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An Integrated Command and Control Architecture Concept for Unmanned Systems in the Year 2030 (June, 2010)

An Integrated Command and Control Architecture Concept for Unmanned Systems in the Year 2030 (June, 2010)

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Published by RemixNinja
Abstract - U.S. Forces require an integrated Command and Control Architecture that enables operations of a dynamic mix of manned and unmanned systems. The level of autonomous behavior correlates to: 1) the amount of trust with the reporting vehicles, and 2) the multi-spectral perspective of the observations. The intent to illuminate the architectural issues for force protection in 2030 was based on a multi-phased analytical model of High Value Unit (HVU) defense. The results showed that autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles are required to defeat high-speed incoming missiles. To evaluate the level of autonomous behavior required for an integrated combat architecture, geometric distributions were modeled to determine force positioning, based on a scenario driven Detect-to-Engage timeline. Discrete event simulation was used to schedule operations, and a datalink budget assessment of communications to determine the critical failure paths in the the integrated combat architecture. The command and control principles used in the integrated combat architecture were based on Boyd’s OODA (Obseve, Orient, Decide, and Act) Loop. A conservative fleet size estimate, given the uncertainties of the coverage overlap and radar detection range, a fleet size of 35 should be anticipated given an UAV detection range of 20km and radar coverage overlap of 4 seconds.

**The views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.**
Abstract - U.S. Forces require an integrated Command and Control Architecture that enables operations of a dynamic mix of manned and unmanned systems. The level of autonomous behavior correlates to: 1) the amount of trust with the reporting vehicles, and 2) the multi-spectral perspective of the observations. The intent to illuminate the architectural issues for force protection in 2030 was based on a multi-phased analytical model of High Value Unit (HVU) defense. The results showed that autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles are required to defeat high-speed incoming missiles. To evaluate the level of autonomous behavior required for an integrated combat architecture, geometric distributions were modeled to determine force positioning, based on a scenario driven Detect-to-Engage timeline. Discrete event simulation was used to schedule operations, and a datalink budget assessment of communications to determine the critical failure paths in the the integrated combat architecture. The command and control principles used in the integrated combat architecture were based on Boyd’s OODA (Obseve, Orient, Decide, and Act) Loop. A conservative fleet size estimate, given the uncertainties of the coverage overlap and radar detection range, a fleet size of 35 should be anticipated given an UAV detection range of 20km and radar coverage overlap of 4 seconds.

**The views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.**

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Published by: RemixNinja on Jun 21, 2011
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NPS-SE-10-003
NAVALPOSTGRADUATESCHOOL
MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA
INTEGRATED PROJECT
An Integrated Command and Control Architecture Concept forUnmanned Systems in the Year of 2030
ByOmari D Buckley Dustin Cunningham Dion G. FontenotJamarr J. Johnson Adam Matthews Michael G. MoranDrew J. Nilsson Keith E. Quincy Bradley G. ThompsonAng Teo Hong Ng Yeow Cheng Tommy ChiaTan Wei Chieh Chia Boon Chye Yionon CosticaLim Wei Han Eugene Ng Wei Gee Delvin GhoLo Chee Hun Tan Chin Wah John Ang Kha LunaLu Chin Leong Tong Kee Leong Quek Chee LunaToh Boo Pin Raymond Quah Henry SeetGabriel Tham Tan Yean Wee Lim Han WeiJason Wong Ting Chi Yon Wong Ka-YoonHo Liang Yoong
June 2010
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Prepared for the Chairman of the Systems Engineering Department in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masterof Science in Systems Engineering Analysis (SEA)
 
 
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK
 
 
REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
 
Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188
 
Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction,searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Sendcomments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, toWashington headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC 20503.
 
1. AGENCY USE ONLY
(Leave blank)
 
2. REPORT DATE
 June 2010
3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED
 Technical Report
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE
An Integrated Command and Control Architecture
C
oncept for Unmanned Systems in the Year 2030
6. AUTHOR(S)
Keith E. Quincy, Jamarr J. Johnson, Michael G. Moran, Drew J.Nilsson, and Bradley G. Thompson
5. FUNDING NUMBERS N/A7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
Naval Postgraduate SchoolMonterey, CA 93943-5000
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATIONREPORT NUMBER
NPS-SE-10-003
9. SPONSORING /MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
N/Naval Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC)
10. SPONSORING/MONITORINGAGENCY REPORT NUMBER
 
11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES:
The views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not reflect the official policyor position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.
12a. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT
 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE
 A
13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words)
U.S. Forces require an integrated Command and Control Architecture that enables operations of a dynamicmix of manned and unmanned systems. The level of autonomous behavior correlates to: 1) the amount of trust withthe reporting vehicles, and 2) the multi-spectral perspective of the observations.The intent to illuminate the architectural issues for force protection in 2030 was based on a multi-phasedanalytical model of High Value Unit (HVU) defense. The results showed that autonomous unmanned aerial vehiclesare required to defeat high-speed incoming missiles.To evaluate the level of autonomous behavior required for an integrated combat architecture, geometricdistributions were modeled to determine force positioning, based on a scenario driven Detect-to-Engage timeline.Discrete event simulation was used to schedule operations, and a datalink budget assessment of communications todetermine the critical failure paths in the the integrated combat architecture.The command and control principles used in the integrated combat architecture were based on Boyd’sOODA (Obseve, Orient, Decide, and Act) Loop. A conservative fleet size estimate, given the uncertainties of thecoverage overlap and radar detection range, a fleet size of 35 should be anticipated given an UAV detection range of 20km and radar coverage overlap of 4 seconds.
15. NUMBER OFPAGES
 407
14. SUBJECT TERMS
Integrated Command and Control (c2) Architectures, UAV, USV, UGV,UUV, UMS, UMS Management, Joint Systems Vehicles Concepts.
16. PRICE CODE
 
17. SECURITYCLASSIFICATION OFREPORT
 Unclassified
18. SECURITYCLASSIFICATION OF THISPAGE
Unclassified
19. SECURITYCLASSIFICATION OFABSTRACT
Unclassified
20. LIMITATION OFABSTRACT
UU
NSN 7540-01-280-5500
S
tandard Form 298 (Rev. 2-89)Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239-18
 

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