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Deck Maintenance

Deck Maintenance

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Published by Arc Apocalypto
All About Deck Maintainance: A Comprehensive Chapter that discusses, A to Z of Deck Sanitation.
All About Deck Maintainance: A Comprehensive Chapter that discusses, A to Z of Deck Sanitation.

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Published by: Arc Apocalypto on Jun 20, 2011
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12/28/2013

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13-0
Chapter 13
Deck Maintenance
Vessel maintenance includes inspecting, cleaning, servicing,preserving, lubricating, and adjusting (as required). It can alsorequire minor parts replacement within the capability of the crew. Asa watercraft operator, you must take an active part in keeping yourvessel at its peak operating condition. This is not an easy or simpletask because you are constantly battling against the corrosive effectsof salt water and salt air. The wind and sea also subject a vessel andits engines to strong stresses and strains. It takes day-by-day work and watchfulness to cope with all of these conditions. Maintenancenever ceases. This chapter covers the procedures and tools to be usedfor preventive maintenance and the required maintenance aboardship. It should be used as a guide for all watercraft personnelresponsible for shipboard maintenance.
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
13-1. These are the routine daily tasks that must be done aboardship to prevent, or at least to hold back, the formation of rust ordeterioration of the ship’s equipment. The first and most importantstep in proper maintenance is to keep a vessel clean. This isnecessary to good health and efficient operation.
DECKS
13-2. Wash and scrub decks often to prevent tracking dirtthroughout the vessel. If it can be obtained, canvas or cocoa mattingcan be laid on the deck wherever people walk. Scuppers must bekept clean and open so water can flow overboard freely and not leak into spaces below.
TOPSIDES
13-3. Topsides and superstructure must be washed often, usingfresh water when possible. A small amount of washing soda can beadded to the wash water to help in the cleaning. Parts washed withsoda and water must be given a final washdown with fresh water, ipossible, or salt water.
INTERIOR
13-4. See that quarters are cleaned daily, giving close attention todark corners and spaces blocked by lockers and other furnishings.Dirt collecting in these spaces results in unsanitary conditionswhere vermin can breed and rot can develop.
 
FM 55-50113-1
BILGES
13-5. The rounded parts of a vessel’s bottom, known as the bilges,collect water, oil, fuel, trash, and so on. Keep them clean and wellaired because dirty bilges are a fire hazard, produce disagreeableodors, and are harmful to vessels.
CARGO HOLDS
13-6. Keep cargo holds clean. Stow and secure excess dunnage.Trace and eliminate sources of fumes and odors.
HAND TOOLS AND THEIR USE
13-7. These tools must be cared for and used properly to get themost use from them. Safety in their use must also be stressed at alltimes.
HAND TOOLS
13-8. The following are the most commonly used hand tools foundaboard ship:
 
Chipping hammer.
 
Wire brush.
 
Hand scrapers.
 
Portable electric grinder.
 
Sandpaper.The use of each of these tools is described below.
Chipping Hammer
13-9. Before letting anyone use this hammer, make sure they havebeen instructed on how to use only enough force to remove thepaint. If a great deal of force is required to remove paint, the paintis still good and should not be chipped off. Feather the edges andpaint.
Wire Brush
13-10. This is a handy tool for light work on rust or on light coats of paint. It is also used for brushing around weld spots. When thesurface is pitted, use a steel wire brush to clean out the pits.
Hand Scrapers
13-11. These are more useful for removing rust and paint fromsmall areas and from plating less than one-fourth inch thick, whereit is impractical or impossible to use power tools.
 
FM 55-50113-2
Sandpaper
13-12. Sandpaper can be divided into two types of abrasivematerials: natural and artificial. The flint and garnet grits of ordinary sandpaper are natural abrasives. Emery and corundumare also used in the production of some of the cheaper grades of abrasive sheets. Artificial abrasives have largely replaced naturalabrasives for use on metal. The two principal artificial abrasives aresilicon carbide and aluminum oxide.13-13. The size of abrasive particles is indicated by code numbersranging from 4 to 5/0 (or 00000). In garnet and artificial abrasives,4 or 3 would be a very coarse abrasive (16-24 mesh); 2 1/2 to 1 1/2would be coarse (30-40 mesh); 1 to 0 would be medium (50-80mesh); and 2/0 to 5/0 would be fine (100-180 mesh). In flint paper oremery cloth, 3 to 1 would be coarse; 1 1/2 to 1/2 would be medium;and 0 to 3/0 would be fine. You will find sandpaper indispensable incleaning corners. The usual procedure is to go over the surface firstwith a coarse sandpaper and polish it with one of the fine grades.Do not polish any more than final finish requirements dictate,however, as paint bonds best to clean surfaces which are roughenough to provide “mechanical tooth.”13-14. There is also a waterproof type of sandpaper. This usuallyconsists of a better grade of garnet grit, bonded (made to stick onthe paper) with a special resin. These sheets may then be used withwater or oil for wet sanding. Ordinary sandpaper will disintegratewhen used with liquids.
SHARPENING SCRAPERS AND CHIPPING HAMMERS
13-15. Like other tools, scrapers and chipping hammers gives thebest service when they are kept in good condition. Normally, thisinvolves little more than sharpening the scrapers and hammers.13-16. The first step in sharpening a scraper is to square the end.Adjust the tool rest of the grinder so that it just clears the face of the wheel (see Figure 13-1 [views 1 and 2]). First, lay the scraperflat on the rest. Then, keeping the end of the scraper parallel withthe shaft of the grinder, move the scraper back and forth across theface of the wheel. Grind across the entire width of the scraper. Useenough pressure to keep the wheel cutting out but not enoughpressure to decrease its speed or overheat the metal. Keep a can of water handy while grinding and dip the scraper frequently into thewater (this helps to prevent the scraper from overheating anddrawing the temper from the metal). If the scraper has beenchipped, grind away the edge until the chips disappear.

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