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takind part in cancer treatment

takind part in cancer treatment

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Published by FarCib

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Published by: FarCib on Sep 11, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/24/2014

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       N     a       t       i     o     n     a       l        C     a     n     c     e     r       I     n     s       t       i       t     u       t     e
Taking Part in CancerTreatmentResearchStudies
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICESNational Institutes of Health
 
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This booklet is for people with cancer, their family, and friends. Taking Part in Cancer TreatmentResearch Studies
Ifyou have cancer,you may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial.Clinical trials are atreatment option for many people with cancer.This book explains cancer treatment clinical trialsand gives you some things to think about whendeciding whether to take part.
Inside This Booklet
What Are Clinical Trials?...........................................2Clinical Trials TakePlacein Phases...........................3Clinical Trials Follow Strict Guidelines.....................4Who Can Join a Clinical Trial?..................................5Randomization...........................................................6Patient Protection.......................................................8Deciding to Take Part in Clinical Trials..................12Questions to Ask.......................................................14How to Find Clinical Trials......................................15
 
Clinical trials take place in phases.
For a treatment to become part ofstandard treatment,itmust first go through 3 or 4 clinical trial phases.You do nothave to take part in all phases.The early phases make sure thetreatment is safe.Later phases show ifit works better thanthe standardtreatment.
What are clinical trials?
Clinical trials are research studies that involve people.They are the final step in a long process that begins with researchin a lab and animal testing.Many treatments used today arethe result ofpast clinical trials.In cancer research,clinical trials are designed to answerquestions about new ways to:
Treat cancer
Find and diagnose cancer
Prevent cancer
Manage symptoms ofcancer or its treatmentThis bookletwillfocus on cancer treatment studies.Thesestudies are designed to answer questions about new treatments or new ways ofusing an old treatment and how wellthey work.These trials test many types oftreatments,such as new:
Drugsorvaccines
Ways to do surgery or give radiation therapy 
Combinations oftreatments
Many treatments used today are the resultsofpastclinical trials.
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Phase IPhase IIPhase IIIPhase IV
Number of peoplewho take part
15–30 peopleLessthan 100 peopleFrom 100 tothousands of peopleSeveral hundred toseveral thousandpeople
Purpose
To find a safe doseTo decide how the new treatmentshould be givenTosee how the new treatmentaffects the human bodyTo determine if the new treatmenthas an effect on a certain cancerTo see how the new treatmentaffects the human bodyTo compare the new treatment (or new use of a treatment) withthe current standard treatmentTo further assess the long-termsafety and effectiveness of a new treatment

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