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World Missile Defence-SM6

World Missile Defence-SM6

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Standard Missile-6 (SM-6) Moves Ahead
The Extended Range Active Missile (ERAM) or SM-6 is the nextstep in Anti-ship Cruise Missile (ASCM) defense for the US Navy.The desire for navies around the world to acquire a surface-to-surface missile capacity has been one primary goal of nearly everydeveloping navy since the inception of the ASCM. Nearly everycountry with a coastline has some form of a navy with more thanhalf possessing vessels capable of launching ASCMs. As thenumber of nations with ASCM capabilities increases so does theneed for more capable surface launched air defense missiles.Raytheon Missile Systems will provide this capability with ERAM.SM-6 is the Navy’s next generation naval air defense missile followingover 30 years of defense provided first by the Standard Missile-1and then SM-2.In January 2004, the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA)announced it was planning to award a contract, as a sole-sourceacquisition, to Raytheon Missile Systems to develop and producethe ERAM for an in-service date of 2010. Then, on 3 September2004, Raytheon was awarded a US$440M contract for the SM-6with 80% of the work being done at the Tucson plant and the remainder in Arkansas and Massachusetts.Funding for the project has been addressed in the RDT&E budget until 2009 at which point the funding willlikely fall under the procurement budget as the missile enters service.Additional milestones to be met will consist of a critical design review in fiscal year 2006 with flight-testingexpected to start in 2008.ERAM, designated “Talon” (a continuation of the Standard Missile, Tarter, Terrier, Talos series), is, based onthe target set, expected to utilize the high-performance airframe of the SM-2 Block IVA (although reportingstates Block IV) and the seeker head from the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM)Phase III missile (AIM 120-C7). The addition of the active seeker from the AMRAAM will allow for themissile to engage remote targets (not held on the firing ship’s radars) or targets that are beyond the firecontrol illuminator’s radar horizon over both water and land.Missile guidance laws are generally based on one of several forms of proportional navigation (PN). WhilePN laws are robust, analytically tractable, and computationally simple, they are only optimal in a narrowoperating regime. Consequently, they may not optimizeengagement range, time to intercept, or endgame kinetic energy.The advent of miniaturized high-speed computers has made itpossible to compute optimal trajectories for missiles usingcommand mid-course guidance as well as autonomous onboardguidance. A missile’s kinematic boundary can be described asthe maximum theoretical range at which it can intercept a targetassuming no noise in its sensors. ERAM is capable of utilizingthe full kinematic capability of the missile to greatly expand theboundaries of the battlespace.More »
December 2004
1
SM2 Block IVA Test Launch
1233
 ©2005 - AMI World Missile Systems News is the sole property of AMI International - All rights reserved.
 
