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PREPOZITIA

PREPOZITIA

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Published by: fasolăi on Jun 17, 2011
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06/17/2011

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PREPOZITIA
Este de trei feluri:- de loc- de miscare- de timp
1. Prepozitia de loc
Se foloseste cu
verbe statice
: to be/to stay/to exist/to stand, etc.
in
 – in, la, pentru
spatii mari
Ex: I live
in
Bucharest.
at
 – in, la, pentru
spatii reduse
Ex: I live
at 
Sinaia.
within
in cadrul, pentru suprafete restranse
Ex: A lot of words have been said within these walls.
against
 – rezemat Ex: The man is against the wall.impotriva Ex: We are against them.
on
– pe (pozitia pe o suprafata) Ex: The book is on the table.Pentru apropiere:
-
imediata:
next to
,
close to
,
beside
-
apropiere:
near 
,
near by
,
by
Pozitia pe verticala:
over 
– deasupra
under 
dedesubt (
fara raportare
 
la un punct fix
)
above
– deasupra
below
dedesubt (
cu raportare la un punct fix
)Ex: above zero, below the water level
underneath
– punctul cel mai de jos
on top of 
punctul cel mai de sus(prin atingere)Ex: The green book is underneath. (este cea mai de jos carte)Pozitia pe orizontala:
in front of 
– in fata
behind
in spate (pentru
lucruri
pentru a indica
pozitia
)Ex: The tree is in front of the house.
after 
– dupa
before
inainte (pentru
oameni
, pentru a indica
ordinea
)Ex: I’m before you at the queue.(to queue = a se aseza la coada)
between
– intre 2
among
– printre (mai mult de 2)
2. Prepozitia de miscare
 
se foloseste
numai cu verbe de miscareto
 – la, catre (pp atingerea punctului) Ex: I go
to
school.
towards
la, catre (nu pp atingerea punctului) Ex: I go
towards
office.
Into
 – in (pp patrunderea intr-un spatiu) Ex: Put the bag
into
the house.
Onto
 – pe (pp miscarea pe o suprafata orizontala;se pune “on”daca sta)The cat is running
onto
the floor.
along
 – de-a lungul (pp miscarea pe o suprafata plana si lunga) Ex: I’m walking
along 
the beech.
through
– prin (pp
traversare si patrundere
) Ex: I walk
through
the park.
across
traversare (nu si patrundere)
Ex: I run
across
the street.
about
prin (arata o miscare nedefinita) Ex: I walk
about 
town (prin oras, fara un tel precis)
around
in jurul (pp o miscare circulara) Ex: I dance
around 
the fire.
out of 
 – pp iesirea dintr-un volum Ex: Get
out of 
my house.
off 
 – pp desprinderea de o suprafata Ex: The plane takes
off 
.
up-and-down
– in sus si in jos pe un plan vertical Ex: The children run up-and-down the stairs.
from
de la, de pe, din Ex: Take it
from
my bag.
past
langa (pp apropierea imediata prin miscare
)Ex: I drive past the university (si nu
near the university! 
, pt ca sunt in miscare)
3. Prepozitia de timp
in
– pentru
ani
,
lunile anului
,
anotimpuri
,
perioade ale vietii
(in my childhood),
in anumite momente ale zilei
(in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening)
at 
 – pentru
ora
(at 10 o’clock),
in anumite momente ale zilei
(at noon, at midday, at midnight, at dusk),pentru
varsta
(at the age of 15),
mesele zilei
(at lunch time),
cu week-end
(at the week-end) si in
sarbatori
(at Christmas)
on
– cu
zilele saptamanii
(on Sunday),
data
(on the 15
th
of June) si
sarbatorile
(on Christmas day – cand este vorba de ziua de Craciun, nu de toata perioada)
before
si
after  
 – inainte si dupa,
cu raportare la un punct fixby
nu mai tarziu de Ex: Try to arrive by ten.
 during
– in timpul
over 
in timpul, dar pe perioade scurte
Ex: Read it over the week-end.
throughout / althrough
– de-a lungul, dar pe o prioada lunga de timp Ex: Althrough the years.
Diferentiere intre prepozitiiin timeon time
cu ceva timp inaintela fix

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