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Denzinger Sources of Catholic Dogma

Denzinger Sources of Catholic Dogma

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Published by: Jim Benghazi Mitchell on Jun 18, 2011
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Denzinger: The Sources of Catholic Dogma
Most Ancient Forms of the Apostolic Creed1 THE creed which is called Apostolic is composed essentially of (1) a Trinitarian part, three articlesprofessing faith in three divine persons; (2) a Christological part which was added to the first section.There are extant, however, certain formulae composed in the manner of creeds, but lacking theChristological part. These formulae seem to be more ancient than the Apostolic Creed. An achristologicalformula of this kind which seems to be the most ancient of all-exists in a work infected with Gnosticismwritten between the years 150 and 180, Testamentum in Galilaea D.N.I. Christi (or in an almost identicalwork Gesprache Jesu mit seinen Jungern nach der Auferstehung) where the short Creed (reads):"[I believe] in the Father almighty,--and in Jesus Christ, our Savior; --and in the Holy Spirit, the Paraclete,in the holy Church, and in the remission of sins."Another achristological formula, perhaps already used in the liturgy of Egypt probably in the third century,is shown by a papyrus discovered in Der-Balyzeh, written in the seventh or eighth century (cf. Dict.d'Archeol. chret. et de Lit. s.v. Canon, II, 2, 1882 ff.):"I believe in God almighty;--and in his only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ;--and in the Holy Spiritand in the resurrection of the body <in> the holy Catholic Church."The More Ancient Western Form of the Apostolic Creed[Called Roman (R)]SourcesA. [The following]show at least elements of some Creed or a ruleof faith or questions in common use at baptism:ST. JUSTIN MARTYR, martyred 167.-Apology I and II; Dial. c. Tryph. [MG 6, 328 pp.]--A twofold form,western and eastern can be conjectured with some probability; therefore, a comparison will be made below [n. 8].ST. IRENAEUS, died 202, bishop of Lyons.--Adv. haer. 1, 10, 1; 3, 4, 1 and 2; 16, 5 (which are the chief 
places) [MG 7, 549 A 855 B 924 B]. He shows (1, 10, 1) almost all the elements of the Roman creed as afaith which the Church received from the apostles and their disciples (1, 10, 1).- (Greek text deleted)C.3 and6. [Karapat Ter-Mekerttschian und Erwand Ter-Minassiantz,Des hl. Irenaus Schrift zum Erweise derapostolischen Verkundigung (Texte und Untersuchungen, Harnack-Schmidt XXXI, I) Leipzig: 1907].ST. HI PPOLYTUS, died 235, Roman presbyter. — Paradosis--Heshows the baptismal creed by means of questions from "You believe in Jesus Christ . . ." [H. Elfers, Die Kirchenordnung Hippolyts von Rom,1938,321. E. Hauler, Didasc. apost. fragm., Veron. 1900, 110 f., L 10 f. R.-H. Connolly, The so called EgyptianChurch Order and derived documents, 1916].TERTULLIAN, died after 225 (probably in 240), perhaps a presbyter in Carthage.--De praescr. haer.13,De virg. vel. I; De carne Chr. 20; Adv. Prax.2[ML2, 26B 88 B 785B 856B]. He says that the church at Carthagereceived the rule of faith from the church at Rome (De praescr. haer. 36)and that it was common to theapostolic churches; (l.c. 21) the form of the creed was somewhat fixed.ORIGEN, died 254, presbyter at Alexandria.--Deprincip. I,praef. 4et 5[MG 11, 117 A]. He has a rule of faithsimilar to the creed.CANONES HIPPOLYTI, of uncertain date (Some 200-235, others about 500) [Achelis, DiealtestenQuellendes oriental Kirchenrects I 38 (Texte und Untersuchungen, Gebhardt-Harnack VI) Leipzig: 1891].-They contain questions. Text[According to the Psalter of Rufinus (The Roman form)]2 1. I believe in God, the Father almighty;2. and in Christ Jesus, His only-begotten Son, our Lord,3. who was born of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary,4. a. was crucified by Pontius Pilate, and was buried;b.5. the third day He arose again from the dead;6. a. He ascended into heaven,
b. sits at the right hand of the Father,7. whence He is coming to judge the living and the dead;8. and in the Holy Spirit,9. a. the holy [Church,]b.10. a.b. the forgiveness of sins,11. the resurrection of the body. Amen.[According to the Psalter of Aethelstane]1. I believe in God the Father almighty 2. and in Christ Jesus, His only begotten Son, our Lord3. born of the Holy Spirit and Mary the virgin4. a. was crucified by Pontius Pilate and was buriedb.5. the third day He arose again from the dead6. a. He ascended into heavenb. sits at the right hand of the Father7. whence He is coming to judge the living and the dead8. and in the Holy Spirit9. a. the holy [Church]

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