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Bangladesh Studies Final

Bangladesh Studies Final

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Published by Shah Amran Nayan

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Published by: Shah Amran Nayan on Jun 20, 2011
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“Modernization of Agriculture & food security in Bangladesh” How it’s possible?
Abstract
For Bangladesh food security was identical with achieving self-sufficiency in rice production and stabilization in rice prices. The Bangladesh has made good progress inincreasing rice production through technological progress, facilitated by private sector investment in small scale irrigation. But, it is difficult to sustain the progress made inview of the growing pressure of population on scarce land resources. Domestic foodgrain production remains susceptible to floods and droughts thereby perpetuating thethreat of major production shortfalls, inadequate food availability, and vulnerabilityfrom fluctuation in prices. The availability of other foods has not increased, and the progress in nutritional outcome has remained slow. Forty percent of the populationlives below the poverty line, and income inequality has been worsening. This paper assesses the trends in factors that affect food production, availability of food and their impact on nutrition outcomes. In this report discuses about the why by whichBangladesh achieve the food security by modernized their Agricultures.
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“Modernization of Agriculture & food security in Bangladesh” How it’s possible?
Introduction
Modernization of agriculture means the development of total agriculture system withthe help of up-to-the-minute technology. Thus modernization of agriculture includingimplementation of scientific research, application of fertilizer, uses of latestmachinery, protection of agricultural lands, upholding soil health, mechanizedcultivation of lands, sustaining irrigation water market etc. have been emphasized toface the challenges of food security. Food security is defined as “access by all peopleat all times to enough food needed for an active and healthy life. Its essential elementsare the availability of food and the ability to acquire it”. It is important to view foodsecurity from both national and individual angles. At the national level food securitymeans the availability in the country of sufficient stocks of food to meet domesticdemand until such time as stocks can be replenished from harvests or imports.At the individual level, it means that all members of the society have access to thefood they need, either from their own production, from market or from thegovernment’s transfer mechanism. Experiences from India and other countries haveshown that even when the national level food. The economy of Bangladesh is agro- based and about one third of her Gross Domestic Product (GDP) comes formagriculture sector. Nearly 80 percent of population lives in rural areas. Literacy rate isonly 32.4 percent and the primary source of employment for the majority of people isagriculture. Interventions in problem areas like hills, saline and draught prone areasare needed. In most of the above activities, agricultural engineers can play vital rolesand can contribute to agricultural development and food security of the country. In
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“Modernization of Agriculture & food security in Bangladesh” How it’s possible?
this report we mention the problems and opportunities related to the Agriculture andalso discuss about the possible ways to archive Food security.
Overview of Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a developing country of South Asia region. It is surrounded by the Bayof Bengal in the south and borders on India and Myanmar. Its total land areaincluding rivers is 1, 47,570 square k.m. The boarders of present-dayBangladesh were establishing with the partition of Bengal and India in 1947,when the region became the eastern wing of the newly formed Pakistan. Thecountry free from Pakistan in 1971 at 16th December and its present populationis 1.65 billion. Bangladesh is a Muslim majority country. Most of theBangladeshis people live in rural area and they earn their living from
. The economy of 
is constituted by that of a
. Its
in 2008 was US$670. According tothe gradation by the
(IMF), Bangladesh rankedas the
 in the world in 2008, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of US$224,889 million and its growth rate was 6.5. In 2008, the
rate was 9.4% and 38% people lived below poverty line.While more than half of the GDP belongs to the service sector (53.7%), nearly two-thirds (63%) of Bangladeshis are employed in the agriculture sector. This sector  becomes large employment source for illiterate people. Most of the raw materials of manufacturing sector come from Agriculture sector. Because of population growthand industrilization, day by day our agricultural lands are decreasing. In this setuationevery year peoples of Bangladesh fall in food crisis. For this crisis the essential foods price is incrising day by day. To reduce this price haiking the government of Bangladesh import essential foods item from foreign countries. But it is soo costeffective for government. The government of Bangladesh realizes the importance of 
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