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Panzer-Division 1935-1945 1 Early Years 1935-1941

Panzer-Division 1935-1945 1 Early Years 1935-1941

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7
 
IheIrr.,t
l'unzertrnirungumt.Kr,lt"rl"hrlchr~IIlI"lI"ndnZosvcn,wus
fllrmed
UII\I()\~II1I'cr
I.
1')33.
TIll!
year,
kucr,
In\ugu'l1'1.15.trialcvcrciscforthe
firvt
Pau/c
I
DI\
1:-"11111
wereconducted
h)Iht.'
(i~1111:11l
Army.Althis
rime,
basedontheory.
thc
xtrcngtl:
ofthe
Dh'hinn
wu-,
12.95.1men
1\
itbHl25
\I
heeledlind..
g
Iuackcdvchiclc-;
1111,
11I1I'
p.ucc
11111)
fiveycursafter
the
dcvclnpmcruuftheKlcimrakror,torcrunncr
"I'
Ih~
1>,.Kpf"
I,
which
WiI'III
become
II,,'
firvt
II1a"
pruduccdrunk1m'theGerman
nny.
II
would
he
important
to
stress,however,
111:..11
Gennnn
doctnne
\\.il'"
bused
011
the
concept-
of
armoredwarfarethen
heing
prommcdh)
pionccr-,-uch.r-,
J.F".
Fuller
.,f
'real
Britain
,lndChurlc-deGaul!e
or
France.
In
hi,IlI~llIl1i".
Guderian"1,,,
"cr.!it,Ihe
w
or
kof
l.ul!\~
Ig.\1)11
Eimllnn~b(·l~l;r.
l
lending
AIl~lj'inl1
lank
evpcn,pubhvhcd
In19:-1.
hll1I1.ll\}nof
lhc
IIc.\1
iwoPanvcr
I'lIi,inn,
followed
ljllic'~I~
~tkr.
Oil
October
15.1~.15.
111111;,11)'.
men
lorthe..elInil,
curne
11!l1l111wKil\
ullcnc-Drvivions.
The
chuicu
01
the-edllh,,'nandnotthelnfarucric-
Dj\
I...
ion....
\\;1....
1{lg1t:alilllU
ohviou
v,
Thenew
Pilnlc,
D,li,inn'
\I~rc
I"'Il'lwith
'peed.
rhu-
thec..drc-,wouldbestbe
[ur
mcdwith
l\al.llleric
officer,
and:\0,.
whowere
lIlrc:uJ~trainedInemplo)thevarneI)pc01la~IIr:'~k"n\\'hik.in
otherurrniev,
wnh,
wouldcontinuetobe
developed
10
-upport
inf:rnll)
:1'
mobileartillery,
B)\I",emhelIl)J~.
1110nC\I
P"li/cr·
Dil",lln,
hadhccntorrncd,alongwithrlltlr
leichteDhl..
ion-,
II\l'
mdcpcndcnt
Ht:t,;rc,1
IUppl;!'l1Pilllll.;l-R~gimt.'lll"',
an
illdcpcndelllH~Cf"'IrUl'renP"nler-.hleilung
and
,I
I.ehr
lind
VcrslIch,truppcnPanzer-Lei,,·
t\blcllt1ng.WilhinIhrecyear,.IheCrlll;LIl
\Iln~
had
I.:I'CLth;d
nneofIhe·,;uong(:"[armCl("cd
I,'rlc,inIhe
II
(lriLI.
1he
\lr~;'llli/-iltllm
or
Ih~
(1';\\
tll\
j,ioll:-'
\.\:1;\
,,1111011
h..1dlffclel11Ih'llllhelir'lthrce.Three
)cM'lll
lrulnlllg
and
e~pertelll;e
had
IIllluw~ed
Ih~
I1L'gilllil;)linlml
'In":I1I1'~
"r
lhe
Pillll~r·
Di\"illil.TileC<1I'C
"I'
Ihl!divi,ionrCl11ain~dIhe
PanfL'T·Rcgilllcnl
,LIld
chang~d
vel')
liUIL!
"llll1p:rr~dInIhL'dl'l,il1l1l1llrOOI'>trunllrc.
T"~
\:1I1Il't!PI01:111
1I11cgral
r..:clIlIllai.......IH.:Ca\ii..llHlll
\hl~lhlll~Ila
dn)J1ped
and;1nanli':lircrartunil
~'IJhli,hI.'LI.
rhe,"~ndIllan)mhcr
111II
or
~hlln_g~...
llIadeIht:
P~II1/CI-ni\
i...
iullI11I1f'C
illucpL'ndcnIand
pnllerrul.
