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United States Marine Corps - Martial Arts

United States Marine Corps - Martial Arts

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Published by Ricky Tidwell

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Published by: Ricky Tidwell on Jun 18, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain


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 Martial Arts Center of ExcellenceThe Basic SchoolMarine Corps Combat Development CommandQuantico, Virginia 22134
(3 MIN)1. GAIN ATTENTION. There are several fundamentals of the physicaldiscipline of our martial arts that are used throughout any type of confrontation or situation. These fundamentals form the basis for all martialarts instruction and techniques. Additionally, you must prepare your bodyfor the rigors of combat. To do so your body must possess the attributes of both toughness and flexibility. Like iron, you must be able to absorb andgive out punishment but have the flexibility to prevent injuries. The properexecution of these fundamentals will enable you to effectively performmartial arts techniques that may very well save your life or the lives of fellow Marines one day.2. OVERVIEW. This lesson will cover the fundamentals of Marine CorpsMartial Arts to include the purpose of close combat, ranges of close combat,weapons of the body, target areas of the body, pressure points, basicwarrior stance, and angles of approach and movement, and body hardening.3. LESSON PURPOSE. The purpose of this period of instruction is to providean explanation of the martial arts skills taught in the tan belt course. Astudent will teach the material to provide additional practice in instructingclose combat skills. There are no Terminal Learning Objectives or EnablingLearning Objectives pertaining to this lesson.4. INTRODUCE LEARNING OBJECTIVES. The Learning Objectives pertainingto this lesson are as follows:a. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE. Without the aid of reference, giventhe requirement, identify the fundamentals of the Marine Corps MartialArt per MCRP 3-02B (8550.01.01a)a. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVES
(1) Without the aid of reference, given the requirement, identify theranges of close combat per MCRP 3-02B (8550.01.01a).(2) Without the aid of reference, given the requirement, identify thetarget areas of the body per MCRP 3-02B (8550.01.01a)(3) Without the aid of reference, given the requirement, identify theweapons of the body per MCRP 3-02B (8550.01.01a).(4) Demonstrate the basic warrior stance per MCRP 3-02B(8550.01.01a).(5) Demonstrate angles of approach and movement per MCRP 3-02B(8550.01.01a).(6) Demonstrate body hardening tachniques per MCRP 3-02B(8550.01.01a).5. METHOD/MEDIA. This class will be taught by lecture, demonstration, andpractical application.6. EVALUATION. Topics from this lesson will be evaluated by performanceexamination.
(3 MIN)a. Purpose of Close Combat. The purpose of close combat isto execute unarmed and armed techniques, in close proximity toanother individual, that comprise both lethal and non-lethal ends, acrossa spectrum of violence within a continuum of force.1) Unarmed techniques include hand-to-hand combat anddefense against hand-held weapons.2) Armed techniques include techniques applied with yourT/O weapon or a weapon of opportunity.b. Ranges of Close Combat. There are three ranges in which closecombat engagements can take place: long range, mid range, and closerange. In any engagement, these ranges may blur together or mayrapidly transition from one to another and then back again until theopponent is defeated or the situation is handled.
1) Long Range. At long range, the distance between combatantsallows engagement with a rifle and bayonet, weapons of opportunity ornon-lethal baton .2) Mid Range. At mid range, the distance between combatants is suchthat they can engage each other with knives, punches, or kicks.3) Close Range. At close range, the distance between combatants issuch that they can grab a hold of each other and may involve elbowand knee strikes and grappling.
 a. Arms. The hands, forearms, and elbows are the individual weapons of the arm.(1) Hands. There are several areas of the hands that can be utilized asweapons.(a) Fist. The fist can be used as a weapon directed at soft tissueareas such as the throat. This will minimize the risk of injury to thefist. The striking surfaces of the fist are the first two knuckles of the hand or the meaty portion of the hand below the little finger.(b) Edge of Hands. The edge of the hand (knife edge) can be usedas a weapon. Similar to the fist, all strikes should be directedtoward soft tissue areas.(c) Palm. The heel of the palm, because of its padding, can be usedfor striking, parrying, and blocking.(d) Fingers. The fingers can be used for gouging, ripping, andtearing soft tissue (e.g., eyes, throat, and groin).(2) Forearm. The forearm can be used as a defensive tool to deflect orblock attacks. The forearm can also be used as a striking weapon todamage or break joints and limbs. Strikes with the forearm do notpose as high a risk of self injury as do strikes with the fist and fingers.(3) Elbow. The elbow can be used as a striking weapon. Because othe short distance needed to generate power, the elbow is an excellentweapon for striking in the grappling range of close combat.

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