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Inspection of Waste Extracted by Different Machines of Spinning Department.

Inspection of Waste Extracted by Different Machines of Spinning Department.

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Published by: M Ammar Naeem Bhatti on Jun 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/19/2014

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TITLE:-
 
Inspection of waste extracted by different machines of spinning department.
Objectives:
To become familiar with analysis and principles of extraction of waste. The spinningwaste from cotton consists of:
 
I.
 
Du
st, Lint and sand particles
II.
 
Metallic particles
III.
 
Vegetable imp
u
rities
IV.
 
Short fibers
emoval Procedure:
Except metal particles, others are removed by beaters while metal particles areremoved by magnet.
Principles of Extraction:
a.
 
A
ction of opposing spikes.
 b.
 
A
ction of air c
u
rrents.
c.
 
A
ction of beaters.The range of opening and cleaning machinery in blow room vary depending
u
 pon the typesand grades of cotton to be processed.They consist of n
u
mber of machines
u
sed in s
u
ccession to open and clean the cotton to the req
u
ireddegree. The actions of machinery in any blow room are given as:1.
A
ction of opposing spikes2.
A
ction of air c
u
rrents3.
A
ction of beaters4. Reg
u
lating action
1.
ACTION OF OPPOSING SPIKES:
The machines b
u
ilt on this action or principle are :
 
 bale breaker 
 
 blending opener 
 
 blending hopper feeder and
 
Reserve hopper feeder The spikes of inclined lattice pick 
u
 p the pieces of cotton carry them to a point where they met by a series of spikes of evener roller which moves on opposing direction. Ro
u
gh combing actionocc
u
rs here and this way material is opened to some extent and by these action large pieces of cotton red
u
ced in size. in this way liberation of d
u
st and sand also occ
u
r set close to the inclinedlattice , the size of pieces of cotton allowed to pass forward will be smaller than if a wide setting is
u
sed.Therefore the degree of opening (t
u
ft size red
u
ction) can be controlled to some extent by this settingcloser settings achieve good opening b
u
t prod
u
ction rate will be lower and more cotton will bedropped back into the hopper so improving the blending of cotton.
 
2
.
ACTION OF AI
CU
RR 
ENTS:
A
ir c
u
rrents play a vital role in blow room d
u
e to which line of these machines is headed as blow room. Movement of cotton materials from machine to machine is normally done by air c
u
rrents that also assist in the separation of lint and trash and carry away fine d
u
st.Large no of fans are
u
sed to achieve pne
u
matic force.THE M
AC
HINES M
A
D
E ON THIS PRIN
C
IPLE
A
RE:
 
PNEUM
A
TI
C
 
D
ELIVERY BOXES
 
C
ON
D
ENSING
CA
GES
 
SHIRLEY PNEUM
A
TI
C
 
D
ELIVERY WHEEL
 
ROT
A
RY FILTERS
A
ll these machines work on the same principle in those air c
u
rrents carries the cotton tosome rotary wheel or cylinder that contains perforations thro
u
gh which air (containing d
u
st) passesand cotton remains on the perforation s
u
rface. The higher the speed of perforated wheel or cylinder thinner will be the film of cotton on its s
u
rface, th
u
s giving the d
u
st a m
u
ch better chance of passingthro
u
gh the perforations with the air c
u
rrents.Therefore high d
u
st cages are
u
sef 
u
l d
u
st remover.For correct working of air c
u
rrents in blow room the following conditions sho
u
ld be considered
 
correct size of fan
 
air tight shooting or piping
 
 pre determined place of entering of air c
u
rrent
 
Proper means of separating air from cotton.
3
.
ACTION OF BEATE
S:
A
s the word indicates, beating is given to fibro
u
s mass by the beaters and fibro
u
s massthrown against a s
u
rface which helps to separate the imp
u
rities from the cotton. Beaters ares
u
 pposed to perform opening action. Beaters are divided into 3 gro
u
 ps.1. Those beaters which strike cotton while it is held by spikes. These beaters are severe in actionand perform the cleaning to large extent. The examples of this gro
u
 p are step cleaner, twin opener,SRRL opener.2. Those beaters which perform the beating action while the material is carried by air c
u
rrents.These beaters are s
u
 pposed to be mild in action and do not perform so m
u
ch cleaning b
u
t do notdamage the fibers. Example is
C
reighton opener 3. Those beaters in which cotton is held by eighther paddle and paddle roller or by a pair of feedrollers.These types of beaters are also good in action and perform m
u
ch cleaning.Examples are: bladed beaters (3 bladed and 2 bladed) , porc
u
 pine beater, krischner beater.
MACHINES:-
1.
 
BLOW
OOM:-
a.
 
Fine opener 1

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