1'1
I~gl.15
ilild
Y,
formed
Ihl.'
new.j.Pon/cl·!)"i,ioll,\\
hik
Pl.Rgl.15tll1d
,I
fllmll!d
Ihe
Ilel\
I)
al.'aled
5.P:ln7er·Dili,ioll.
I
\~~1'1
t,'r
P/.RgI.15.
"hidl
WI'
~rellieu
ill
I'JP.
lh,'
11,'\\
R"~ill1eI11'WO:i'c
",whli,h~d
011Ihe
",Ille
dllle,,,IheDil
i,ion
10\\
hiehIhc~
INTRODUCTION
belonged.
They
werecreated1,(11)
e~"ling
R
"gilllenls
andAbtcitung
in
the
Hccrc-iruppcn,Forcxumplc.PLRgl.31wa-
formedtromI.IPL.Abl.:!7and
I.Irl,,.\hU
I
\\hich
!I,lL!
beenph.:vi()u~l)a~~ignct.l
tl.
I1.A.K.
and
I.A.K.Theywere
orgalliled
inlnBrigildl!~
of(\...
0
r~l;'giml.!'nh\\
h1..:h\\
ere
..ubunlinuuxl
direcII)
to
Illedivisional
"an.
Thelcichie
Dil
ivion-,
cOlhi,ted
ol'a
linglePanzcr-Abtcilungeach.Theoretically.each
Panver-Divivinn
b"r.!
the,,"n~
'IlllllllrilcListrength.thoughIhi,
\\',1,
nottrueinpractice.
)\c\crthele-,s.at
the
outbreakof
the\\
ar,the
Pun/cr-Divivion-,were
quill:
puwcrfultormarion-\\
ith
a
theoreticalxtrcngth
1'1"
11\1
lcv-,thnn12.000men,140
gun,
and
nWI1:1I·'.2.()1I0COl"andIrllcb
:1'
"ell",
allll'''1
1.3110
mUlufl.:Jc:I~v.
Eat.:h
Panzer-Divivinnuveragcd
"bOIlI
3511
tanh,
'OIllCII
hat
Ie."
Ih'1I1the
"!ll
Inn",in
theorigiua)lPnnzcr-Drvrvion,
Afterthedefeat
IIf
Poland,thePanzer-
Divixicn-werefurtherreorganized
Ihr1l11ghll1l1
the
rail
,,1'
IlJ3'!
and
irno
1i1~
-priug
III'
194(1,III
Ocwbc.1939,
I.
~,and
Llciclnc
Divrsion
WCTC
renamed
6.7.
andX.Pan/cr·Dhbioll
rc-pcctivcl,and
In
Junuary19-111.-l.leiclne
01\
"ion
"H'
renauun!Y.PaI1/Cf
Divi
iOI1.
lO.Pnn/cr-Division
II'a,
Iormcdtrom
-l.Pz.Brig.
II
th
PZ.RgI.7
and~.
TI,,'
German
Arm)nowhad
Len
Pa1l/0r-1
i,
l',jol1""
rcudy
lur
thecorningnffcnslvc
agaill\L
France.
However,onlytheoldPanzer-DivisionsamiIh,'new
lu.Punzcr-Divi-ion
had
lnurBuuulionv
(II'
lal1~'
1111"1I
Rq!HlICIIl'III1lkrthe
""111111:1
nd
Ill'
aP".IlI.cr·Rrigudc.Theresofthenewdivivionswereurganizcd
with
Rcgnncn:«cornpo...cdot
threeBauahon-.exceptWI'lJ.PllIlIc!)i"i,ioll
whichhad
olll)
II\nBatlalinn,illi"P/.RgI.JJ.DUringthewaragain'lFr::I11~.hePalll.~r·
DIVlSioll'"
pruved
tu
bl!
fir~l
t:1a..,,,
rorrn~lIinn,,".
welltlillncdant!organi7cd.
Le"nn,
learned
frtll11
the
\\':11'
inPoland
Were
:lrr1lcdIII
l'll~n
\
CojJ('lf.IlIun..,i!llUmhtaj."t':-'\\\:rclint
rt:pcatcd.Lc,adingof
armDrct.l
~1I1il\
in
h.lr_;!c
....olc
aClirlll"!
\\as.impro\cda!l.wa!oJthL'
U:-tC"
oj
'Illall
lank
ullih.
Clllllmlltlng
!<Ink,
It'
Ii!!
"IIII
urhnn
nl...n_~'\'~I'"
;I\nld~d
;1'.;.
