i) Write down one major advantage of Powder metallurgy as compared to otherManufacturing processes.
ii) List down FIVE disadvantages and any two limitations associated with PowderMetallurgy processingAdvantages
The greatest advantage powder metallurgy methods have over other processes is that it does notwaste material - P/M process is capable of less than 3% scrap losses. Almost all the material notused to make the product is left in its powdered form and can be recycled for use with the next product.
There disadvantages associated with P/M processing. These include:
high tooling costs
expensive raw materials (powders)
variation in material density and mechanical properties across the volume
relatively long parts are difficult to manufacture
Difficult storing and handling of powders (degradation with time and fire hazard with particular metallic powders).
There are some limitations
on the shape of the parts. Undercuts, cross holes, and screwthreads are best provided with secondary operations. In general, P/M parts have lowresistance to shock loading and lower physical properties than wrought metals.
Describe briefly three Powder Metallurgy processes
After the metallic powders have been produced and classified, the subsequent P/M process sequence consists of three major steps: (1) blending and mixing of powders, (2)compaction, and (3) sintering, in addition to a number of optional secondary finishingand manufacturing operations used to improve either the shape and size or the material or functional properties of the P/M part.
lending and mixing
These are two identical operations in which powders are thoroughly mixed. The onlydifference between blending and mixing is in the composition of the powder mixture produced:
Blending: mixing powders of the same chemical composition but different sizes;
Mixing: process of combining powders of different chemistriesThe blending and mixing, which are done under controlled conditions (i.e. in an inertatmosphere, or in a liquid to avoid contamination and deterioration), is done to...
Produce an uniform distribution of par ticle sizes and shapes;