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Renzo Piano Architecture Monograph

Renzo Piano Architecture Monograph

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Published by Gabi Enache

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Gabi Enache on Jun 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/08/2013

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sustainablearchitectures
R-tG.
~S2
arquitecturassostem15les
Fromhisfirstinvestigaionsintobuildingswithdoubleskins,withthermalinsulationandthecapacityforroof-topenergyaccumulation,tohisresearchonthestructuralstrengthofvariousnaturalfibers,RenzoPiano'sworkshavealwaysgonetogetherwithhisresearchintoanduseofcriteriaofsustainabilityandanavoidanceofnon-renewableenergysources,Fromtheconstructionofintelligentbuildingswithaperturesthatopenandcloseinresponsetotheweathertoresearchintotheproductionofnewmaterialsandtherecyclingofoldones,fromtheunderstandingoftopographyintermsofaneconomyofarchitecturaldesigntoanengagementwithotherculturesinordertoshareage-oldwaysofbuilding,theItalianarchitect'sworkhasembracedawiderangeofexperiences,Themostadvancedbuildingsystemsandthemostinexpensivematerialscoexistinthesame
Desdequerealizarasusprimeraspes-
ecologicalspaces,whetherthesequisas
enedificiosconpielesdobies,
arehousing,museums,concerthalls,
:::apacesdeaislar
terrnicamente
los
offices,workshopsorculturalcenters,
nmueblesyacumularenergiaenlascubiertas,hastaqueaplicarasusinvesti-;Jacionessobrelaresistenciaestructuraldealgunasfibrasnaturales,lostrabajos:leRenzoPianocorrenparejosala
investiqacion
y
aplicacion
decriteriosde
sostenibilidad,
laprevisiondela
renovacion
delosrecursos
enerqeticos
para
svitar
suagotamiento.Experienciascomola
construccion
deedificiosinteli-;Jentes,capacesdeabrirycerrarcompuertasatendiendoalaclimatologia
externa,
la
investiqacion
sobrela
produccion
denuevosmateriales,elreciclaje:lelosantiguos,elentendimientodelatopografiaparalaeconomiaproyectual)elacercamientoadiversasculturaspara
compartir
manerasmilenariasde:::onstruirformanpartedelhacerdelarquitectoitaliano.Dela
tecnica
masavan-
zada
almaterialmas
econornico
convivenenlosespacios
ecotoqicos
pensa-:losparaviviendas,museos,auditorios,oficinas,talleres
0
centres
culturales.
 
sustainablearchitecturesRenzoPianoarquitecturassosteniblesTypologyTipologiaCulturalCenterCentroculturalLocationl.ocalizacienNournea.NewCaledoniaAreaSuperficie
7.650
rrr
DateFecha
1998
CulturalCenterin
Nournea
InadesignintendedtorenderhomagetothetraditionalKanakculture,butbyusingcontemporarylanguage,RenzoPianodidtrueanthropologicalresearcrintothenatureofthe"geniusloci",allofwhichculminatedintheJ.M.TjibaouCenter,Madeupoftenspacesofdifferentsizesandfunctions,thecomplexj~groupedtogetherlikehousesinavillage,withpathsandcommunalgreenareas,andinperpetualdialogwiththePacificOcean.ThearchitectrespondedtothebreadthandspecificityoftheprogrambydoingawaywithallEurocentristnotionsofconceptslikecultureorarchitecture.
Tt-is
wastomeancreatingasymboldedicatedtoacivilizationwhosespiritisbothephemeralandintimatelylinkedtonature,andtotheresourcesandmater.a~thisprovides.TheCulturalCenterissituatedonapromontorytotheeastofNournea,andtheconstructionalschemaofitstenbuildings-usingstrutsofdifferentlengtr~andframeworksofwood-isbasedontheevocationofthetallpinespunctuatingthelandscapeandonthehutsofthelocalKanaks.ThewoodusedIS
ro-cc
whichneedslittlemaintenanceandalsorecallstheplantfibersoflocalbuildings.Alongwithlaminatedwood,naturalwoodplusglass.aluminiumandSIalesssteelpanellingwerealsoused.Whiletheoutsideisdeliberatelytraditional,Pianodecidedtoequiptheinsideofeach"house"withthemostmodern
t8C"
nologicalaids.Thoseintendedforexhibitionsarefacedwithpanelswhoseinteriorsurfaceiswhite,thosethataresetupasclassroomsincorporateshelve:forbooks,etc,Furthermore,whenthefunctionofthecabinrequiresit,theroofandlateralsurfacesaretransparent.Theglasspanelshavescreenson;he
8~:
side.Accordingly,andthankstothegentleclimateofNewCaledonia,thesystemofpanelscanbeopenedattimestoincreaseventilation.Added
;0:,
jC~
i~'
windpassingthroughthewoodenslatsproducesauniquewhistlingsound.Thetensingle-themespaces-themajorityofwhichhavethesameheightasanine-storyhouse,28meters-giveontothestreetlinkingthetbree=c~es:rjvillageisdividedinto.ThefirstcontainsapermanentexhibitiononKanakculture,aspacefortemporaryshows,anauditoriumandanopen-airarrc;r
:-,,5:e-
inthesecondresearchworkisundertakenandthereisaconferenceroomandlibrary;inthethird,lastly,activitiesrelatingtodance.music,sc,:::~'"
",r
paintingtakeplace.Enunproyectodestinadoahomenajearlacul-turatradicionalkanakconunlenguajecontem-poraneo,RenzoPianodesarroll6unaverdaderainvestigaci6nantropol6gica
y
debusquedadel
geniusloci
queculmin6enelCentroJ,M,Tji-baou.Formadopordiezespaciosdedimen-siones
y
funcionesdiversas,elconjuntoseagrupacomolascasasdeunpoblado,consusyalosrecursosymaterialesqueesta
0
receEIcentroculturalestasituadoenunproman
ori
senderos,espaciosverdescomunesyenalestedeNourneaybasaelesquemaconsperpetuodialoqoconeloceanoPacifico.tructivodesusdiezedificios-conlistonesdAlaamplitudylapeculiaridaddelprograma,elalturadesigualycimbrasdemadera-enlaevearquitectorespondi6prescindiendodecualquiercaci6ndelosaltospinosquemarcanelpaisajcriterioeurocentricoenconceptoscomoculturaydelaschozasdelospobladoskanak.La
rna
oarquitectura.Setratabadecrearunsimboloderaempleadaeseliroko,querequierepocdedicadoaunacivilizaci6ncuyoespirituesmantenimientoalavezquerecuerdalasfibraefimeroyestaintimamenteligadoalanaturalezavegetalesdelasconstruccioneslocale!
Centroculturalen
Noumea
I

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