In textile wet processing the production sequence is pretreatment, dyeing, printing, and finishing. Sometimesmercerization is done additionally for cotton goods either as pretreatment process for dyed materials or as finishing process for white goods. Mercerization has great impact on luster, moisture regain, chemical and dye absorbency,dimensional stability, strength of cotton goods. In this project work, mercerization was done as a finishing processfor white cotton woven fabrics and observed its impact on brightness, moisture absorbency and strength. There areseveral factors are involved in mercerization which control the ultimate results of mercerization. During thisexperiment, some major mercerization parameters like temperature, alkali concentration and tension were varied,which play the vital role during mercerization. After mercerization, the brightness, strength and moisture absorbencyof the samples were measured and the results were evaluated in context to the variables. Finally the results obtainedin this project work were graphically represented and the impacts of the variables were observed.
To know the influences of mercerization parameters on mercerization effects.
To observe the different physical & chemical changes of cotton fabric after mercerization.
To determine the effect of tension, temperature and alkali conc. on moisture regain, strength, and brightness of cotton fabric.
To analyze the different results, compare them graphically & find out some relations among them.