.a
n;;o.;ull
or
111('
experience
"I'
-I.P,lnlcr·Dili,inninWar'lIw.a,wa,prt1\'iLiinginlantr)
,u[,POrt"il.h
lighlli!Il~'
Wdl
:I'
Ih~
P/.Kpr".1
and11.Ihal\'\'cr~
nOI
c'l"ipperJI'm
Ihal
rolc.a,h"dheenexpcrienced
h}~.ki('hteOili,inn.II\\a,Ihe,c
Ic"on'
lilal
c\
~nllIUII)
let!
III
Ihe
dlllllnilluln
of
Iheleicht"
Di\i,iolh.
,\I'lcr
Ihb.Ihe
lank,
\lould
heu,cdin
tlnc
I~ayDnly-ll1a"edcharge'In
brenkIhrough
lhcfronlIlnc,andpur,ullofI.he
..;n..
I11~
inIusn..:-ar
an.~a',
\.\Ihl..'ll
flie
Il:.ll'iliu
pcrmillcd.
Ihem,hl
efreclil'cmClhnd
of
using
Ihe
Plln/.cr,
wa,
in
l1la",~d
allu,'h\\
Ilh
inr~lIllr)'
'UpplrlII
here
lh~
el1"'il)
IIi"
011'1
whelm,'"
"ilh,p.:cd
<Lilt!
ma"il'c
tircpn"cr.
The
Sllcce"01'sllchOIlall<ll'kemil"
:~
onl)bearcomplishcdwitha
sufficient
number
of
lank,
assomewouldincvitabl,
lall
'1,111111,;
enemy
anti-tankvgun-.Toachievethi-,the
P:lfl/~r-Di\j!-'iL>lhwere
orgamzcdiruo
PUI11Cf-
Korp-,Only
9.PanfCI'-Dil
i-inn
II
ii'
Illr1l/cd
h)
ihdlinHollandwlulclirercnnundcrwerenrgunizedintoInurPanzcr-Korp«.Panzer-Gruppc\onKleistwa,madeIII'011"'<1Pnnver-
Korps,XIX.Pr.KwithI.~.andI
II.
Panzer-Divi-ion
i111t!
XLI.P/.K.
II
irh
(I
.rnd
X.P:l11lcr·
Divivion,XV.PI.K.wasmudc
III'
(II:;
arul
7.Panzer-Dili,ionandXVI,P/.K
\1,1'
lIlad~up
or
J
and-l.Panver-Di,isinn.
Alterihc
1,,11,,1lranceanotherpcuod
ul
reorganizuuuntookplace,Bcguuung
IIIugu'l
19,,0.thenumber
ofPanzer-Ii",i'1I1'wa,
doubled.the
I~"I
one
heing
tormcd
(Ill
Jam""')
10.19-11.l'his
w,,,
done
hy
I'"nll;!"'"lillg
seven
lnfunteric
D.\
i:-..joll~
and
nne
Sclulrzcn-Brigade
into
Punzcr-Drv
b.,.ion"l
uml
trun-Icrring
Panzer-
Regiment'
irornthe(1111~r
ten
1"),jIU
1i.;I"-D
1
v
i....
on~tuformuienurlcuvorthenewunitv,
TW<l
ofthem,I
;Jnu
20.Pall/er·j)il
ivion,were
I'lIiSCU
[1..,
completelynewunu»\\irhP/.R~l.l
Kand2;:;
and
Pz.RgL21
ii'
their1\lIlIcr-Regll11r:I1I,.The
C1rgillli/:JLiull
ofthePall/cl'~Di\ivuin...\\
a~:.11:.0
changedinFebruary1')-11.Lightcornparn...
would
now
heequippedwith17P/.Kpf\I.1I1und5P/.Kpfw.11\\
hilc
the
mediumcompanies
would
he
equipped"ith
1-1P7..KplIl.1
and5
Pz.Kpfw.ll,Bccau-cthere\\er,'notellough
IIf
thePl.Kpf\\.111
aml
I
\I
III
fllll)
C'lUIP
all
Ihc
Piln/..t_'r-Di\'i~i()nv,
man)or
111CIl1
continued
to
heequippedwiththelighterPI..Kpl\\.I.pz.Kpr".3:;OIand
JKIIl
andP/,Kpf",.I!.Wilen
Gcnnunyluuuchcd
Opcralilln'
1aril:l'
inthe
Ihl~:ln,
in
'\1'1'1111)-11.
nilmore
II!:In20P/,Kpr".IVequipped
eachofIii,'
i~
Pun/cr-
Di,i"IOI1'Ihm
10"1-.
parr.L"\(cPI
rllr
~.P;ln/er-Di\i,i(ln,which
had
\)nl)
~O.
