Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
VERBUL

VERBUL

Ratings: (0)|Views: 74 |Likes:
Published by fasolăi

More info:

Published by: fasolăi on Jun 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/31/2012

pdf

text

original

 
VERBUL
Are 3 categorii:A.AuxiliareB.ModaleC.Restul
A. Verbele auxiliare
(
to be
si
to have
)1.Sunt verbe deosebit de puternice2.Au forme distincte pt. prezent si trecut3.Intra in alcatuirea altor timpuri verbale:
-
to be
la toate formele de continuu
-
to have
la toate timpurile perfecte
4.
Nu-si pot forma participiul nedefinit (forma in “
ing 
”) cu exceptia situatiei cand verbul“to have” pierde sensul de a avea, a poseda si intra in alcatuirea alocutiunilor 
verbale (to have a bath, to have a shower, to have a rest, to have talk, to have awalk, to have lunch
).5.Isi fac singure interogativul prin inversarea cu subiectul
6.
Isi fac negativul prin adaugarea negatiei “
not 
7.Isi fac singure intrebarea disjunctiva si raspunsul scurtEx: He has a car. Hasn’t he? Yes, he has.8.Trecutul verbelor auxiliarePt.
to be
was
la pers I si a II-a singular,
were
pt. toate celelaltePt.
to have
had 
B. Verbele modale
1.Verbe puternice2.Au forme distincte pt. prezent si trecut
3.
Nu au infinitiv lung (adica cu
to
in fata)Ex: I can (fara
to
) go4.Nu permit dupa ele verbe la infinitiv lung5.Nu apar niciodata singure, cu exceptia raspunsului scurt
6.
Nu pot avea forma in “
ing 
7.Nu isi pot forma toate timpurile8.Au inlocuitori9.Isi fac interogativul prin inversare cu subiectul
10.
Isi fac negativul prin adaugarea negatiei “
not 
11.Isi fac singure intrebarea disjuncta si raspunsul scurt
CAN
1. Can
 
= pot ca abilitate (1) fizica si (2) mentala.Ex: (1) I
can
speak English.(2) I
can
do this job.2. Se mai poate folosi cu verbe de perceptie atunci cand sugerez o actiune ce sedesfasoara in momentul vorbirii.Ex: I
can see
the plane. (
!
si nu
I am seeing 
)
 
3. Pentru a exprima posibilitatea cand exista o circumstanta in acest sensEx: We
can
go to the theatre if my friends come.4. Pentru a exprima o cerere politicoasaEx:
Can
you help me please?5. Pentru a exprima o imposibilitateEx:
Can
Carmen make such a thing?6. La negativ are doua forme:
can’t 
si
cannot 
(
!
nu exista “can not”)7. La trecutCan+have+participiu trecutprecum si
could 
mai mult pt conditionalEx: I can have done it.I could do it.8. Inlocuitori:
to be able to
,
to be capable to
MAY
1. = pot, am permisiunea, mi se da voie; (In toate cazurile depind de altcineva)Ex:
May 
I open the window?2. Exprimarea improbabilitatiiEx: It may rain.3. Exprimarea unei interdictiiEx: People may not bring dogs into the hotel.4. Exprimarea unei urariEx: May all your dreams come true.5. Dupa verbele
“to hope” 
si
“to trust” 
Ex:
I hope
you
may 
find tickets for the cinema.6. La forma negativa are doar forma “
may not” 
(nu exista forma contrasa mayn’t)7. La trecut are forma may
have+participiu trecut 
si “
might” 
– mai ales pt conditional.8. Inlocuitori:
“to be allowed to” 
,
“to be permitted to” 
MUST
1.= trebuie, arata obligativitateaEx: I
must 
go now.2.Arata o deductie logica
 
Ex: As she left at four she
must 
be at home now.
3.
Negativ:
mustn’t 
(nu trebuie),
needn’t 
(nu este necesar).4. Trecut:
must + have
+ participiu trecut si
had to.
5. Inlocuitori:
to have to, to be obliged to, to be compelled to
(toate = a fi obligat)6. Diferenta dintre
must 
si
have to
.
Must 
=> arata obligativitatea din punctul meu de vedere;
Have to
=> arata obligativitatea impusa de altii.Ex: I
must 
go now.I
have to
wear uniform.
NEED
1. Are 2 valori: (a) verb lexical, (b) verb modal.(a)Verb lexical - este un verb regulatEx: I
need 
a new car. Do I
need 
a new car?(b)Verb modal – se foloseste numai in propozitii interogative si negative.Ex:
Need 
she get up early?She
needn’t 
go there.
!
Totusi
“need” 
se poate intalni si in afirmative ca modal – propozitii in care exista deregula
never, hardly,
 
barely, scarcely 
Ex: He
hardly 
 
need 
mention his name.2. Exista 2 constructii cu
“need” 
considerate arhaice.a)Must needsEx: I must needs see your teacher.b)Needs must – sugereaza ideea de sarcasmEx: She needs must bring me now when I have …
OUGHT TO
1.Arata obligativitatea morala de a-si face datoriaEx: I ought to go (nu are acelasi nuanta cu “must”)
2.
Daca e urmat de
have
si verb la participiul trecut exprima o datorie care s-a indeplinitEx: You ought to
have waited 
till 2 o’clock.3. Nu are forma de sine statatoare de trecut. Se formeaza din:

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->