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McCann Appraisal LLC June 20 2011 Review of Cape Vincent Committee EIR

McCann Appraisal LLC June 20 2011 Review of Cape Vincent Committee EIR

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McCann Appraisal LLC June 20 2011 Review of Cape Vincent Committee EIR
McCann Appraisal LLC June 20 2011 Review of Cape Vincent Committee EIR

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500 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 300 Chicago, Illinois 60611PHONE: (312) 644-0621 FAX: (312) 644-9244
McCann Appraisal, LLC
Real Estate Appraisers & Consultants
 June 20, 2011Wind Turbine Economic Impact Committee (Committee)Town of Cape Vincent, New YorkRe: Review of Cape Vincent Wind TurbineEconomic Impact – Final Report October 7, 2010 (EIR)Dear Committee Members:As requested, I am submitting this real estate review of the EIR undertaken by theappointed Cape Vincent Wind Turbine Economic Impact Committee (Committee), for consideration and use by Town planning and zoning officials in addressing the complianceof the proposed wind energy projects in the Cape Vincent area with typical zoning andland use requirements that must be met for approval of the Project(s).As this review is focused on the Committee’s EIR, McCann Appraisal, LLC (McCann) hasnot made specific reference to the applicable codes, ordinances or regulations. However,my review recognizes that special permits or special use zoning approval for a variety of land uses, including large-scale wind energy turbine projects, require that the proposeduse will not have an adverse effect on the market value, use, enjoyment or developmentpotential of other property in the neighborhood or surrounding area.Also applicable from a real estate, land use and zoning perspective is my review of theHessler Associates, Inc. Noise Impact Assessment report issued April 13, 2010. (HAIreport). The McCann review of the HAI report is not undertaken as a technical acousticengineering evaluation but, rather, to the extent that it overlaps with real estate issues.More specifically, the question from a real estate perspective is whether or not the HAInoise study demonstrates that the quality of life, peaceful use and enjoyment, aestheticsand overall marketability of residential and related property will be adversely impacted asa result of the wind project(s).
Professional Opinions
My professional opinions are effective as of the current date. My review of the CapeVincent EIR and this Consulting Report have been prepared and submitted pursuant toapplicable licensing laws that mandate compliance with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP), and my opinions are certified accordingly.
 
 
McCann Appraisal, LLC
2Briefly stated, based upon my review of the Committee EIR, as well as the location of the proposed facilities, the density, height, type and intensity of the proposed utilityscale turbines, along with my independent and ongoing research of real estate andproperty value impacts near turbines, the EIR is correct in identifying significant valueloss potential as a result of the two wind turbine projects proposed, or as a singleproject. While estimates were made in the EIR based upon 1,000 to 3,000 footsetbacks, there are numerous examples of value losses at even greater distances;some in excess of three (3) miles.
Background
The issue of impacts, whether they be noise, health, aesthetics or property value mustbe understood in the correct scale. While developers typically try to address the scalein terms of feet and meters, the prior impacts have been measured and experienced ona scale of miles and kilometers. Thus, McCann has concluded that the impacts are far more likely to become a significant issue for a greater number of properties and ownersthan the EIR anticipates using the 1,000 – 3,000 foot setback scale.With a reported Assessed Value total of over $310 million for the entire Town of CapeVincent, I concur with the conclusions indicated in the EIR that a significant risk isrepresented by the proposed wind turbine projects, as a large portion of the value baseis located within a few miles of the proposed turbines. Waterfront property and propertywith prime views and vistas are particularly vulnerable to higher dollar loss, if not thepercentage of value, since many waterfront homes are second homes or retirementhomes, and buyers/owners are not motivated by local employment trends. While theimpacts may take years to be fully documented and the loss of tax revenue to becomemanifest, the underlying value loss sets the stage for a serious disruption of normalgovernmental operations, funding and resolution of assessment appeals by thoseadversely impacted by the turbines.The EIR includes examples from other locations that address or report impacts fromwind projects, including prior work of McCann, which empirically demonstrate that windturbines are not compatible with adjacent and nearby residential uses and, specifically,will have a significant averse effect on the market value of the neighboring residentialproperty at ranges of 2 to 3 miles, or more in some cases if/when noise impacts and/or health impacts exceed these setback distances.Further, to my knowledge, the Applicants have failed to even attempt to mitigate theimpact on aesthetics and values of residential properties, as could have beenaccomplished to some degree with the provision for a developer Property ValueGuarantee (PVG).In my experience with reviewing the impacts experienced at dozens of wind turbinedevelopments, the applications usually indicate and assure little or no impact related tonoise, health, property values, flicker effect, TV reception, etc. However, the marketevidence is overwhelming that a great number of wind projects fail to meet suchassurances in reality, after the projects are built and operating.
 
 
McCann Appraisal, LLC
3 McCann has also considered the statements and data contained in the HAI report, inorder to determine if data supplied by a pending project developer is consistent with themarket-based reports that often precede diminished quality of life and related marketbased real experience of value losses. The HAI report states:“…
under normal day-today circumstances of wind and weather operational sounds fromthe project are likely to be audible much of the time
.”The audible nature of some noise levels is an established and commonly known impact,and is often the limited basis for local noise ordinances. The HAI report also recognizesthat even the limited audible testing or analysis does not prevent audible noise beyondthe minimal ordinance standards, which are not specifically designed for large-scaleturbine projects. It states:
 Atmospheric phenomena, such as temperature inversions, can also temporarily elevateor enhance the Project sound level at a given location, particularly at night.” 
 The HAI report further states:
“In short, wind and weather conditions are likely to develop from time to time causing Project sound levels to increase, sometimes substantially, over the mean predicted level but, based on field measurements of similar projects, these essentially “ 
unavoidableexcursions” 
are infrequent and short-lived - and the vast majority of the time sound levels will be close to the mean predicted value.” 
 McCann Appraisal notes that HAI acknowledges the project will be audible much of thetime in “normal” conditions, and that atmospheric conditions can exacerbate or intensifywind noise impacts, particularly at night. These kinds of “unavoidable excursions” arepart of the noise impacts that are documented in a multitude of turbine projects, andwhich are directly related to quality of life and peaceful use and enjoyment of manyproject neighbors.From a real estate perspective, it is a simple matter to mitigate against the majority of noise related sleep disturbances, by turning them off at night when neighbors are tryingto sleep. Health issues also correlate to noise and sleep disturbance, and the propertyvalue declines measured in multiple turbine project locations confirms there is a stigma,or market aversion to buying homes in project areas. The wide and varied impacts canbe and are different at specific homes, locations, terrains, and even different ‘”receptor”sensitivity to impacts, some of which are not specifically codified using audible noisestandards exclusively. Infrasound, low frequency noise and “wind turbine syndrome”symptoms are commonly associated together by numerous independent accounts, evenwhen existing local noise levels are not exceeded.Thus, compliance with local noise ordinances is not directly correlated to any avoidanceor 
mitigation
of noise impacts on property values, the evidence of which is measured in

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