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Analog and Digital Communication

Analog and Digital Communication

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Published by: nofeelingrahul on Jun 22, 2011
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06/22/2013

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THE INDIAN ENGINEERING COLLEGE
VADAKKANKULAMDEPARTMENT OF ELECTRON
I
CS AND COMMUN
I
CAT
I
ONENGG.
CS 36 ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION(III SEMESTER CSE )
 Preparedby,SUJITH.V(LECTURER/ECE)
 
2 MARK QUESTIONSUnit-I
1
. Define Modulation &Amplitude Modulation.
I
t is the pro
c
ess of changing the parameter of the
c
arrier wave in a
cc
ordan
c
e with theinstantaneous value of the message signal.
I
t is the pro
c
ess by whi
c
h the amplitude of the
c
arrier wave is
c
hanged in a
cc
ordan
c
e with theinstantaneous value of the message signal.
2. Define Under modulation.
If the modulation index value m<
1
, (i.e)V
m
<V
c
.Thenthe envelope of AM signal does not rea
c
h the zeroamplitude axis. Hen
c
e the message signal is fullypreserved in the envelope of the AM wave. This is knownas under modulation.
3. Define modulation index for AM
I
t is defined as the ratio of the maximum modulating voltage to themaximumcarrier voltage. It is also called as‘Depth of modulation’. M
a
=Vm / Vc
4. What is the relation between total power and carrier power?Pt = Pc (1 + M
a
 
2
/2)
Pt : Total powerPc : Carrier powerM
a
:Modulation index
5. A 400W carrier is modulated to a depth of 75%. Calculate the total power in the modulatedwave?
Solution:Pc = 400 Wm = 0.75Pt=?Pt = Pc ( 1 + m
2
/2 )Pt =400 (1+0.75
2
/2)Pt=512.5 W
6. What is the relation between total power and carrier power?
 
I
t
=I
c
 
(1+m
2
/2)
½
7. The antenna
c
urrent of an AM transmitter is 8A when only
c
arrier is sent.
I
t in
c
reases to 8.93A when the
c
arrier ismodulated by a single sine wave. Find the per
c
entagemodulation.
Given
: Ic =
8A
It=
8.93Am=0.8
It=Ic
 
(
1
+m
2
/2)
½
8.93=8(
1
+m
2
/2)
½
m=0.70
1
8. What is the bandwidth of AM?
Bandwidth =2fm
9. Draw the frequen
c
y spe
c
trum of DSB
1
0. Compare AM with DSB-SC and SSB-SC.
AM signalDSB-SCSSB-SCBandwidth=2f 
m
Bandwidth=2f 
m
Bandwidth=f 
m
Contains USB, LSB,
c
arrierContains USB,LSBContains LSB or USB

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