13-5. The rounded parts of a vessel’s bottom, known as the bilges,collect water, oil, fuel, trash, and so on. Keep them clean and wellaired because dirty bilges are a fire hazard, produce disagreeableodors, and are harmful to vessels.
13-6. Keep cargo holds clean. Stow and secure excess dunnage.Trace and eliminate sources of fumes and odors.
HAND TOOLS AND THEIR USE
13-7. These tools must be cared for and used properly to get themost use from them. Safety in their use must also be stressed at alltimes.
13-8. The following are the most commonly used hand tools foundaboard ship:
Portable electric grinder.
Sandpaper.The use of each of these tools is described below.
13-9. Before letting anyone use this hammer, make sure they havebeen instructed on how to use only enough force to remove thepaint. If a great deal of force is required to remove paint, the paintis still good and should not be chipped off. Feather the edges andpaint.
13-10. This is a handy tool for light work on rust or on light coats of paint. It is also used for brushing around weld spots. When thesurface is pitted, use a steel wire brush to clean out the pits.
13-11. These are more useful for removing rust and paint fromsmall areas and from plating less than one-fourth inch thick, whereit is impractical or impossible to use power tools.