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Speech Recognition 2

Speech Recognition 2

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Published by Mudit Misra

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Published by: Mudit Misra on Jun 21, 2011
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Speech RecognitionSpeech Recognition
FromFromJudith A. Markowitz. Using Speech Recognition,Judith A. Markowitz. Using Speech Recognition,Prentice Hall, NJ, 1996Prentice Hall, NJ, 1996Guojun Lu. Multimedia Database ManagementGuojun Lu. Multimedia Database ManagementSystems, Chapter 5, Artech House, 1999Systems, Chapter 5, Artech House, 1999
 
Speech RecognitionSpeech Recognition
PreprocessingPreprocessing
Digitize and represent waveformsDigitize and represent waveforms
Feature extraction (10 ms frame)Feature extraction (10 ms frame)
Important Feature:Important Feature:
MelMel--frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) developed based on howfrequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) developed based on how human hears soundhuman hears sound
Recognition: Identify what the user has saidRecognition: Identify what the user has said
Three approachesThree approaches
Template matchingTemplate matching
AcousticAcoustic--phonetic recognition (e.g., FastTalk) phonetic recognition (e.g., FastTalk)
Stochastic processingStochastic processing
 
T
erminology
T
erminology
Phoneme: the smallest unit of sound that is uniquePhoneme: the smallest unit of sound that is unique(distinguishing one word from another word for a(distinguishing one word from another word for agiven language)given language)
Example:Example:
The words ³The words ³sseat´, ³eat´, ³mmeat´, ³eat´, ³b beat´, ³eat´, ³ccheat´ are differentheat´ are different words since the initial sound is a separate phoneme inwords since the initial sound is a separate phoneme inEnglish.English.
About 40About 40--50 phonemes in English50 phonemes in English
Abnormal: AE B N AO R M AX LAbnormal: AE B N AO R M AX L

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