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How to Write a Research Paper Overview

How to Write a Research Paper Overview

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Published by Sergei Kirillov

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Published by: Sergei Kirillov on Jun 17, 2011
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11/12/2012

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Writingisaprocessofcreating,organizing,writing,andpolishing.Inthefirststepoftheprocess,youcreateideas.Inthesecondstep,youorganizetheideas.Inthethirdstep,youwritearoughdraft.Inthefinalstep,youpolishyourroughdraftbyeditingitandmakingrevisions.
Creating
Thefirststepinthewritingprocessistochooseatopicandcollectinformationaboutit.Thisstepisoftencalledprewritingbecauseyoudothestep
before
youstartwriting.
Choosin
Forsomewritingassignments,youdonotchooseyourowntopicbecauseyourteacheroryourbosstellsyouwhattowriteabout.Whenyoudochooseyourowntopic,however,herearetwotipsformakingagoodchoice.
Topic
shouldinterestyou
Chooseatopicthatinterestsyou.Itisalwayseasiertowriteaboutasubjectthatyouenjoy.Ifyouaren'tsurewhatyouareinterestedin,payattentiontowhatkindsofnewspaperandmagazinearticlesyouread.Doyoureyesstopatstoriesaboutnewdiscoveriesinscience?Doyouturnimmediatelytothetravelorentertainmentsectionsofthenewspaper?IfyouspendtimewatchingtelevisionorexploringtheInternet,whatcapturesyourinterestwhenyouareflippingthroughTVchannelsorsurfingtheNet?Payingattentiontoyourhabitsmayhelpyoudiscovergoodtopicstowriteabout.
.
~
 
,.
256
Creating
Topicsizeshouldfitassignment
Chooseatopicsmallenoughfortheassignment.Acommonmistakeofbeginningwritersistochooseatopicthatistoobig.Whenyouchooseatopicthatistoobig,youaren'tabletoexplainitcompletely.Youareonlyabletodiscussitverygenerally,withoutthedetailsthatmakewritinginformativeandinterestingtoreaders.Ifyourassignmentistowriteaone-pageparagraph,don'tchoose"Sports"asyourtopic.Don'tevenchoose"Basketball"or"NBABasketballStars"or"ShaquilleO'Neal."Foraone-pageparagraph,youmightwriteaboutoneaspectofShaq'sgame,suchashisearlydifficultymakingfreethrows.IfyourassignmentistowriteaISOO-wordessay(aboutfourdouble-spacedtypewrittenpages),youmightwriteabouttwoorthreeaspectsofShaq'sbasketballskillsandhiseffectonthegame.IfyourassignmentistowriteaIS-pageresearchpaper,youcouldwriteevenmoreaboutShaq,Youcouldwriteabouthischildhood,familylife,basketballtraining,businessinterests,andsoon.Ifyourassignmentistowritea300-pagebook,youcouldwriteaboutthehistoryofbasketball!
Collectin
informationanddeveloideas
Thereareseveralwaystocollectinformationanddevelopideas.Forsomewritingtasks,youwillneedtogotooutsidesourcessuchasnewspapers,magazines,librarybooks,ortheInternet.Forotherassignments,youcaninterviewfriends,classmates,andneighborstogettheirideasandopinions.Forstillotherwritingtasks,youcansearchyourownbrainandlifeexperiencesforideas.Fourusefultechniquesforexploringwithinyourselfare:JournalwritingFreewritingListingClustering
Journal
writing
Journalwritingisonewaytogetanddevelopideas.Ajournalisacollectionofpersonalwriting.Inajournal,youcanrecordyourdailyexperiences.Youcanwritedownquotationsthataremeaningfultoyou.Youmightwriteaboutadreamthatyouhad.Youcanwriteonesentenceorseveralpages.Theadvantageofwritingajournalisthatyouarewritingonlyforyourself.Youcanwriteyourthoughtsandexploreideaswithoutworryingwhatotherpeoplewillthink.Apersonaljournalcanbeaveryrichsourceofideas.
 
Creating
J
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%aaywasagooaaay.
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I
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that.
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people
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umere
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I
et
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ofansweringtliesamequestionsa[[tfietime.:May6etfiey(Jlmericans)arerea[ryinterested,ormaubetlieyarejusttryingtobejrienary,butquestionsaboutmy6act<;grounamakemefee!
that
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canpracticespeahng'Eng[isfi
uiith.
lier.
Freewriting
Freewritingisatechniqueinwhichyouwriteononetopicnonstopforaspecifiedperiodoftime.Writesentencesaboutwhateverideascomeintoyourmindwhileyouarethinkingaboutthetopic.Don'tstoptothinkaboutgrammarorspelling.Justkeepmovingyourpencilacrossthepageoryourfingersonthecomputerkeyboard.Attheendofthespecifiedtime,stop.Readwhatyouhavewrittenandmarkanykeywordsorphrasesthatmightsparkmoreideas.Thenbeginfreewritingagainaboutthesekeywords.Youmayhavetopracticethistechniqueafewtimesbeforeideasfloweasily,butwithpractice,itwillhappen.Youmaybesurprisedatthenumberofideasthatwillpourout.
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