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Introduction to Community Health and Environmental Sanitation

Introduction to Community Health and Environmental Sanitation

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Published by: bayenn on Jun 20, 2011
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INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNITY HEALTHAND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION
WORKSHEET AND STUDY GUIDE
FOR THE EXCLUSIVE USE OF UNIVERSITY OF ST. LA SALLE STUDENTS
Compiled by BIEN ELI NILLOS, MD
 
NATURAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENTCOLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
Academic Year 2011-2012
 
 FOREWORDThis Worksheet is designed to supplement the lectures for Community Health andEnvironmental Sanitation, an elective class for USLS College students, particularly thosetaking Bachelor of Science Major in Biology. It shall also serve as one of the major referencesfor the course. To better appreciate and learn the principles in Community Health andEnvironmental Sanitation, classroom instruction must be complemented with a large amount of community exposure. Therefore, during field work and community exposure, this worksheetwill come in handy for the student in reviewing the basic principles of Community Health andEnvironmental Sanitation.Public Health, or sometimes referred to as Community Health, is defined as “thescience and art of 
preventing
disease,
prolonging
life, and
promoting
physical health andefficiency through
organized community
efforts for the
sanitation
of the environment, the
control of community
 
infections
, the
education
of the individual in principles of personalhygiene, the organization of medical and nursing service for the
early diagnosis
and
preventive treatment
of disease, and the development of the
social machinery
which willensure to every individual in the community a standard of living
adequate for themaintenance of health.”
(Winslow, 1920).Its major elements therefore include: Prevention and Control of Community Infections,(through) Sanitation, Education, Health Care Service Delivery and Social Structures.Throughout the course, the students will be expected to learn and apply these elements of Community health and Environmental Sanitation.
 
Worksheet No. 1INTRODUCTION TO HEALTHThe World Health Organization defines
Health
as a state of complete physical, mental, andsocial well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.How would you define Health? Make your own definition of Health.
HEALTH
is _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________If you are having a hard time trying to makeyour own definition of health, read some of the definitions of health according to variousindividuals and/or groups:Health is “a resource for everyday life, not theobjective of living. Health is a positiveconcept emphasizing social and personalresources, as well as physical capacities.”(
Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, 1986 
)Health is “maintained and improved not onlythrough the advancement and applicationof health science, but also through the effortsand intelligent lifestyle choices of theindividual and society” (
 LaLonde Report, 1974
)By this time, you must already have some understanding about Health. The WHO definitionmentions the term “Disease”. It can be said that Disease is exactly the opposite of Health.
DISEASE
is _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
STUDY GUIDE
 
According to Buddha, “Everyhuman being is the author of his own health or disease”.What does this imply?
 
Research on the LaLondeReport. What do you think was the significantcontribution of MarcLaLonde’s report for hiscommunity/country?
 
Read up on the functions of WHO.

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