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Techniques for Taxonomical and Pharma Cog Nos Ti Cal Identification of Plants and Herbaria Preparat

Techniques for Taxonomical and Pharma Cog Nos Ti Cal Identification of Plants and Herbaria Preparat

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Published by Mudit Misra

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Published by: Mudit Misra on Jun 21, 2011
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06/21/2011

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SP Jain
Department of Botany and PharmacognosyCentral Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic PlantsLucknow
Techniques for Taxonomical andPharmacognostical Identification of plants and Herbaria Preparations
 
TaxaTaxonomic charactersUseofhabitandimportancetomanascharactersUseofasmanycharactersaspossibletogrouptaxaUseofasmanycharactersaspossibleplusphylogeneticevolutionaryinterpretationArtificial ClassificationNatural ClassificationPhylogenetic Classification
Plant Classification
It is not possible to any one to study all plantsindividually, hence plants are grouped into classes, subclassand families. There are three main types of classification sthese are:
 
1.
Artificial:
This system classified plants by means of one or a fewimportant characters, which may help in the identification
viz. Linnaeus
, (1707-1778). Linnaeus proposed bisexualsystem of classification in³Genera Plantarum´
Thiswasbaseduponthenumericalrelationshiponfloralparts(viz
.
stamens,calyx)
.
H
e used only one attribute, i.e. no. of stamens and grouped plants into 24 classes.
1.
Artifical2
.
Natural3
.
Phylogenetic
.
F
or example:Phanerograms(
1
) Monadria stamen ±One(2) Diandaria stamen s±Two(3) Icosandria
19
stamens(24) Cryptomeria (
F
lower Conceled)

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