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Bio Reactor Technology for Plant Micro Propagation

Bio Reactor Technology for Plant Micro Propagation

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Published by Mudit Misra

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Published by: Mudit Misra on Jun 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/06/2013

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BIOREACTOR TECHNOLOGY FOR PLANTMICROPROPAGATION
 
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In vitro micropropagation is based on enhanced axillarybud proliferation and on the capability of differentiated toredifferentiate and develop new meristematic centresthat are capable of regenerating fully normal plants.
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Micropropagation ( in vitro propagation of axillary and or adventitious buds as well as somatic embryos) ispresently used as an advanced biotechnological systemfor the production of identical pathogen free, true to typeplants for agriculture and forestry.
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Efficient commercial micropropagation depends on rapidand extensive proliferation along with the use of largescale cultures for multiplication phase.
 
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Normal development during the acclimatization and hardening stageis mandatory to ensure a high percent of survival after transplantingto greenhouse.
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Mechanization and automation of the micropropagation process cangreatly contribute to overcoming the limitations imposed by existingconventional labor intensive methods
Progress in tissue culture automation will depend on the use of liquid cultures in bioreactors.
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These techniques have been reported for some plant species andwere shown to reduce hand manipulation and thus reduce in vitroplant production costs.

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