The Tennessee House responds to New York‘s offer of men and money to the Federal Government ―to beused in coercing certain sovereign States of the South into obedience to the Federal Government‖ by
―It is the opinion of this General Assembly, that whenever the authorities of that State shall send
armed forces to the South for the purpose indicated in said resolutions, the people of Tennessee, uniting
with their brethren of the South, will ‗welcome them with bloody hands to hospitable graves.‘‖ The
resolution passes by a vote of 59-7.
―Yes, we are all for fighting. Everybody is willing—
even the ladies. . . . I think there is enough patriotism & bravery in this state to sustain the Southern confederacy against the United States troops and all the Yankees who dare accompany them. . . .The South will never unite with the North again
from a January 24, 1861, letter of W.W. Fergusson, Riddleton, TN
Kentucky is experiencing a deep split as its citizens discuss what choice to make. John Bell urges bothTennessee and Kentucky to remain in the Union. [
New York Times
, p. 2]
An immense torch-light procession in support of the Union takes place in Memphis. Another largemeeting of Union supporters convenes in St. Louis. Destructive winter storms paralyze much of theNorthern part of the country.
The Confederate Constitution is adopted
. President-elect Lincoln meanwhile is entertaining visitors, including Horace Greeley, at his home in Springfield. He has made no comment on the secessionsor other issues. [
, p. 1] The North Carolina House approves a bill that arms 3,000 volunteers andcompletely reorganizes the State military.
is inaugurated President of the Confederacy in Montgomery, Alabama, where theprovisional government has been established; Alexander Stephens is named Vice President. In Washington, D.C., the Peace Conference begins, but it is already apparent that the voices of moderation will be drowned out by more extreme views from both Northern and Southern regions.
―If ... the people of the South ... [do] not arouse [their] brethren of the North to a sense of justice & right,
& honor demands a separation, we would still ha
ve the same claims upon the ‗colors of Washington, greatson of the South, and of Virginia, mother of the States.‘ Let us not abandon the stars and stripes, under which Southern men have so often been led to victory.‖
Nashville Daily Gazette