectancy at birth, as an index of population health and longevity
y
 
nowledge and education, as measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirdsweighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio(with one-third weighting).
y
 
S
tandard of living, as indicated by the natural logarithm of gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity.
M
e
asur
e
m
e
nt
 
The calculation of life existency is
LE
- 25 / 85-25
C
a
lc
u
l
at
e di
m
e
ns
io
n
i
n
dice
s.
 
These are calculatedusing the formula:
D
i
m
e
ns
io
n
 
I
n
dex =
a
c
tua
l v
a
l
u
e ± 
m
i
n
i
mum
v
a
l
u
e /
ma
xi
mum
v
a
l
u
e ± 
m
i
n
i
mum
v
a
l
u
e
E
ach difference in indicator value from its minimum is divided by its range (Max - Min), usingfixed values or goal posts in order to get unit free numbers. They also have the nice property of varying between 0 and 1.
Human
 
D
evelop
m
e
nt
Repo
rt
2009
 
I
n
di
a
 
T
h
e
Human
 
D
evelop
m
e
nt
 
I
n
dex - goi
n
g be
y
o
n
d i
n
co
m
e
E
ach year since 1990 the Human Development Report has published the human developmentindex (HDI) which looks beyond GDP to a broader definition of well-being. The HDI provides acomposite measure of three dimensions of human development: living a long and healthy life(measured by life expectancy), being educated (measured by adult literacy and gross enrolmentin education) and having a decent standard of living (measured by purchasing power parity, PPP,income). The index is not in any sense a comprehensive measure of human development. It doesnot, for example, include important indicators such as gender or income inequality nor moredifficult to measure concepts like respect for human rights and political freedoms. What it does

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