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EM 1110-2-4205

EM 1110-2-4205

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CECW-EEEngineer Manual1110-2-4205
Department of the Army
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Washington, DC 20314-1000
EM 1110-2-420530 June 1995Engineering and DesignHYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTSMECHANICAL DESIGN
Distribution Restriction Statement
Approved for public release; distribution isunlimited.
 
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
EM 1110-2-4205
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
CECW-EE
Washington, DC 20314-1000
ManualNo. 1110-2-4205 30 June 1995
Engineering and DesignHYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTSMECHANICAL DESIGN
1. Purpose.
The purpose of this manual is to provide guidance and criteria pertinent to the designand selection of hydroelectric power plant mechanical equipment and systems.
2. Applicability.
This manual is applicable to all HQUSACE elements, major subordinate commands,districts, laboratories, and separate field operating activities having responsibility for civil worksprojects.
3. General.
This manual discusses many items related to the planning and design of powerhousemechanical equipment and systems. It is not intended as a comprehensive, step-by-step solution topowerhouse mechanical design, but as an experience-oriented guide and a basis for resolvingdifferences of opinion among competent engineers at all levels.FOR THE COMMANDER:Colonel, Corps of EngineersChief of Staff This manual supersedes EM 1110-2-4205, dated 30 June 1980.
 
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
EM 1110-2-4205
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
CECW-EE
Washington, DC 20314-1000
ManualNo. 1110-2-4205 30 June 1995
Engineering and DesignHYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTSMECHANICAL DESIGN
Table of Contents
Subject Paragraph Page Subject Paragraph Page
Chapter 1Introduction
Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 1-1Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 1-1References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3 1-1Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4 1-1Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5 1-1Design Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6 1-1Other Design Information . . . . . . . . . 1-7 1-2Deviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8 1-2General Design Practices . . . . . . . . . . 1-9 1-2Safety Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10 1-2
Chapter 2Turbines and Pump Turbines
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 2-1Francis-Type Turbines . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 2-1Francis-Type Pump Turbines . . . . . . . 2-3 2-3Kaplan-Type Turbines . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 2-4
Chapter 3Generators and Motor-Generators
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3-1Turbine Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 3-1Handling Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 3-1Service Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4 3-1
Chapter 4Governors
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 4-1Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 4-1
Chapter 5Penstock Shutoff Valves at thePowerhouse
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1 5-1Valve Requirement . . . . . . . . . 5-2 5-1Valve Selection . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3 5-1
Chapter 6Cranes and Hoists
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1 6-1Cranes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 6-1Crane Lifting Accessories . . . . 6-3 6-6Hoists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4 6-8
Chapter 7Elevators
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1 7-1Justification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 7-1Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 7-1Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4 7-1Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 7-2Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6 7-2Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7 7-2Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8 7-2Procurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9 7-2
Chapter 8Engine-Generator Set
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1 8-1Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2 8-1Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3 8-1Exhaust Provisions . . . . . . . . . 8-4 8-1Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5 8-2Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6 8-2Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7 8-2
Chapter 9Maintenance Shop
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1 9-1Shop Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2 9-1
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