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Timeline of Significant Events in Turkish History

Timeline of Significant Events in Turkish History

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Published by americaabroad

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: americaabroad on Jun 24, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/12/2014

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T
IMELINE OF
S
IGNIFICANT
E
VENTS IN
T
URKISH
H
ISTORY
 
1301
– The first Ottoman sultan, Osman I, defeats Byzantine forces at the Battle of Bapheus.
1320s to 1390s
– The Ottomans engage in a series of successful conquests, gradually expanding the empire.
1453
– Sultan Mehmed II leads the conquest of Byzantium and its capital, Constantinople,renamed Istanbul.
1683
– The Ottomans lay siege to Vienna in a failed bid to extend into central Europe.
1839
– After a series of military defeats at the hands of external powers and unrest within theempire, Ottomans launch the Tanzimat, a series of reforms aimed at modernizing andrecentralizing the empire.
1894
– The Committee of Union and Progress, known as the Young Turks, emerges in oppositionto Sultan Abdulhamid’s rule. They seek to arrest the collapse of the Ottoman Empire by reforming it.
1917
– War World One ends, with the Ottoman Empire on the losing side.
1919
– Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and like-minded Ottomans begin the movement for Turkishnational liberation.
1920
– The victors of World War One conclude the Treaty of Sèvres and dole out Ottomanterritory among them.
1920 to 1923
– Fighting ensues between Turkish nationalists, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and Armenian and Greek claimants to Ottoman territory.
1922
– The Turkish Grand National Assembly officially abolishes the Ottoman sultanate, bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire.
1923
– The Allies and Turkish nationalists conclude the Treaty of Lausanne, establishing Turkey’spresent borders.
1923
– Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the Turkish Assembly declare the Republic of Turkey.
1928
– Turkey officially becomes a secular republic with removal from the constitution of a clausestipulating Islam as the state religion.
1938
– Mustafa Kemal Atatürk dies, Ismet Inönü succeeds him.
1945
– Turkey joins the Allies near the end of World War Two.

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