TIL"
Pan/er-
Divi,ion,,1111wereeqUIpped\\Ilh
;1
fc"
Pl.Kpl\d.
Thb
~illHHi("H1~Iro...c
Ol!t:a
U:"ol'
\H
I
hE.:
in:lhilil~
llI'
Gall!:ln
inLiu'lrylil
11l'l1dll,'c
Ihe
Tll.'ccied
numberof
11"\\lullb
undlI'ucb.All
aVHiinblc\chicle,werebeingput
Lo
u.....howc\,'C'r.
nlan~
wer-c
lIh...
olC'l~
unOnut
SI,lllllilrdi/cd.
"hir:h
t:n::llcddirtkullie,
in
ohlaining
11''''''
fl1r
rcp~ir,.
The
numbernl'
I:lll~'in
Ihe
<IiIi,ion\\,,,"proporli(lnal111th~
number01
olher'ehid~"
'0
IhallIlorelanb
mennlmore'UPPOI1troop...
undo
therefore.
Illllre
\~hich..:~
10Ir;'lIhpnn
them,
-illcc
llll~
need
coulu
nOIbe
pnlVitieti.
Ih~I~(j-~()lIlallh,
per
LI"'I,illn
:lppe<ITcr.!
III
beIh'
"plim,,1
'1)Iuliol1.
Wilh
Ihe,c
redll"~d
'ire,,!!lh
Pall/c]',
Divi'lnn'.
llr~
W~hl'lil:rehlJllarched
1111('
Ihe
Soviel
UllillllllnJI.II1C
n.
1\)·11.
 
TwoAdlerKfz.13armoredreconnaissancecarsphotographedduringfieldexercisesinGermanyin
1936.
80lhvehiclescarrylhesamerypeofcamouflagepatterntypicalforIheearly,9305period.Thepain!sche
me
wascomposedofIhreecolorssprayedoverthesidesanduppersurfacesotthevehicle.ThemarkingsfhoughareunusualThereis
a
while
sunouene
of
a
heavyarmoredcarSimilartoIheschwerePanzerspahwagen(Sd.Kfz.23I
J
6·Radonthefront
01
thesuperstructure.whllejusloverIhelicenseplateIsasmallwhiteplatel>I,jthIhesilhouetteofanarmoredcarInblackoutnneTheWehrmachlregistrallon
number
platesaresequential,IhefirstonehasW66041whiletheonefollowinghasW66042.80lhvehiclesalsocarryasquarepennantmountedlustbehindthelellheadlight.Olnelphotosof
thrs
columnshow
tlus
wasprobablyawhileoutlinesquareonaredbackground.
plac
I!lLJ!
whil
pas
an!
is
,e:
exhr
Rel(
Wet
Acolumnofarmoredreconna
I
ssance
cars
onmaneuversIn1935.Thecolumn
Is
beingledby
8
cross-countrycarlollowedbyamotorcyclecombinationandtnreeheavyarmoredcars.twoSd.Kfz.232(withframeantenna)andanSd.Kfz231.ClosesttothecameraISanAdlerKlz.13,onwhichcanbeseentheearlyRelchswehrlicenseplateandacamouflagepaintedsparewheelcoverTherewere187bUillbetween
t
932and1934onthechassisoftheAdlerStandard6passengercarInthestandardlKlz.l3)andradia(Kfz.14)versions.InitiallytheywereusedasatrainingvehicleandservedinIhereconnaissanceUnitsofIhePanzerDIVISionsandlaterInnon-rnotorizedInlanlryDvrsrons,aftertheyhadbeenreplacedbythenewerSd.Kfz.221and223.ManysawactionInPoland,butby1941theywerewllhclrawnfromserviceAnother.slightlyretouched,photograph01Ihesamecolumn.InfrontarethreeZundapp
KBOO
motorcyclecombinationsfollowed
by
twosoloBMWR4'sBehindthemaretwoAdlerFunkkraftwagenIKfz.H)andaMercedes·BenzG3a(Klz.61)Wirelesstruck.AtleastthreeSd.Kfz.2316·RadandSd.Klz.232G·RadarmoredcarsandsomeolnerurudennhablevstucvehiclesbringupIherear.AllofthemdisplayIypicalalsoReichswehrrnarkinqsIncludinglicenseplatesandIhenurnssquarepennantsIndlC8llngthetroop.Infan

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