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A BRIEF HISTORICAL TIMELINE OF THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CHAPTER OF THE BLACK PANTHER PARTY

A BRIEF HISTORICAL TIMELINE OF THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CHAPTER OF THE BLACK PANTHER PARTY

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Published by: Mosi Ngozi (fka) james harris on Jun 18, 2011
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07/10/2013

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1965FEBRUARY 21stMalcolm X is assassinated by members of the nation of Islam who aresuspected to be FBI informants.AUGUST 11-16thThe Watts Rebellion. On a red-hot August night in 1965, the Watts neighborhoodof Los Angeles exploded with racial frustration. Six days later, 34 people weredead, hundreds more injured and a wide swath of South-Central L.A. was scarred with burned-out buildings and looted stores.Martin Luther King Jr. comes to calm the situation in Watts at a town hall meeting. For the first time in his career he is booed by Black people.1966AUGUSTIn Watts the Negro Citizen Alert Patrol cruises South Central Los Angeles in Radio-equipped cars, monitoring police radio calls and observing police conduct. Their vehicles are marked “To Protect and Observe.”OCTOBER 15thIn Oakland CA Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale write the first draft of the BlackPanther Party for Self-Defense (BPP) 10 - Point Program.In prison, BUNCHY CARTER and his friend Eldridge Cleaver, decide that when theyare released they will start a west coast chapter of Malcolm’s Organization of Afro-American Unity.1967JUNEThe L.A.P.D. raid the Nation of Islam mosque.BUNCHY CARTER is released from prison and goes to San Francisco to find that Eldridge has joined the Black Panthers.AUGUST 1stJ. Edgar Hoover directs its counterintelligence program (COINTELPRO) to “neutralize and destroy any attempts of Messiah rising amongst them.”OCTOBER
 
BUNCHY CARTER begins to organize the Southern California Chapter.OCTOBER 28thIn Oakland officer John Frey is Killed and offier Hervert Haines wounded in an altercation after stopping Huey Newton and Gene McKinney. Newton is also critically wounded.NOVEMBER 13thIn Oakland, the Alameda County grand jury indicts Huey Newton on charges of first-degree murder, attempted murder, and kidnapping.1968JANUARYThe idea of an East and Westside chapter in L.A. is discarded. The Southern California chapter, (which stretches down to San Diego) of the BPP is organized withBUNCHY CARTER as deputy minister of defense.FEBRUARY 17A "Free Huey" rally is held at the Oakland Auditorium on Newton
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s birthday. Morethan 5,000 supporters attend including Stokely Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, JamesForman, Ron Dellums, and Peace and Freedom Party representatives.FEBRUARY 18thA “Free Huey” rally is held in Southern California at the Sports Arena. The official announcement is made about the formation on the Southern California chapter.FEBRUARY 24thIn Oakland BUNCHY CARTER along with David Hilliard, Anthony Coltrale, and AudreyHudson are arrested and charged with carrying a concealed weapon.RONALD FREEMAN gets in an argument with US members at the Offices of the Black Congress over his right to use the restroom while they are giving a self-defenseclass.US members shoot up RONALD FREEMAN’S house while his daughter and wife are present. Oakland Panther, Sherman Forte’ who is staying at RONALD’s house is shot in the hand.MARCHARTHUR GLEN MORRIS, brother of Bunchy Carter, is shot and killed by "agents" ofthe U.S. government. He is the first member of the BPP to be killed.
 
ANTHONY COLTRALE is killed in Watts by a local police officer.APRIL 4thDr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is assassinated at the Lorraine Motel, Memphis, TN.Riots occur in major cities across the country.APRIL 5thThe L.A.P.D. raids the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) office while members attend a Martin Luther King, Jr., memorial service.APRIL 13Funeral services for Bobby Hutton (killed on April 6th by Oakland police) held at Ephesians Church of God in Christ on Alcatraz Avenue in Berkeley. More than 2,500 attend the funeral. Southern California Chapter Panthers from Los Angeles act as security.AUGUST 5thA Los Angeles shoot-out between police and Panthers leaves two Panthers killed.AUGUST 25thThree Panthers -- Robert Lawrence, Steve Bartholomew, and Tommy Lewis are murdered by Los Angeles police at a service station.SEPTEMBERJ. Edgar Hoover declares the BPP the "greatest threat to the internal security of the country".NOVEMBER 25thFBI memo details plans to cause dissension between Los Angeles Panthers and United Slaves (US) under the leadership of Ron Karenga.DECEMBER 30th

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