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Microwave Engineering by David Portzar 3rd Edition

Microwave Engineering by David Portzar 3rd Edition

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09/20/2012

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Preface
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--.**-lBecauseeducationshould betheaccumulation ofunderstanding,notjustan accumulationof facts,I havetried to writea textbook thatemphasizes he fundamentalconcepts ofelectromagnetics,wave propagation,network analysis,and design principlesasappliedto modernmicrowaveengineering.AlthoughIhave avoided the handbookapproach, inwhicha largeamountofinformationispresentedwith littleornoexplanationor context, aconsiderableamount of materialin this book is relatedto thedesign ofspecific microwayecircuitsandcomponents, orbothpracticalandmotivational value. Ihave triedtopresenttheanalysisandlogicbehindthesedesigns so thatthe reader can seeand understandheprocessof applyingfundamentalconcepts o arriveat useful results.The engineerwho hasa firm graspof thebasic conceptsandprinciplesof microwave engineering,and has seenhow thesecan be appliedtowarda specificdesignobjective,isthe engineerwho is mostlikelyto be rewardedwitha creativeandproductivecareer.Modernmicrowaveengineeringnvolvespredominantlydistributedcircuit analysisanddesign,n contrasto the waveguideand field theoryorientation of earlier generations.Themajorityof microwaveengineerstodaydesignplanarcomponents andintegrated circuitswithoutdirect recoursetoelectromagneticanalysis. Microwavecomputer-aideddesign(CAD)softwareandnetworkanalyzersare heessential oolsoftoday'smicrowaveengineer,and microwaveengineeringeducation must respondto thisshiftinemphasis o networkanalysis,planarcircuits andcomponents,and activecircuit design.Microwaveengineeringwillalwaysinvolveelectromagneticsmanyofthe more sophisticatedmicrowaveCADpackagesmplementrigorousfieldtheory solutions),and studentswill stillbenefitfromanexposureo subjectssuchas waveguidemodesand coupling throughapertures,but thechangen emphasiso microwavecircuitanalysisand design s clear.Microwaveand RF technologys morepervasivehan ever.This isespecially rue n thecommercialsector,wheremodernapplications ncludecellular telephony,personalcoillmu-nicationssystems,wirelesslocal area data networks,millimeter wavecollision avoidancevehicleradars,direct broadcastsatellites or radioand television,globalpositioningsys-tems,radio frequencydentificationtagging, ultrawideband radio andradar systems,andmicrowaveremotesensingsystems orthe environment.Defense systemscontinue to relyheavilyon microwavetechnologyforpassiveand active sensing,communications, andweaponscontrol systems.Thisstate of affairssuggests hat therewill be noshortageofchallenging problemsinRF and microwaveengineeringin the foreseeablefuture, andaclearneed forengineers havingboth an understandingof the fundamentalsof microwaveengineeringaswellas he creativityto applythis knowledgeoproblemsofpracticalnterest.
 
