Economic Policy Program
well as traditional aid donors, have contributed to discus-sions in all these international orums.Major bilateral aid donors, such as the United States, theUnited Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands, andmultilateral organizations like the European Union (EU)have re-oriented their oreign assistance approaches. TeUnited States has issued a new National Security Strategy (2010), its rst Presidential Policy Directive on GlobalDevelopment (PPD), and rst Quadrennial Diplomacy andDevelopment Review (QDDR). All emphasize the impor-tance o “broad-based economic growth and democraticgovernance,” sustainable social services (especially educa-tion and health), and “game-changing innovations with thepotential to solve long-standing development challenges.”Te PPD states that “the United States cannot do all things,do them well, and do them everywhere. Instead, the UnitedStates must ocus its eorts in order to maximize long-termimpact.”
In the context o the EU Lisbon reaty implementationand preparations or its next multi-annual nancial rame-work or 2014-2020, the EU has examined where and howit should allocate its uture development assistance.
As aresult o the U.K.’s recent review o its bilateral and multi-lateral assistance, that country has conrmed its commit-ment to allocate 0.7 percent o its gross national incometo development assistance by 2013 and made decisions toallocate almost one-third o its aid to ragile states, termi-nate its development assistance to 16 countries, and ocusmost o its oreign aid on 27 countries in Arica, Asia, andthe Middle East.
It will prioritize investments in ood, cleandrinking water, basic healthcare, and education. Te Dutchgovernment intends to reduce the number o its partnercountries rom 33 to 16 while concentrating on oodsecurity, water, security, and the rule o law in ragile statesas well as sexual and reproductive health rights. Tere isalignment o policy priorities between the United States andEurope in key areas like ood security and also an overlap
“Fact Sheet: U.S. Global Development Policy,” The White House, September 22, 2010,
“EU development policy in support of inclusive growth and sustainable development:Increasing the impact of EU development policy,” European Commission Green Paper,
Brussels, October 11, 2010. “Public Consultation: What funding for EU external actionafter 2013?” European Commission, Brussels, October 2010.
“U.K. aid: Changing lives, delivering results,” Department of International Development(DFID), 2011, p. 3.
in eorts to become more ocused on key countries andsectors.In this uid development assistance context, the upcoming2011 High Level Forum on Aid Eectiveness in Busan,South Korea, oers an opportunity to move toward a morecomprehensive global development partnership, includingChina and other emerging donors, and to devise morerobust multilateral approaches or preventing conicts andcrises in ragile states.
What is the U.S.-EU Development Dialogue and why is it important?
In November 2009, the EU and the United Statesrelaunched a ormal U.S.-EU Development Dialogue at theU.S.-EU Summit in Washington, DC. As the two largestproviders o Ofcial Development Assistance (ODA), theUnited States and Europe have substantial inuence whenthey act together in international development orums andon the ground in developing countries.Te aid programs o the 27 EU member states combinedwith the Commission and the U.S. aid budgets disbursemore than 70 percent o global ODA.
Tereore, therenewed U.S.-EU Development Dialogue provides a orum
Homi Kharas and Noam Unger, “A Serious Approach to Development: Toward Success at the High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, Korea,” Policy Paper 2011-02, (TheBrookings Institution: Washington, DC), pp. 4, 6.
The United States, EU member states, and the Commission provided $116 billion out of a total global ODA of $165 billion in 2009. See DAC Statistical Table 2a, Total Global ODANet Disbursements, 2001-09.
There is alignment of policypriorities between the UnitedStates and Europe in key areaslike food security and also anoverlap in efforts to become morefocused on key countries andsectors.