Earth and Planetary Science Letters,
110 (1992) 173-191 173Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam[CH]
Repeated thermal resetting of phengites in the MulhacenComplex (Betic Zone, southeastern Spain) shown by
step heating and single grain laser probe dating
Koen de Jong
Jan R. Wijbrans b and Gilbert F6raud
a Structural Geology and Tectonics Department, Institute of Earth Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085,1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlandsb Laboratory for Isotope Geology, Institute of Earth Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HVAmsterdam,The Netherlandsc Institut de Gdodynamique, URA CNRS 1279, Universit~ de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 06034 Nice C~dex, France
Received October 9, 1991; revision accepted March 2, 1992ABSTRACTThis study reports the results of the first 4°Ar/39mr combined induction furnace and laser probe dating of phengitesfrom the Mulhacen HP/LT metamorphic complex in the Betic Cordilleras, southern Spain. Laser step heating and spotfusion analyses on different halves of a split single grain were made with a continuous laser probe. Spot fusion analysisresulted in ages of about 30-31 Ma in the core and ages as low as 25-26 Ma in the rim. Laser step heating on the other halfof the grain gave a spectrum with apparent ages increasing from about 25 Ma to 29.5 Ma. The age spectrum and thedecreasing ages towards the rim of the grain may imply that resetting essentially occurred by volume diffusion of radiogenic4°Ar due to late stage reheating resulting from extensional tectonics. Ages around 30 Ma in the core of the grain areinterpreted as minimum estimates of the cooling age of the main tectono-metamorphic phase D 2.Induction furnace step heating on phengite separates from mica schists and one gneiss resulted in two types of agespectra. Type I spectra show monotonously rising apparent ages from 14.5 + 1.9 Ma to 20.7 + 0.2 Ma, and in a secondsample from 16.9 + 0.7 to 29.7 + 0.2 Ma. Type II spectra are characterized by plateaus of 14.4 + 0.1 Ma (the gneiss sample),17.3 + 0.1 Ma and 17.6 _+ 0.1 Ma. Type II spectra show low temperature apparent ages significantly below the plateau age,implying resetting subsequent to initial cooling. Modelling of the age spectra demonstrated that the plateau ages are possiblythe result of strong resetting (75-85% of argon loss) of an older isotope system. Total fusion of a number of phengite singlegrains from marbles taken close to type II mica schists yielded ages of 15.4 ___1.2 Ma and 17.0 + 0.7 Ma. The observedrepeated resetting is coeval with major volcanic activity in basins adjacent to the metamorphic ranges, pointing to a resettingby advective fluid transport related to volcanism.
This paper reports
step heating,laser step heating and spot fusion study of phen-gites from the Mulhacen Complex in the meta-morphic Internal Zone of the Betic Cordilleras insoutheastern Spain (Fig. 1). The
path of theMulhacen Complex is well constrained [1-5], dis-playing the essential features of the tectonic
Correspondence to: Koen de Jong, Institut de G6odynamique,URA CNRS 1279, Universit6 de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 06034Nice C6dex, France
lution of the Betic Zone: high pressure/low tem-perature metamorphism related to early Alpinesubduction followed by reheating due to Tertiaryextensional tectonism [2-4]. The chronology ofthe metamorphism in this complex is, however,far less well constrained. The only data on theage of metamorphism published thusfar are micaK-Ar and Rb-Sr ages in the range 10-15.5 Ma[6,7], 4°Ar/39Ar mica ages around 16,5 Ma, and4°Ar/39Ar amphibole ages of about 25 and 48.5Ma . In addition, conventional K-Ar tourma-line ages between 115 and 80 Ma  and4°Ar/39Ar tourmaline reference lines with agesbetween 89 and 52 Ma [4,9] have been obtained.
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