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Political Expediency May Forfeit Reform in Somalia

Political Expediency May Forfeit Reform in Somalia

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The worst thing that could happen to Somalia at this critical juncture—in its recovery from two decades of bloodshed and chaos— is to disrupt the momentum of security improvement and to derail the reformation process lead by Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed and his cabinet. And that is exactly what the Kampala Accord has inadvertently done.
The worst thing that could happen to Somalia at this critical juncture—in its recovery from two decades of bloodshed and chaos— is to disrupt the momentum of security improvement and to derail the reformation process lead by Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed and his cabinet. And that is exactly what the Kampala Accord has inadvertently done.

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Published by: Journal of Foreign Relations on Jun 18, 2011
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Political Expediency May Forfeit Reform in Somalia
Posted on 16. Jun, 2011 byAbukar ArmaninAfrica ,Latest ,The Morningside Post The worst thing that could happen to Somalia at this critical juncture—in its recoveryfrom two decades of bloodshed and chaos— is to disrupt the momentum of securityimprovement and to derail the reformation process lead by Prime Minister MohamedAbdullahi Mohamed and his cabinet. And that is exactly what the Kampala Accordhas inadvertently done.But, who would have ever thought that the torpedo factor would come in the form of anaccord, its inadvertent nature notwithstanding!The Kampala Accord is the byproduct of the International Contact Group for Somalia’s19th meeting held in Kampala, Uganda. On one hand, the accord endorses a one yearextension to all the Transitional Federal Institutions and endorses the postponement of elections from this August to August 2012; on the other hand, it forces the PrimeMinister and his government out.Accordingto the accord,the Prime Minister would resign within 30 days and the President would select a new Prime Minster.This portion of the accord is what has caused profound public outrage in Somalia andin the Diaspora as well as in refugee camps in Kenya.Immediately after the controversial accord became public, thousands of civilians fromall walks of life and hundreds of members of the armed forces took their outrage tothe streets. While, by and large, the protests were peaceful, some resorted to throwingstones at the hospitality compounds where some parliament members were residing,thus causing clashes between the protesters and the resident security that ultimatelyresulted the tragic death of some protesters.
 
So, if the accord is not in accordance with the will of the people, who does it benefit?While the accord was not deliberately intended for that purpose, indeed there arecertain beneficiaries.First: The anti-reform agents and anarchists. This group includes a network of powerful profiteers and corrupt politicians who became the privileged few in the pasttwo decades.Second: Second: Al-Shabaab, who, after loosing much of its territorial control inMogadishu and in various regions and lost one of its top foreign leaders, FazulAbdullah Mohammed, found an opportunity to exploit the breakdown of the securityapparatus resulting from the demonstrations and a number of the soldiers leaving keyposts to protest the accord. In the past several days, Al-Shabaab carried out a suicide bombing operation in which they assassinated the Interior Minister Abdishakur SheikhHassan; and another one intended to wreak havoc at the sea port which is theTransitional Federal Government’s main source of revenue. This latter operation haskilled 1 person and injured more.Third: The so-called Nairobi Mafia consisting of certain corrupted individuals, groups,NGOs, and institutions that control and exploit hundreds of millions of dollarsdonated to Somalia every year without any accountability.Prime Minister Mohamed’s government demanded transparency per the actualpercentage of those monies being spent on Somalia. Furthermore, he demanded thatall UN agencies and NGOs assigned to work on Somali humanitarian, political, anddevelopment issues to set up their respective shops in Mogadishu or in other regionswithin Somalia.Fourth: Certain elements within the international community who relentlessly engagein overt and covert campaigns to shape a Somalia that is comforting to their myopicstrategic interests.Fifth: The Speaker of the Parliament, who only a week earlier—though without anyconstitutional authority or a mandate from the parliament—was spearheading arelentless political campaign to pressure the government into adding a few of hishandpicked cronies to the current cabinet. The accord would dissolve the governmentthat he was openly hostile to, and would afford him the opportunity to influence theselection process of the new government.Sixth: Sixth: The President. The accord afforded him an opportunity to shed off thegrowing allegations of being an impediment to the peace process, and to extend an

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