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The arts

The arts

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Published by: Kouassi Martinese Paraiso on Jun 17, 2011
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The arts
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected fromArts)Jump to: navigation,search 
This article is about Arts as a group of disciplines. For the philosophical concept of art, see Art .For other uses, see  Art (disambiguation).
The arts
are a vast subdivision of  culture, composed of many creative endeavors and disciplines. It is a broader term than "
," which as a description of a field usually meansonly thevisual arts.
 
The arts
This list is by no means comprehensive, butonly meant to introduce the concept of the arts.Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
Contents
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[edit] Definition
A good definition of 
the arts
is given by the Free Dictionary as "imaginative, creative, andnonscientific branches of knowledge considered collectively, esp. as studied academically."
The singular term
art 
is defined by theIrish Art Encyclopediaas follows: "Art is createdwhen an artist creates a beautiful object, or produces a stimulating experience that isconsidered by his audience to have artistic merit."
So, one could conclude that
art 
is the process that leads to a product (the artwork or piece of art), which is then examined andanalyzed by experts in the field of 
the arts
or simply enjoyed by those who appreciate
thearts.
The same source states:Art is a global activity which encompasses a host of disciplines, as evidenced by the range of words and phrases which have been invented to describe its various forms. Examples of such phraseology include:
 Fine Arts
,
 Liberal Arts
,
Visual Arts
,
 Decorative Arts
,
 Applied Arts
,
 Design
,
Crafts
,
 Performing Arts
, and so on.The term
art 
commonly refers to the "Visual Arts," as an abbreviation of 
creative art 
or 
 fineart 
. For example, the
 is described as "the history of the visual arts of painting,sculpture and architecture. It is the history of one of the fine arts, others of which are the performing arts and literature. It is also one of the humanities. The term sometimesencompasses theory of the visual arts, including aesthetics." In the article for 
,weread:Confusion often occurs when people mistakenly refer to the Fine Arts but mean thePerforming Arts (Music, Dance, Drama, etc.). However, there is some disagreement here:e.g., at York University (Toronto, Canada) Fine Arts is a faculty that includes the [visual arts],design and the "Performing Arts".
Furthermore, creative writing is frequently considered afine art as well.To illustrate the previous statements, the College of Fine Arts at Stephen F. Austin StateUniversity (Nacogdoches, TX) consists of the Schools of "Art, Music and Theatre,"
whileone of theBachelor of Fine Arts degrees at theUniversity of British Columbiais attached to the Creative Writing Program.
More work will be required to standardize the use of the terms "art" and "fine art," but for the purpose of this article the definition of "the arts" is not problematic, because it includes all thearts. One artist has even suggested that "[it] would really simplify matters if we could all juststick with visual, auditory, performance or literary - when we speak of The Arts - andeliminate "Fine" altogether."
[edit] History
 
For all intents and purposes, the history of the arts begins with the
, as dealt withelsewhere. Furthermore, the history of the Performing Arts and Literature have beendescribed in other articles --(
Please see
:Outline of performing arts;History of literature). Some examples of creative art through the ages can be summarized here, as excerpted fromthe history of art. Ancient Greek art saw the veneration of the animal form and the development of equivalentskills to show musculature, poise, beauty and anatomically correct proportions.AncientRomanart depicted gods as idealized humans, shown with characteristic distinguishingfeatures (i.e. Zeus' thunderbolt). InByzantineandGothic art of theMiddle Ages, the dominance of the church insisted on the expression of biblical and not material truths.Eastern art has generally worked in a style akin to Western medieval art, namely aconcentration on surface patterning and local colour (meaning the plain colour of an object,such as basic red for a red robe, rather than the modulations of that colour brought about bylight, shade and reflection). A characteristic of this style is that the local colour is oftendefined by an outline (a contemporary equivalent is the cartoon). This is evident in, for example, the art of India, TibetandJapan. An artist's  paletteReligiousIslamic art forbids iconography, and expresses religious ideas through geometry instead.The physical and rational certainties depicted by the 19th-century Enlightenment wereshattered not only by new discoveries of relativity byEinstein [1]and of unseen psychology  byFreud,[2]but also by unprecedented technological development. Paradoxically the expressions of new technologies were greatly influenced by the ancient tribal arts of Africaand Oceania, through the works of Paul Gauguin and the Post-Impressionists, Pablo Picassoand the Cubists, as well as the Futurists and others.By Arun
[edit] The various arts
In the Middle Ages,
(liberal arts) taught inmedievaluniversities as part of theTrivium:(grammar ,rhetoric,and logic) and the Quadrivium(arithmetic,geometry, music, andastronomy), and the
(mechanical arts) such asmetalworking, farming, cooking, business and the making of clothes or cloth. The modern distinctions between"artistic" and non-artistic skills did not develop until theRenaissance.

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