An aggregate of printing processes, whose scope and character are determined by thecirculation, volume, and frequency of publication of the newspaper.The characteristics of newspaper production, in contrast to other specialized printing processes, are an operational interdependence between the editors and the printingoffice employees, based on a strictly established hourly schedule, and the utilization of highly productive equipment to expedite the typesetting, preparation of engraving platesand matrices, casting of stereotype blocks, printing, and delivery of the newspaper.
In April 1999, Lokmat entered into collaboration with the Horniman College of Journalism and Mass Communication run by the Maulana Azad Education Trust(MAET). Lokmat agreed to offer theoretical education and practical training in differentdisciplines of journalism as well as provide on-the-spot training in different departmentsof newspaper production.
The composing room receives the story in an electronic format, with the computer textfile already translated with typeset codes. In a typeset file, the characters are of the same"type"- style, size, and width - as they appear on the pages of the newspaper. Thesetting of stories into the type that a reader sees went unchanged for several decadesuntil the latter years of the 20th century. Well into the 1800s, type was set by hand,letter by letter. Individual lines of type were then placed by hand onto a page form.When a page was completed, it was then sent to a stereotyping room where a curvedmetal plate was made from the page form. Modern technology has replaced theLinotype process through a method called phototypesetting. The first step in this process is the transfer of the dummy to the page layout section of the newspaper. There,an operator transfers the instructions on the dummy into a rough page prototype. A printed version may be looked over and adjusted several times by one of the reporterswhose story is featured as well as by the copy editor. If another breaking story comesin, this page layout can be altered in a matter of minutes.