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Pap Smear Test

Pap Smear Test

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Published by iangould12
The Papanicolaou test (also called Pap smear, Pap test, cervical smear, or smear test) is a screening test used in gynecology to detect premalignant and malignant (cancerous) processes in the ectocervix.
http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/2392/cervical-smear-test-pap-test/
The Papanicolaou test (also called Pap smear, Pap test, cervical smear, or smear test) is a screening test used in gynecology to detect premalignant and malignant (cancerous) processes in the ectocervix.
http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/2392/cervical-smear-test-pap-test/

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: iangould12 on Jun 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/14/2013

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Pap smear testPap smear test
Given by Docurs.comGiven by Docurs.com
 
I
ntroduction
I
ntroduction
The Papanicolaou test (also called Pap smear, Pap test, cervicalThe Papanicolaou test (also called Pap smear, Pap test, cervicalsmear, or smear test) is a screening test used in gynecology tosmear, or smear test) is a screening test used in gynecology todetect premalignant and malignant (cancerous) processes in thedetect premalignant and malignant (cancerous) processes in theectocervix. Significant changes can be treated, thus preventingectocervix. Significant changes can be treated, thus preventingcervical cancer. The test was invented by and named after thecervical cancer. The test was invented by and named after theprominent Greek doctor Georgios Papanikolaou. An anal Pap smear prominent Greek doctor Georgios Papanikolaou. An anal Pap smear is an adaptation of the procedure to screen and detect anal cancers.is an adaptation of the procedure to screen and detect anal cancers.
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n taking a Pap smear, a speculum is used to gather cells from the
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n taking a Pap smear, a speculum is used to gather cells from theouter opening of the cervix of the uterus and the endocervix. Theouter opening of the cervix of the uterus and the endocervix. Thecells are examined under a microscope to look for abnormalities.cells are examined under a microscope to look for abnormalities.The test aims to detect potentially preThe test aims to detect potentially pre--cancerous changes (calledcancerous changes (called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (C
IN
) or cervical dysplasia), whichcervical intraepithelial neoplasia (C
IN
) or cervical dysplasia), whichare usually caused by sexually transmitted human papillomavirusesare usually caused by sexually transmitted human papillomaviruses(HPVs).(HPVs).Continue«Continue«
 
Continue«Continue«
The test remains an effective, widely used method for earlyThe test remains an effective, widely used method for earlydetection of predetection of pre--cancer and cervical cancer. The test may alsocancer and cervical cancer. The test may also detect infections and abnormalities in the endocervix anddetect infections and abnormalities in the endocervix andendometrium.endometrium.
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n general, in countries where Pap smear screening is routine, it is
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n general, in countries where Pap smear screening is routine, it isrecommended that females, aged 18 to 65, who have had sex, seekrecommended that females, aged 18 to 65, who have had sex, seekregular Pap smear testing. Guidelines on frequency vary fromregular Pap smear testing. Guidelines on frequency vary fromannually to every five years.
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f results are abnormal, and dependingannually to every five years.
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f results are abnormal, and dependingon the nature of the abnormality, the test may need to be repeatedon the nature of the abnormality, the test may need to be repeatedin six to twelve months.
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f the abnormality requires closer scrutiny,in six to twelve months.
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f the abnormality requires closer scrutiny,the patient may be referred for detailed inspection of the cervix bythe patient may be referred for detailed inspection of the cervix bycolposcopy. The patient may also be referred for HPV D
N
 A testing,colposcopy. The patient may also be referred for HPV D
N
 A testing,which can serve as an adjunct to Pap testing. Additional biomarkerswhich can serve as an adjunct to Pap testing. Additional biomarkerswhich may be applied as ancillary test with Pap test are evolvingwhich may be applied as ancillary test with Pap test are evolving

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