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Assignment on Comp

Assignment on Comp

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Published by Jesa Rose Tingson

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Published by: Jesa Rose Tingson on Jun 23, 2011
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Optical reader is a device found within mostcomputer scannersthat captures visual information and translates the image intodigitalinformation the computer is capableof understanding and displaying. An example of optical readers are mark sense systems forelectionswhere voters mark  their choice by filling a rectangle, circle or oval, or by completing an arrow. After the voting a tabulating device reads the votes using "dark mark logic", whereby thecomputer selects the darkest mark within a given set as the correct choice or vote.Mark sense is also used extensively in such areas aslotteriesandmultiple choicetests. Barcode readers A (or barcode scanner) is an electronic device for reading printedbarcodes. Like a  flatbed scanner, it consists of a light source, a lens and a light sensor  translating optical impulses into electrical ones. Additionally, nearly all barcodereaders contain decoder circuitry analyzing the barcode's image data provided by thesensor and sending the barcode's content to the scanner's output port. A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storingdata by modifying themagnetismof tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on thecard. The magnetic stripe, sometimes called swipe card or magstripe, is read by physical contact and swiping past a magnetic reading head.
Magnetic Ink Character Recognition, or MICR, is a character recognition technology usedprimarily by the banking industry to facilitate the processing of cheques. The technology allowscomputers to read information (such as account numbers) off printed documents. Unlikebarcodesor similar technologies, however, MICR codes can be easily read by humans. A point-of-sale (POS) terminal is a computerized replacement for a cash register. Much morecomplex than the cash registers of even just a few years ago, the POS system can include theability to record and track customer orders, process credit and debit cards, connect to othersystems in a network, and manage inventory. Generally, a POS terminal has as its core a personal computer, which is provided with application-specific programs and I/O devices for the particular environment in which it will serve. A POS system for a restaurant, for example, islikely to have all menu items stored in a database that can be queried for information in a number of ways. POS terminals are used in most industries that have a point of sale such as service desk, including restaurants, lodging, entertainment, and museums. An automated teller machine (ATM), commonly called a cashpoint and a hole in the wall inUK Englishafter the trademark of the same name, is a computerised telecommunications device that provides theclientsof a  financial institutionwith access to financial transactionsin a  public space without the need for a cashier, human clerk orbank teller. ATMs are known by  various other names including automatic banking machine, cash machine, and various regional variants derived from trademarkson ATM systems held by particular banks.
 
Biometrics consists of methods for uniquely recognizing humans based upon one or moreintrinsicphysical or behavioral traits. Incomputer science, in particular, biometrics is used as a form of identity access managementandaccess control. It is also used to identify individuals in groups that are undersurveillance.
Examples of Output Devices of a Computer
1.
 
Monitor
o
 
The most common computer output device is the monitor or computer screen.Monitors create a visual display from processed data that users can view. Theycome in a variety of screen sizes and visual resolutions.There are two types of computer monitors, CRT and flat panel. CRT monitors use phosphorescent dots to create the pixels that make up display images. Flat panelmonitors usually use LCD or plasma to create output. Light is passed throughliquid crystals to create the pixels.All monitors rely on a video card that is located on the computer motherboard oin a special expansion slot. The video card processes the computer data into imagedetails that the monitors can display.
P
rinter
o
 
P
rinters produce a hard copy version of processed data such as documents and photographs. The computer sends the image data to the printer, which then physically recreates the image onto an object.There are three types of computer printers: ink jet, laser and dot matrix. Inkjet printers spray tiny dots of ink on a surface to create an image. Laser printers usetoner drums that roll through magnetized pigment and then transfer the pigment toa surface. Dot matrix printers use a print head to imbed images on a surface, usingan ink ribbon.
Sp
eakers/Head
ph
ones
o
 
Computersproduce audio data that require output devices such as speakers andheadphones to deliver the sound to the user. Audio data is created by thecomputer and then sent to the audio card, which is located in an expansion slot.The card translates the data into audio signals, which are sent to the audio outputdevice.
CD
/
DVD
/Flo
ppy
 
D
isc
o
 
CD, DVD and floppy disc are output devices that can also be used as storage andinput devices. The computer sends data to the disc, where it is embedded and can be later retrieved.Compact disc, or CD, is an optical device that stores audio and visual data in a
 
digital format. Data is placed on the disc, using a laser writer that embeds the datainto the disc's coating.Digital Versatile Disc, or DVD, is an optical device that stores visual data in amedia format. DVDs feature a dual coating system that allows audio and visualdata to be written at the same time by using a laser.Floppy disc is a magnetic storage device. A layer of magnetized material is placedwithin a proactive plastic casing. The computer embeds the data into themagnetized material, using a writing head.
P
rojector
o
 
P
rojectors are display devices that project a computer created image. Thecomputer sends the image data to the video card which then sends the videoimage to the projector. They are typically used for presentations or for viewingvideos.
P
lotter
o
 
P
lotters create a hard copy rendition of a digitally rendered design. The design issent to the plotter via a graphics card, and creates the design using a pen.Generally used with engineering applications, plotters basically draw an imageusing a series of straight lines.
 
Kinds of Monitors2.
 
CRT Monitors3.
 
Some computer monitors generate output with the help of cathoderay tubes. This type of device is called the CRT (or, cathode ray  tube) monitor. Some computer users prefer this style because itoffers a richly colored display and does not break easily. However,CRT monitors can be bulky and take up a lot of desk space, very heavy to carry, and they require a lot of power to run properly.Moreover, the picture screen can distort, display a "flicker effect,"or burn out over time.4.
 
Flatscreen CRT Monitors5.
 
Basically a CRT monitor with a better picture and a slimmer space-saving form factor. Colors and sharpnessmay be improved from the basic CRT depending on theresolution of the monitor.6.
 
LCD Monitors7.
 
Liquid crystal display (LCD)monitor is the latestdevelopment in monitor technology. LCD and plasma screen styles are relatively thinner and much lighter than their older

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