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Handbook

Handbook

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Published by ABID H

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Published by: ABID H on Sep 11, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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AmateurPlant BreedersHandbook(2004)
 Raoul A. Robinson
ISBN 0-9731816-2-1
 
This guide is intended for amateur plant breeders, usually members of a plant breeding club, whoneed a quick reference to terms that they may encounter in the course of conversation or reading. For readers who enjoy browsing, the guide should also be a source of information for anyone wanting to getaway from the modern prejudices that favour single-genes, genetic engineering, and crop protectionchemicals. It is also a guide for organic farmers, and for those interested in sustainable agriculture, purefood, and a healthy lifestyle.
 
Although hard copy of this book is easily printed, the electronic version is recommended for itslinks. Clicking on any link will take you immediately to its main reference, and the ‘back’ button willtake you back to your original reading. Hypertext makes browsing both easy and interesting.
 
Readers requiring more technical detail are referred to
Self-Organising Agro-Ecosystems
, availableas shareware at
. Readers contemplating a plant breeding club are referred to
 Returnto Resistance
, also available at this site, and to the author’s website,
. Other  books are listed in the
at the end of the present work.
Copyright Notice
Any person, library, or organisation may download, print, or photocopy this book for purposes of  private study, and do so free of legal or financial liability. However this book is copyrighted, and it maynot be reproduced in any form for purposes of financial gain. If a copy is being given to a third person, itmust contain this copyright notice without alteration.This book is shareware. Any person, library, or organisation may make an entirely voluntarycontribution of any amount by way of compensation to the author. To make such a contributionelectronically, go to
, or mail a payment, specifying this book, to:ShareBooks Donations445 Provost LaneFergus OntarioCanada N1M 2N3
 
A
Abaca
Abelmoschus esculentus 
Okra, previously called
 Hibiscus esculentus
. This is anannualcrop grown for its fruits that arecooked and eaten as a green vegetable. There has been considerablehybridisationwith wild speciesand there is much genetic variation. Scope for amateur breedersworking withhorizontal resistance.
Abscission
The discarding of plant organs, such as leaves of deciduoustrees in the autumn.
Acaricide
See:Miticide.
Acidity
See: pH.
Acre
A measure of land area. One acre is 4840 square yards, or 0.405hectare.
Acropetal
Growing upwards so that the oldest parts are at the base and the youngest at the tip.
Adlay
Adult plant resistance
 
resistancein many crops, particularly thecereals, is often expressed more in mature  plants, and less in young seedlings. This is to be expected because theepidemicintensifies as thegrowing season progresses. For this reason, horizontal resistance is often called adult plant resistanceand, by implication, it is more difficult to observe it, measure it, or screen for it, in young plants.
Aerobic
Living conditions in which there is a plentiful supply of oxygen. Organisms which require oxygen arelabelled as aerobic organisms, or aerobes. The converse, meaning without oxygen, isanaerobic.

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