There are two common types of heatpumps: air-source heat pumps and geot-hermal heat pumps (GHPs). Either onecan keep your home warm in the winterand cool in the summer. An air-sourceheat pump pulls its heat indoors from theoutdoor air in the winter and from theindoor air in the summer. AGHPextractsheat from the indoor air when it's hot out-side, but when it's cold outside, it drawsheat into a home from the ground, whichmaintains a nearly constant temperatureof 50˚ to 60˚F. This fact sheet focuses onair-source heat pumps, which comprisethe majority of all residential heat pumpapplications.An air-source heat pump can provide effi-cient heating and cooling for your home,especially if you live in a warm climate.When properly installed, an air-sourceheat pump can deliver one-and-a-half tothree times more heat energy to a homecompared to the electrical energy it con-sumes. This is possible because a heatpump moves heat rather than convertingit from a fuel, like in combustion heatingsystems.
How They Work
You might be wondering how an air-source heat pump uses the outdoor winterair to heat a home. Believe it or not: heatcan be harvested from cold outdoor air
This document was produced for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a DOE national laboratory. Thedocument was produced by the Information and Outreach Program at NRELfor the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The Energy Efficiencyand Renewable Energy Clearinghouse (EREC) is operated by NCI Information Systems, Inc., for NREL/ DOE. The statements contained herein are based oninformation known to EREC and NRELat the time of printing. No recommendation or endorsement of any product or service is implied if mentioned by EREC.
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DOE/GO-102001-1113FS143 June 2001
This home in Austin, Texas, features an air-source heat pump.
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