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Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO A RURAL BUILDING COURSE
LAY-OUT OF THE RURAL BUILDING COURSE
BOOK INTRODUCTION
SAFETY FIRST
PART 1: BASIC MASONRY TECHNIQUES
TECHNICAL TERMS
BONDING OF WALLS
General effect of bond
Half-block bond
Other types of bond
HANDLING THE TROWEL
Preparing the bed joint
Removing surplus mortar
THE FIRST WALL
Setting out
Organizing the work
Preventive measures
The first blocks
The first course
The second course
Toothed end
Stopped end
Marking and cutting blocks
QUOINS
Second course
Walling between quoins
Fixing the mason line
Use of the tingle plate
Completing the course
BONDING PROBLEMS
CORNER BONDS
Corner bond for footings
Corner bond for a rising sandcrete wall
Corner bond for rising landcrete wall
T-JUNCTION BONDS
T-junction bond for footings
T-junction bond for rising sandcrete walls
T-junction bond for rising landcrete walls
CROSS JUNCTION BONDS
Cross junction bond for footings
Cross junction bond for rising sandcrete walls
Cross junction bond for rising landcrete walls
Footings - Plinth course - Rising landcrete wall
PIERS
Attached piers
Simple piers
Footings for piers
Bonds for sandcrete piers
Bonds for landcrete piers
PART 2: BASIC CARPENTRY TECHNIQUES
TESTING BOARDS
Winding strips
How to test small work pieces
How to test long work pieces
MEASURING AND MARKING OUT TIMBER
Measuring with a rule
Marking out with a rule
Marking with a pencil
Marking with a chalk line
TIMBER CONSTRUCTIONS
PREPARATION OF TIMBER
Sequence of operations for preparing timber
Timber marks
Marking of frames
Cutting list
FASTENING WITH NAILS
Driving nails
Holding power
How to prevent splitting during nailing
Finishing off
Driving screws in hard wood
ANGLE JOINTS
Nailed butt joint
Plain mitred joint
Rebated butt joint
Sequence of operations for constructing a box with this joint
Housed joint
Sequence of operations for constructing the joint
Common mortice and tenon joint for box-like constructions
Cornerlocked joint
FRAMING JOINTS
Halved joints
Corner-halved joint
Cross-halved joint
Stopped tee-halved joint
Common mortice and tenon joint for frame-like constructions
Haunched mortice and tenon joint
Stub tenon joint
Twin tenon joint
Securing the joints
Bridle joint
Corner bridle joint
WIDENING JOINTS
Plain glued butt joint
Dowelled widening joint
Rebated joint
How to plane a rebate with an ordinary rebate plane
How to plane a rebate with an adjustable rebate plane
Loose tongued joint
How to plane a groove for a loose tongued joint
MISCELLANEOUS CARPENTRY TECHNIQUES
Marking a board to fit an irregular surface
Measuring the width of openings
Marking out irregular designs with templates
PART 3: PREPARATION FOR ON-THE-JOB TRAINING
BUILDING PRELIMINARIES
Plan
Plot and site clearing
Site organization
SETTING OUT
3-4-5 Method
Lining out
Direct marking
Using the plumb bob to mark the foundations
Using the large square
Using the mason square
FOUNDATIONS
Excavating the foundation trenches
Marking the depth of the concrete and levelling the trench
Foundation concrete
Casting - Compacting - Levelling
Curing
FOOTINGS
Purpose of footings
Height of footings
HARDCORE FILLING
Function of the hardcore filling
Methods of filling and compaction
PLINTH COURSE
Function of the plinth course
OPENINGS
Door openings
Window openings
SCAFFOLDING
Working scaffolds
Ladders
BRIDGING OPENINGS
Methods of bridging
LINTELS
Built-up wooden lintel
Reinforced concrete lintel
Formwork for a reinforced concrete lintel
Casting reinforced concrete lintels
ROOFS
Anchor beam
Wall plate
Terms
PLASTER - RENDER
Functions of plaster and render
Application
Plastering or rendering
The aggregates
Mix proportions
Additional protective measures
Spatterdash
FLOOR CONSTRUCTION
One - course work
Two - course work
Casting methods
Shrinkage gaps
Expansion gaps
A WORD FOR THE TRAINEE BEFORE ON-THE-JOB TRAINING
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Rural Building Basic Knowledge

Rural Building Basic Knowledge

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Published by Sekundica

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Published by: Sekundica on Jun 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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