This report was written by Patricia Gossman, research associate for AsiaWatch, on the basis of research undertaken during a fact-finding mission to Punjaband New Delhi, India, by Gossman and James A. Goldston, an attorney, in November and December 1990. It was edited by April Bernard, Aryeh Neier,executive director of Human Rights Watch, and Goldston. Mary McCoy assistedwith the production of this manuscript.We are grateful to those in Punjab and New Delhi, who assisted us in our work, particularly the residents of Punjab who overcame fear and terror to provideus with information. We are especially grateful to our colleagues in the humanrights community in India, without whose advice and assistance this report wouldnot have been possible. The conclusions we have drawn are the responsibility of Asia Watch alone.