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Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188
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2. REPORT DATE
3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE
An Integrated Command and Control Architecture
oncept for Unmanned Systems in the Year 2030
Keith E. Quincy, Jamarr J. Johnson, Michael G. Moran, Drew J.Nilsson, and Bradley G. Thompson
5. FUNDING NUMBERS N/A7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
Naval Postgraduate SchoolMonterey, CA 93943-5000
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATIONREPORT NUMBER
9. SPONSORING /MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
N/Naval Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC)
10. SPONSORING/MONITORINGAGENCY REPORT NUMBER
11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES:
The views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not reflect the official policyor position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.
12a. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
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13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words)
U.S. Forces require an integrated Command and Control Architecture that enables operations of a dynamicmix of manned and unmanned systems. The level of autonomous behavior correlates to: 1) the amount of trust withthe reporting vehicles, and 2) the multi-spectral perspective of the observations.The intent to illuminate the architectural issues for force protection in 2030 was based on a multi-phasedanalytical model of High Value Unit (HVU) defense. The results showed that autonomous unmanned aerial vehiclesare required to defeat high-speed incoming missiles.To evaluate the level of autonomous behavior required for an integrated combat architecture, geometricdistributions were modeled to determine force positioning, based on a scenario driven Detect-to-Engage timeline.Discrete event simulation was used to schedule operations, and a datalink budget assessment of communications todetermine the critical failure paths in the the integrated combat architecture.The command and control principles used in the integrated combat architecture were based on Boyd’sOODA (Obseve, Orient, Decide, and Act) Loop. A conservative fleet size estimate, given the uncertainties of thecoverage overlap and radar detection range, a fleet size of 35 should be anticipated given an UAV detection range of 20km and radar coverage overlap of 4 seconds.
15. NUMBER OFPAGES
14. SUBJECT TERMS
Integrated Command and Control (c2) Architectures, UAV, USV, UGV,UUV, UMS, UMS Management, Joint Systems Vehicles Concepts.
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20. LIMITATION OFABSTRACT
tandard Form 298 (Rev. 2-89)Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239-18