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Research Project

Research Project

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Published by beechy01
Your Research Project Guidelines June 2011
Your Research Project Guidelines June 2011

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Published by: beechy01 on Jun 16, 2011
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What is the experimental method of research?
Experimental researchers manipulate variables, randomlyassign participants to various conditions and seek to controlother influences.
 
What do I need to consider when doing experiments?
 
Experimental research in psychology involves defining aresearch problem, describing a hypothesis, describing theprocess to be followed, gathering data, analyzing the data,reporting the findings, and stating conclusions in relation tothe hypothesis.
 
Prepare your experiment in advance. Practice your procedure. Be sure that you have all of the materialsnecessary to conduct the experiment.
 
Permission to conduct research. Does the participant(s)know that you are conducting an experiment? Do you havetheir 
written
permission?
 
Is the experiment safe? Will the participants suffer anyphysical, mental or emotional anguish? If so, do not performthe experiment.
 
Discuss the experiment with your teacher. Your teacher will be able to guide and assist you to ensure that theexperimental procedure is correct, complete and valid.
 
Audiotape or videotape the experiment. This will help indata analysis, as well as provide some additional informationthat may be of value when interpreting the data.
 
What are the issues, or concerns in conductingexperiments?
 
Ethics of the experiment. Is the experiment appropriate?Is the experiment safe?
 
Bias. Did I “add” to the test results by presuming or 
 
assuming something that was not written about, spoken by or observed during the experiment?
 
Confidentiality. Be sure you have asked for their permission to be studied, and that they are aware of thepurpose and intended audience of the results of theexperiment.
 
What materials will I need?
 
Journal, note paper, writing materials
 
Tape recorder, videotape recorder 
 
List of materials needed, prepared beforehand
 
Written permission forms
 
Conduct Your Own Psychology Experiment (on alimited budget!)
 
In a group of three, design a simple experiment which studieshuman behavior. Refer to these characteristics of scientificstudy while you plan your experiment:
 
1.
 
You must be able to measure the behavior 
 
2.
 
You must remain objective (no bias or opinions allowed)
 
3.
 
You must be able to report the procedure in an organized& systematic manner 
 
FOLLOW THESE STEPS:The Experiment
 
1.
 
Brainstorm for ideas. What might be some possibleexperiments? Remember, keep it simple. Select the bestidea. (See list on the back of this sheet for ideas).
 
 
2.
 
State your hypothesis – usually stated in an “if-then” form.
 
3.
 
Outline the procedure you will use. Clearly state all stepsand instructions. Remember, you manipulate the independentvariables. Dependent variables or changes in behavior are aresult of or depend on the independent variables.
 
4.
 
Determine who will be participating in your experiment.Will you choose people at random or will you target certaingroups, ages, males, females or both? Consider using twogroups – a control group and an experimental group.
 
5.
 
Perform your experiment and collect your data.
 
6.
 
Analyze the data you have collected in detail. Do theresults of your experiment confirm your hypothesis?
 
7.
 
Finally, draw some general conclusions from your results.
 
The Written Component
 
Write up your experiment using the following headings:
 
1.
 
Hypothesis
 
2.
 
Materials Used
 
3.
 
Subjects Used
 
4.
 
Procedures
 
5.
 
Data Collected
 
6.
 
Data Analysis
 
7.
 
Conclusions
The Presentation
 
As a group, present your experiment findings to the rest of theclass. You are encouraged to do an in-class simulation or 

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