Running head: THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF TELEVISION ON SMALL CHILDREN 3
Television and its negative consequences on small children
or many years in the United States television has been used as a way of entertainment, away to learn new things, explore the world, and learn about other cultures. ³In the UnitedStates,children watch television approximately for an average of three to four hours a day. By thetime they reach high school, they will have watched more television than the time to be spent inschool.´ (para. 1). The content and the excessive time spent in front a TV in early childhoodhavenegative effects later on.Everything in life needs to have a balance and television should not be an exception.There are so many negative outcomes on babies, toddlers and preschoolerswho watch TV for several hours and negative content, and some ofthe areas that will be affected are, the children¶shealth, behavioral problems, his or her academic achievement, and play time. Tara (2010) said³Toddlers who watch a lot of television were more likely to experience a range of problems bythe fourth grade, including lower grades, poorer health and more problems with school bullies´.(para.1).
n the other hand there is the side that claims that television is good asfacilitator and good for language development. Rice &Woodsmall,argued that ³children canlearn words or vocabulary from viewing educational programing, but TV viewing does notfacilitate the development of grammar, and there was nothing to indicate that TV could ever replace natural language input in teaching children language´. (As cited in Evra, 2004, p.58). Ingeneral the negative effects are more than the positive ones according to the researchesthenegative effects are very harmful for kids for are exposed before age two.In the first place TV and its negative content also affect a child¶s behavior. Childrenmimic what they see on television, and there are many negative values that are being through TV