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Project Report on Mercerization

Project Report on Mercerization

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Published by Saif Rahman

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Saif Rahman on Jun 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/29/2014

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1. INTRODUCTION
In textile wet processing the production sequence is pretreatment, dyeing, printing, and finishing. Sometimesmercerization is done additionally for cotton goods either as pretreatment process for dyed materials or as finishing process for white goods. Mercerization has great impact on luster, moisture regain, chemical and dye absorbency,dimensional stability, strength of cotton goods. In this project work, mercerization was done as a finishing processfor white cotton woven fabrics and observed its impact on brightness, moisture absorbency and strength. There areseveral factors are involved in mercerization which control the ultimate results of mercerization. During thisexperiment, some major mercerization parameters like temperature, alkali concentration and tension were varied,which play the vital role during mercerization. After mercerization, the brightness, strength and moisture absorbencyof the samples were measured and the results were evaluated in context to the variables. Finally the results obtainedin this project work were graphically represented and the impacts of the variables were observed.
1.1 objectives
To know the influences of mercerization parameters on mercerization effects.
To observe the different physical & chemical changes of cotton fabric after mercerization.
To determine the effect of tension, temperature and alkali conc. on moisture regain, strength, and brightness of cotton fabric.
To analyze the different results, compare them graphically & find out some relations among them.
 
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THEORETICAL PART 
 
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2. COTTON FIBRE
Cotton is the most important natural fibre and it accounts for about 50% of the total fibre production of the world.Cotton fibre is obtained from the seed of the botanical family Gossypium. It is a cellulosic fibre, which is actuallythe most pure natural form of cellulose.
2.1 Structure of cotton fibre
Microscopic examination of cotton fibres reveals that they are single cells with a closed up but open at the endwhere they were cut from the seed. They have the appearance of flat, twisted ribbons. This characteristic shapedevelops as the cotton fibres dry out and collapse in the open boll. The fibre cross-section has a bean shape andoften shows the presence of a central canal or lumen.The morphology of a cotton fibre is extremely complex. Each fibre is composed of different layers, cuticle, primarywall, secondary wall and a lumen.The
cuticle
, or outer cell wall, is relatively hydrophobic. It contains some cellulose but accompanied by fats andwaxes. It will be broken and more or less removed during processing to render the fibres more water absorbent.

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