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F334 JUN 06

F334 JUN 06

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Published by: ExamStuff on Jun 23, 2011
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12/02/2012

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TIME
1 hour 30 minutes
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Write your name in the space above.
Write your Centre number and Candidate number in the boxes above.
Answer
all
the questions.
Read each question carefully and make sure you know what you have to do before starting youranswer.
Write your answers, in blue or black ink, in the spaces provided on the question paper. Pencilsmay be used for diagrams and graphs
only
.
Do not write in the bar code. Do not write in the grey area betweenthe pages.
DO NOT
WRITE IN THE AREA
OUTSIDE
THE BOX BORDERINGEACH PAGE. ANY WRITING IN THIS AREA WILL NOT BE MARKED.
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
The number of marks is given in brackets [] at the end of eachquestion or part question.
You will be awarded marks for the quality of written communicationwhere this is indicated in the question.
You may use a scientific calculator.
You may use the
Data Sheet for Chemistry (Salters)
.
You are advised to show all the steps in any calculations.
OXFORD CAMBRIDGE AND RSA EXAMINATIONSAdvanced GCE
CHEMISTRY (SALTERS)
Chemistry of Materials
2849
Monday
19JUNE2006
Afternoon 1hour30minutes
Candidates answer on the question paper.Additional materials:
Data Sheet for Chemistry (Salters)
Scientific calculator
FOR EXAMINER’S USEQu.Max.Mark117224323415511TOTAL90
This question paper consists of 15 printed pages and 1 blank page.
SP (SJF3642/CG) S97270/4 ©OCR 2006 [R/100/3432]Registered Charity Number: 1066969
[Turn over
 
Answer
all
the questions.
1
Non-returnable drinks bottles are often made from
PET
. This produces a huge problem for wastedisposal. However, this polymer cannot be used to make returnable bottles.
(a)PET
is a polyester. The repeating unit for
PET
is given below.
(i)
Draw a ring around the ester group in the repeating unit above.[1]
(ii)
One of the monomers from which
PET
is made is ethane-1,2-diol.Draw the full structural formula of ethane-1,2-diol.[1]
(b)
Plastic waste is often buried for disposal. Give
one
other method which is used to dispose ofplastics and explain an advantage of this method.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................[2]
(c)PET
is not used to make returnable bottles because its glass transition temperature,
g
, istoo low. The glass transition temperature of a polymer is the temperature at which it changesfrom being flexible to becoming brittle.Explain why lowering the temperature of a polymer below its
g
causes it to become brittle...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................[3]
2
COCH
2
COOOCH
2
 
(d)
Chemists have recently developed a new polyester which can be used for producingreturnable bottles. It can be made from ethane-1,2-diol and compound
A.
The structureofcompound
A
is shown below. The polymer is known as
PEN
.
compound A(i)
Draw the
skeletal
formula of the repeating unit of
PEN
.[2]
(ii)PEN
has a higher
g
and melting temperature than
PET
.Assume both polymers have similar average relative molecular masses.Suggest why
PEN
has a higher melting temperature than
PET
........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................[2]
3[Turn over
HOOCCOOH

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