December 2004
2
In addition to the employment of the AMRAAMseeker, there will be software enhancements tothe signal processor as well as changes to theguidance system and autopilot functions that willaccommodate a semi-active mode of operation.This semi-active mode will give the missile theability to counter the full spectrum of airbornethreats posed to the fleet, which include not onlyASCMs but also, helicopters, low/slow flyingaircraft, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) andtheater ballistic missiles while reducing the chanceof engaging the wrong target.Although the overall performance of the missileremains classified, it can be assumed the missilewill have approximately the same range as theSM-2 Block IV of 200+ NM if equipped with thesame propulsion stack consisting of the Mk 104dual-thrust rocket motor (boost-sustainer) and theMk 72 solid fuel booster. SM-6 is known to beutilizing the latest blast-fragmentation warheadsimilar to the Mk125 Mod 1 that is currently partof the SM-2 Block IIIB.ERAM will be compatible with the existing AegisWeapon System and launchable from the Mk 41Vertical Launching System (VLS). Thiscompatibility will provide the navies of Japan,South Korea, Spain, and Norway with a long-rangeoption when SM-6 is approved for export.Likewise, Germany and the Netherlands will havean upgrade path from SM-2 Block IIIA. However,ERAM will likely find its first installation aboard theDD(X) and its new Mk 57 Peripheral VLS althoughnot specifically called for in the currentrequirements. The 2010 in-service date coincideswith the completion of the first DD(X) that isscheduled to commission in 2011 where as theCG(X) (which calls for a missile with SM-6’scapabilities) will not commission prior to 2020.According to the Navy, the US$2M missile is“necessary…without it, we have to rely on aweapon that can only be deployed when theenemy is within radar range of a ship.”The enhanced capabilities of ERAM will allow fora fleet air-defense capability that will last well intothe 21
st
century.
Chinese Surface-to-Surface MissileDevelopment
At the China Air Show 2004, Hongdu AviationIndustry Group displayed two new surface-to-surface missiles (SSM), one with two variants, theJJ/TL-6B, JJ/TL-10A and KJ/TL-10B as well asthe redesigned C-701R.The JJ/TL-10 missile appears identical to theIranian TL-10 missiles currently being imported byIran for their China Cat class Fast Attack Craft(FAC). Reports indicate Iran is interested in avariant of the JJ/TL-6 missile when it becomesavailable in the next two years.Test launches of the TL-10 missile by China beganin 1995 with launches from PLAN vessels andshore facilities against target vessels have showngreat success. The JJ/TL-10A is a TV-guided SSMwith a top speed of 0.85 mach with a range of 4 – 18km and contains a semi-armor piercing 30kgwarhead.Brochures from China National Aero TechnologyImport & Export Company (CATIC) list theindigenous FL-8 and FL-9 as being the export TL-10 and TL-6 respectively.The third SSM exhibited, the C-701R, has beenupgraded by replacing the electro-optical seekerwith an advanced radar guidance unit, a longermissile body and solid fins in lieu of pop-out tips.The C-701R with a range of 25km and a speedaround 0.8 mach is also being exported to Iran asan alternative to the TL-10 on the China Cat classFAC.All three missiles and each variant are capable ofbeing adapted for launch from canisters as wellas aircraft. However, the KJ/TL-10B is designatedas air launched only and is reportedly designedfor launch from helicopters.
Standard Missile-6 Moves Ahead (cont.)
Chinese JJ/TL-6B SSM 
 ©2005 - AMI World Missile Systems News ™ is the sole property of AMI International - All rights reserved.
 
December 2004
3
BrahMos (PJ-10) Tests Continue
On 03 November 2004, the Indian Navy successfully tested aBrahMos supersonic anti-ship cruise missile in the Bay of Bengal.The missile was fired from the
INS Rajput 
, a Kashin II classdestroyer that was positioned about 90 km from the Chandipurmissile test range. The missile was fired at 11:18 am at a testship and was said to be successful in destroying the target.The November test marks the seventh successful test firing ofthe missile since 12 June 2001.The Indian BrahMos, which derives its name from the Brahmaputraand Moskva (Moscow) rivers, was developed by an Indo-Russian joint venture after the two countries signed an agreement inFebruary 1998.The 8.3-meter (27.55ft), 3,000 kg (6600 lb) missile is capable ofachieving mach 2.8 and has a range of around 150 NM. Althoughthe warhead is relatively small (300 kg) for the size of the missilebody, BrahMos is capable of carrying a nuclear payload.BrahMos is a two-stage anti-ship missile that contains a solidpropellant booster and a liquid fuel ramjet sustainer capable ofbeing launched from aircraft, land, ships or submarines. It utilizesvarious launching systems including angled canisters, verticallaunch systems, land based mobile erectors and submarinecanisters, both horizontal and vertical. It is also the only supersoniccruise missile that uses liquid ramjet technology.The Indian Navy is currently constructing a variety of newlydesigned surface ships and submarines that will likely be equippedwith both the anti-ship and land attack versions of the BrahMos.It is now to be seen if this Indian and Russian joint venture will beable to successfully sell this new SSM into the international market.
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Land Attack Missiles: A Look at U.S. TacticalTomahawk and French Naval Scalp
In all recent combat operations, there has been an emphasis onpower projection at a distance. In 2003, the war in Iraq moved in-land and out of range very quickly, of all maritime land attackcapabilities with the exception of Tomahawk.As recent conflicts have demonstrated the importance of precision,stand-off land attack weapons, and the United States has limitedthe export market of the Tomahawk, Europe has found itselfsearching for an alternative.More »
 ©2005 - AMI World Missile Systems News ™ is the sole property of AMI International - All rights reserved.

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