In addition to the employment of the AMRAAMseeker, there will be software enhancements tothe signal processor as well as changes to theguidance system and autopilot functions that willaccommodate a semi-active mode of operation.This semi-active mode will give the missile theability to counter the full spectrum of airbornethreats posed to the fleet, which include not onlyASCMs but also, helicopters, low/slow flyingaircraft, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) andtheater ballistic missiles while reducing the chanceof engaging the wrong target.Although the overall performance of the missileremains classified, it can be assumed the missilewill have approximately the same range as theSM-2 Block IV of 200+ NM if equipped with thesame propulsion stack consisting of the Mk 104dual-thrust rocket motor (boost-sustainer) and theMk 72 solid fuel booster. SM-6 is known to beutilizing the latest blast-fragmentation warheadsimilar to the Mk125 Mod 1 that is currently partof the SM-2 Block IIIB.ERAM will be compatible with the existing AegisWeapon System and launchable from the Mk 41Vertical Launching System (VLS). Thiscompatibility will provide the navies of Japan,South Korea, Spain, and Norway with a long-rangeoption when SM-6 is approved for export.Likewise, Germany and the Netherlands will havean upgrade path from SM-2 Block IIIA. However,ERAM will likely find its first installation aboard theDD(X) and its new Mk 57 Peripheral VLS althoughnot specifically called for in the currentrequirements. The 2010 in-service date coincideswith the completion of the first DD(X) that isscheduled to commission in 2011 where as theCG(X) (which calls for a missile with SM-6’scapabilities) will not commission prior to 2020.According to the Navy, the US$2M missile is“necessary…without it, we have to rely on aweapon that can only be deployed when theenemy is within radar range of a ship.”The enhanced capabilities of ERAM will allow fora fleet air-defense capability that will last well intothe 21
Chinese Surface-to-Surface MissileDevelopment
At the China Air Show 2004, Hongdu AviationIndustry Group displayed two new surface-to-surface missiles (SSM), one with two variants, theJJ/TL-6B, JJ/TL-10A and KJ/TL-10B as well asthe redesigned C-701R.The JJ/TL-10 missile appears identical to theIranian TL-10 missiles currently being imported byIran for their China Cat class Fast Attack Craft(FAC). Reports indicate Iran is interested in avariant of the JJ/TL-6 missile when it becomesavailable in the next two years.Test launches of the TL-10 missile by China beganin 1995 with launches from PLAN vessels andshore facilities against target vessels have showngreat success. The JJ/TL-10A is a TV-guided SSMwith a top speed of 0.85 mach with a range of 4 – 18km and contains a semi-armor piercing 30kgwarhead.Brochures from China National Aero TechnologyImport & Export Company (CATIC) list theindigenous FL-8 and FL-9 as being the export TL-10 and TL-6 respectively.The third SSM exhibited, the C-701R, has beenupgraded by replacing the electro-optical seekerwith an advanced radar guidance unit, a longermissile body and solid fins in lieu of pop-out tips.The C-701R with a range of 25km and a speedaround 0.8 mach is also being exported to Iran asan alternative to the TL-10 on the China Cat classFAC.All three missiles and each variant are capable ofbeing adapted for launch from canisters as wellas aircraft. However, the KJ/TL-10B is designatedas air launched only and is reportedly designedfor launch from helicopters.
Standard Missile-6 Moves Ahead (cont.)
Chinese JJ/TL-6B SSM
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