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03 - Circle

# 03 - Circle

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06/30/2015

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PROBLEMS

03 - CIRCLE
Page 1( 1 ) Obtain the equation of the circle passing through the points ( 5,
-
8 ), (
-
2, 9 )and ( 2, 1 ).[ Ans: x
2
+ y
2
+ 116x + 48y
-
285 = 0 ]( 2 ) Find the equation of the circumscribed circle of the triangle formed by three lines givenby x + y = 6, 2x + y = 4 and x + 2y = 5.[ Ans: x
2
+ y
2

-
17x
-
19y + 50 = 0 ]( 3 ) Find centre and radius of the circle whose equation is 4x
2
+ 4y
2

-
12x + 24y + 29 = 0.
2 ,3 , 23 :Ans

( 4 ) Find the equation of the circle touching both the axes and passing through ( 1, 2 ).[ Ans: x
2
+ y
2

-
2x
-
2y + 1 = 0, x
2
+ y
2

-
10x
-
10y + 25 = 0 ]( 5 ) The cartesian equation of the circle is x
2
+ y
2
+ 4x
-
2y
-
4 = 0. Find its parametricequations.
[
Ans: x =
-
2 + 3 cos
θ
, y = 1 + 3 sin
θ
,
θ

(
-
π, π
]
]

( 6 ) Show that the line-segments, joining any point of a semi-circle to the end points of thediameter, are perpendicular to each other.( 7 ) Show that the point ( 4,
-
5 ) is inside the circle x
2
+ y
2

-
4x + 6y
-
5 = 0. Find thepoint on the circle which is at the shortest distance from that point.[ Ans: ( 5,
-
6 ) ]( 8 ) Find the length of the chord of the circle x
2
+ y
2

-
4x
-
2y
-
20 = 0 cut off by the linex + y
-
10 = 0.[ Ans: 2 ]

PROBLEMS

03 - CIRCLE
Page 2( 9 ) Find the mid-point of the chord of the circle x
2
+ y
2
= 16 cut off by the line2x + 3y
-
13 = 0.[ Ans: ( 2, 3 ) ]( 10 ) Find the conditions for the line x cos
α
+ y sin
α
= p to be the tangent to the circlex
2
+ y
2
=
2
.[ Ans: p
2
=
2
]( 11 ) Find the equations of the tangents to the circle x
2
+ y
2
= 17 from the point ( 5, 3 ).[ Ans: 4x
-
y
-
17 = 0, x + 4y
-
17 = 0 ]( 12 ) The lengths of the tangents drawn from a point P to two circles with centre at originare inversely proportional to the corresponding radii. Show that all such points P lieon a circle with centre at origin.( 13 ) Find the measure of an angle between two tangents to the circle x
2
+ y
2
= a
2
drawnfrom the point ( h, k ).[ Ans: 2 tan
-
1
( a
/
222
a k h
-
) ]( 14 ) Find the set of all points P outside a circle x
2
+ y
2
= a
2
such that the tangents tothe circle, drawn from P, are perpendicular to each other.[ Ans: x
2
+ y
2
= 2a
2
]
( 15 ) Find the equation of the circle which passes through the points of intersection of thecircles x
2
+ y
2
= 13 and x
2
+ y
2
+ x
-
y
-
14 = 0 and whose centre lies on theline 4x + y
-
6 = 0.[ Ans: x
2
+ y
2

-
4x + 4y
-
9 = 0 ]( 16 ) Show that the circles x
2
+ y
2

-
2ax + c
2
= 0 and x
2
+ y
2

-
2by
-
c
2
= 0 areorthogonal to each other.

PROBLEMS

03 - CIRCLE
Page 3( 17 ) If the points A ( a, 0 ), A’ (
-
a’, 0 ), B ( 0, b ) and B’ ( 0,
-
b’ ) are on a circle, thenprove that aa’ = bb’. Also find the equation of the circle.[ Ans: x
2
+ y
2

-
( a
-
a’ )x
-
( b
-
b’ )y
-
aa’ = 0 ]( 18 ) Show that the point of intersection of the lines given by 2x
2

-
5xy + 2y
2
+ 7x
-
5y +3 = 0 with the axes lie on a circle. Find its equation.[ Ans: 2x
2
+ 2y
2
+ 7x
-
5y + 3 = 0 ]( 19 ) Find the equation of the circle whose diametrically opposite points are the points of intersection of the line y = mx with the circle x
2
+ y
2

-
2ax = 0.[ Ans: ( 1 + m
2
) ( x
2
+ y
2
)
-
2a ( x + my ) = 0 ]( 20 ) Find the set of the mid-points of the chords of the circle x
2
+ y
2
= a
2
formed by theline passing through ( x
1
, y
1
).[ Ans: S = { ( x, y )
l
x
2
+ y
2

-
x
1
x
-
y
1
y = 0 and x
2
+ y
2
< a
2
} ]( 21 ) Find the equation of the circle which is orthogonal to the circles x
2
+ y
2

-
6x + 1 = 0and x
2
+ y
2

-
4y + 1 = 0 and the centre of which lies on the line 3x + 4y + 6 = 0.[ Ans: 3x
2
+ 3y
2
+ 4x + 6y
-
15 = 0 ]( 22 ) If the centre of the circle passing through the origin and orthogonal to the circlex
2
+ y
2

-
4x + 2y + 4 = 0 lies on the line x + y
-
4 = 0, then find the equation of the circle.[ Ans: x
2
+ y
2

-
4x
-
4y = 0 ]( 23 ) The circle orthogonal to the circles x
2
+ y
2

-
6x + 9 = 0 and x
2
+ y
2

-
2x
-
2y
-
7 = 0passes through the point ( 1, 0 ). Find its equation.[ Ans: x
2
+ y
2

-
4x + 8y + 3 = 0 ]( 24 ) If the circles x
2
+ y
2
+ 2gx + 2fy = 0 and x
2
+ y
2
+ 2g
1
x + 2f
1
y = 0 are tangent toeach other, then show that
1
g = fg
1
.