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A Timeline of Tennessee in the Civil War, 1861-1865

A Timeline of Tennessee in the Civil War, 1861-1865

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Published by Kraig McNutt
A 120+ page timeline detailing specific action that took place in Tennessee for every day during the American Civil War.
A 120+ page timeline detailing specific action that took place in Tennessee for every day during the American Civil War.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Kraig McNutt on Jun 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/03/2012

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1 |Page 
The Tennessee
Sesquicentennial
 Civil WarTimeline
Compiled by Kraig McNuttThe Center for the Study of the American Civil WarTennesseeintheCivilWar.com
 
2 |Page 
1861
TSLA resource January 1861
January 7 
 Governor Isham Harris calls the Legislature into session to adopt a reso- lution asking Tennesseans to  vote for or against a convention to consider the possibility of secession. He recommends the organization
of a state militia and the purchase of arms, and states that ―the remedy for the present evils exists only in
co
nstitutional amendments.‖ [
 NYT,
p. 1]Tennessee Historical Marker Number 2E 11. Isham Green Harris."Born near here [Tullahoma], 1818. Was the only governor of Confederate State of Tennessee. In congress1849-54; elected governor, 1857-59-61. When U. S. forces captured Nashville, joined staff of Army of Tennessee for remainder of War. Fled to Mexico, 1865; returned 1867. Was U. S. Senator from 1877 untilhis death in 1897."
January 9
 The vote on a secession convention fails, nearly four-to-one.
―We cannot see how any Southern man, who is at all familiar with the history of the times, can . . .
solemnly declare it inexpedient for the people of his State to hold a convention and determine whether
they will resist or submit to the Abolition rule now about to be inaugurated. . . .Tennessee will resist.‖
[
 Nashville Daily Gazette
]"Civil War," in The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture.
January 12
 The House calls a State Convention for February 18; if the Convention resolves to withdraw from theUnion, its action will be put to a popular vote. Meanwhile, several rallies in Kentucky seem to indicatestrong support for remaining in the Union.
January 21
 
Memphis
follows the example of Mississippi and Louisiana and begins to set up blockades and cannonsalong the Mississippi. [
 Memphis Avalanche
] A couple of near-misses with freight and passenger shipscreate a mood of indignation and outrage among those traveling on the river. [
Vicksburg Sun
]
 
3 |Page 
January 24
 
The Tennessee House responds to New York‘s offer of men and money to the Federal Government ―to beused in coercing certain sovereign States of the South into obedience to the Federal Government‖ by 
saying
―It is the opinion of this General Assembly, that whenever the authorities of that State shall send
armed forces to the South for the purpose indicated in said resolutions, the people of Tennessee, uniting
 with their brethren of the South, will ‗welcome them with bloody hands to hospitable graves.‘‖ The
resolution passes by a vote of 59-7.
―Yes, we are all for fighting. Everybody is willing—
even the ladies. . . . I think there is enough patriotism & bravery in this state to sustain the Southern confederacy against the United States troops and all the Yankees who dare accompany them. . . .The South will never unite with the North again
—never.‖ [
 from a January 24, 1861, letter of W.W. Fergusson, Riddleton, TN 
]
February 1861
February 1
 Kentucky is experiencing a deep split as its citizens discuss what choice to make. John Bell urges bothTennessee and Kentucky to remain in the Union. [
 New York Times
, p. 2]
February 6
  An immense torch-light procession in support of the Union takes place in Memphis. Another largemeeting of Union supporters convenes in St. Louis. Destructive winter storms paralyze much of theNorthern part of the country.
February 7 
 
The Confederate Constitution is adopted 
. President-elect Lincoln meanwhile is entertaining visitors, including Horace Greeley, at his home in Springfield. He has made no comment on the secessionsor other issues. [
 NYT 
, p. 1] The North Carolina House approves a bill that arms 3,000 volunteers andcompletely reorganizes the State military.
February 9
 
Jefferson Davis
is inaugurated President of the Confederacy in Montgomery, Alabama, where theprovisional government has been established; Alexander Stephens is named Vice President. In Washington, D.C., the Peace Conference begins, but it is already apparent that the voices of moderation will be drowned out by more extreme views from both Northern and Southern regions.
―If ... the people of the South ... [do] not arouse [their] brethren of the North to a sense of justice & right,
& honor demands a separation, we would still ha
 ve the same claims upon the ‗colors of Washington, greatson of the South, and of Virginia, mother of the States.‘ Let us not abandon the stars and stripes, under which Southern men have so often been led to victory.‖
 
 Nashville Daily Gazette
 

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