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WardRedistricting2011SubcommitteeANCSMDGuidanceMemo

WardRedistricting2011SubcommitteeANCSMDGuidanceMemo

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Published by: CMMichaelABrown on Jun 21, 2011
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06/21/2011

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1
COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIACOMMITTEE OF THE WHOLESUBCOMMITTEE ON REDISTRICTING
1350 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20004
To:
All Councilmembers
From:
Michael Brown, Co-Chairperson, Committee of the Whole, Subcommittee onRedistrictingJack Evans, Co-Chairperson, Committee of the Whole, Subcommittee onRedistricting
Date:
June 21, 2011
Subject:
ANC Redistricting ProceduresI. PurposeThese procedures govern the process of adjusting the boundaries of AdvisoryNeighborhood Commission (" ANC") areas to meet the statutory requirements of the D.C. Code,based on the 2010 Census.II. AuthorityUnder § 1-1041.01 of the D.C. Code, the Council of the District of Columbia ("Council")is required to appoint ward task forces to recommend adjustment of the boundaries of the ANCarea and single-member districts. Redistricting falls within the purview of the Committee of theWhole, Subcommittee on Redistricting under the Council's Rules of Organization and Procedurefor Council Period 19. The following rules of procedure are hereby established.III. Appointment of Task ForcesPer § 1-1041.01 of the D.C. Code, each ward Councilmember shall appoint a broadly-based task force on ANCs for his or her ward (this should reflect the newly approved boundariesrather than the current ward boundaries). In appointing the ward task force, each Councilmembershall give full consideration to ensuring fair representation for all genders, racial and ethnicminorities, and geographical areas within the ward. Each member of the ward task force must bea registered voter and a resident of that ward.
 
2Each ward Council member is responsible for appointing the chair of the ward task force.Each At-Large Councilmember and the Council Chairman may appoint a person to each wardtask force. The members of the ward task force shall serve until the task force files its report, andthe members will not be compensated. Area business owners and other community stakeholdersmay participate as non-voting members of the task force.IV. Task Force MeetingsThe ward task force shall notify the Subcommittee on Redistricting of its first meeting,and all substantive meetings thereafter. Representatives from the Board of Elections and Ethicsand the Office of Planning will attend the first meeting in order to give an informational briefingand disseminate maps and other information necessary to complete the task.V. Task Force ReportEach ward task force must submit a report to the Council not later than 90 days after theWard Redistricting Plan is approved by the Mayor, or in the event of a veto by the Mayor, actionby the Council to override the veto. The report must contain recommendations for theadjustment of the boundaries of the ANC areas and Single-member districts for that ward, aswell as any other recommendations with respect to the operation of ANCs which the task forcefeels are appropriate.VI. Task Force ProceduresA. Each ward Councilmember should assist their task force with developing rules andprocedures to govern the group’s work. This should include but is not limited to the process bywhich the final task force report is adopted before submission to the Council.B. A public hearing should be held in each Ward as part of the task force’s duty.C. All ward task force meetings should be public. As such, there should be public noticeof each meeting and each meeting should be held in a venue accessible to the public.VII. Establishment of BoundariesA. Population
 
3Each single-member district shall have a population of approximately 2,000 people, andshall be as nearly equal as possible. The boundaries shall conform to the greatest extent possiblewith the 2010 census block boundaries established by the Bureau of the Census.Each ANC area shall be located to the greatest extent possible within the boundaries of one election ward. An ANC area may be located within two election wards if the location resultsfrom the limitations of census geography or if the location promotes a rational public policy,including but not limited to, respect for the natural geography of the District of Columbia,neighborhood cohesiveness, or the development of compact and contiguous areas.The total District population and the population of defined sub-units of the Districtpopulation as determined by the 2010 census, or any official adjustment to the federal decennialcensus, shall be the exclusive permissible population data for changing the single memberdistrict boundaries.No redistricting plan or proposed amendment to a plan shall result in ANC districtpopulations with a deviation range greater than 10% or a relative deviation greater than plus orminus 5%, unless the deviation results from the limitations of census geography or from thepromotion of a rational public policy, including but not limited to, respect for the naturalgeography of the District of Columbia, neighborhood cohesiveness, or the development of compact and contiguous districts.The statute allows for a relative deviation of plus or minus five percent (100 persons)from the ideal single member district population, and for an overall deviation range of up to 10%from the smallest to the largest single member district. Based on these provisions, the singlemember district boundaries should be adjusted as shown below:Average (ideal) SMD size: 2,000Allowable 5% deviation: ± 100Maximum SMD size: 2,100 (Ideal + 5%)Minimum SMD size: 1,900 (Ideal - 5%)B. Vote Dilution ProhibitedNo redistricting plan or proposed amendment to a redistricting plan shall be considered if the plan or amendment has the purpose and effect of diluting the voting strength of minoritycitizens.C. Block Splitting ProceduresThe ANC and SMD boundaries should conform to the greatest extent possible to thecensus block boundaries, because census data is reported only by whole census blocks. If acensus block must be split due to an unreasonably large population deviation, technical supportmust be sought from the Office of Planning.

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