viPrefaceThe success f thefirst two editions ofMicrowaveEngineeringhasbeengratifying.Forthiseditionwesoliciteddetailedeedback rom teachersandreaders or theirthoughtsaboutwhattopics shouldbedeletedand added.There wasalmostno agreement nspecificmaterialto remove(itseemed hat almostevery opic in thebookwas being usedbysomeone).Therewas,however, airly uniformagreement nfavorof more material on activecircuit designandrelated opics.Tothis endwehave ncreased henumber of chaptersrom12 to 13 andhave addednew materialonnoise,nonlineareffects,RF MEMs, diode andtransistordevicecharacteristics".Jan$istorpqwef-aniplifiers,FETmixers,transistor oscillators,oscillatorphase nois'b, and frequency:rhultipliers.Sectionionintermodulationproducts,dynamicrange,mixers, antennas,andreceiver design.havebeen completelyrewritten.Numerousnewor revised exqhplbs andproblems"have beenadded, with severalof these related topraclicaldesignprobierns:jnvolvingplanarcir0uits and components. Anothernew featureof thisedition is- a list ofAnswers to SelectedProblemsat the end ofthe book.Topicsthathave been cutforthis editioninclude theuniquenesstheorem, Fabry-Perotresonato$,electronicwarfare, and someexampleselated towaveguides.This text is written fora two-semestercoursen microwave engineering,or seniorsor first-yeargraduatestudents.f studentshave agoodbackgroundn undergraduateelec-tromagnetics,he materialin Chapters I and 2 canbereviewed fairlyquickly.Studentswithless background shouldstudy this materialinmore detail. Chapters3-13 canthen befollowedin sequence, ut itis likely that theinstructorwill want to choosebetweena fieldtheoryemphasisChapters3-9, I3), or more ofacircuit design emphasisChapters4-8,10-12).Alternatively,it ispossibleto focus exclusivelyon microwavecircuitdesign byselectivelycovering Chapters2,4-8, and 10-13, avoidingthematerial onelectromagneticanalysis.Two important tems thatshould be ncludednasuccessfulourseonmicrowaveengi-neeringare the use of computer-aideddesign(CAD)simulation softwareand amicrowavelaboratory experience.Providing studentswith accesso CAD softwareallowsthem toverifyresults of the design-orientedproblemsin thetext,givingimmediatefeedback hatbuildsconfidence and makesthe effort more rewarding.Because he drudgeryof repetitivecalculationis eliminated, studentscan easily try alternativeapproachesandexploreprob-lemsin more detail. The effectof line losses, or example,s explored nseveralexamplesandproblems-thiswould be effectivelyimpossiblewithout the use of modemCAD tools.In addition,classroomexposure o CADtoolsprovides useful experienceupongraduation.Mostof the commercially availablemicrowave CADtoolsare very expensive,but severalmanufacturersprovideacademic discounts orfreeo'studentversions"of theirproducts.AnsoftCorporation, orexample,hasa studentversionof theirpopularSERENADEpack-age availableor free downloadat their Web site(www.ansoft.com).Ahands-onmicrowavenstructional laboratorysexpensiveo equipbutprovidesthebestway for students o developan intuition andphysicalfeeling for microwavephenom-ena.A laboratory with thefirst semesterof the coursemight cover themeasurementofmicrowavepower,frequency,standingwave ratio, impedance,and S-parameters,s well asthe characterizationof basicmicrowave componentssuch as tuners, couplers,resonators,loads,circulators, andilters.Importantpracticalknowledgeaboutconnectors,waveguides,andmicrowave test equipmentwill be acquiredinthisway. Alternatively,a more advancedlaboratorysessioncan consider opics such asnoisefigure, intermodulationdistortion,andmixing.Naturally, the typeof experiments hat canbe offeredis heavily dependenton thetest equipmenthat isavailable.With this edition we areable to make availableseveral esources orstudentsand in-structorson the Wiley Website. A sample instructionallaboratory manual,along withSERENADEcircuit files formany of theproblems and examples inthe text, canbefoundat www.wiley.com/college/pozar.An on-linesolution manualforallproblemsn the
 
Preface viitext isavailable toqualifiedinstructors, whomay applyforaccesshroughtheWeb sitewww.wiley.com/college/pozarandgoingtothe Instructor's Companion Site.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Many peopledeservemy thanks or their help n completingthisbook,especially he numer-ous studentsandteacherswhohaveusedhefirst two editions of MicrowaveEngineering.Iwouldalso ike to thankmy colleagues nthe microwaveengineeringgroupatthe Universityof Massachusettst Amherst for their support and collegiality overtheyears.Inparticu-lar,Keith CarverandBobJacksonmade several helpful suggestionsand contributions.Juraj Bartolic(Universityof Zagreb)providedthe simplified derivation of thepr.-parameterstabilitycriteriainChapter 11.Iamgratefulto the followingpeople forproviding pho-tographs:Dr. NareshDeoof Millitech Corp.,Dr. John Bryant of theUniversity of Michigan,Mr.Harry SyrigosofAlpha Industries, Professor CalSwift, Professor Bob Jackson,andMr.B. Hou of theUniversity ofMassachusetts,Mr. J.Wendler of IWA-COM, Dr. MikeAdlersteinand Mr.Mark Russell of RaytheonCompany, Mr. HugoVifian of Hewlett-Packard,andDr.M.Abouzahraof LincolnLaboratory. Finally, Iwouldliketo thankBillZobristandthestaff of John Wiley & Sonsfortheir invaluablehelp andprofessionalismduringthisproject.DavidM. PozarAmherst,MA