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ME 401 Introduction

ME 401 Introduction

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Published by aashiquear

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Categories:Types, Speeches
Published by: aashiquear on Jun 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/09/2012

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ME 401: Internal Combustion Engines
Introduction
First ICE, an SIE, was developed by Nicolaus Otto in 1876
Rudolph Diesel developed the first CIE in 1892
Engine development has been extraordinary during the last four decades- Issues of air pollution, fuel cost, and market competitiveness have becomeincreasingly important
There have been- technical innovation and refinement- construction, configuration and styling- methods of production, and manufacturing systems
The internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine that converts chemical energy in fuelinto mechanical energy
The fuel-air mixture before combustion and the burned products after combustion are theactual fluids
The ICEs are generally reciprocating engines- Gas turbine, by definition, is an ICE
ICEs can be an SIE or a CIE- Simple, rugged, and has a high power/weight ratio- Wide application in transportation and power generation
Engine development saw huge improvements after WWI
During the past four decades, new factors have been influencing developments- Air pollution- Noise pollution- Price of fuels
There are potentials for further improvements
Engine Classifications
Internal combustion engines may classified in a variety of different ways- Application
Automobile, truck, locomotive, light aircraft, marine, portable power system,power generation- Basic engine design
Reciprocating engines (in turn subdivided by arrangement of cylinders: e.g.in-line (straight), V, W, radial, opposed piston and opposed cyinder), rotaryengines (Wankel and other geometries)- Working cycle
Four-stroke cycle; naturally aspirated (admitting atmospheric air),supercharged and turbocharged, two stroke cycle; crankcase scavenged,supercharged, and turbocharged
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